The Emerald of the Southeast
Spanish: La Esmeralda del Sureste
Location of Villahermosa
|Founded||24 June 1564|
|• Mayor||Gerardo Gaudiano Rovirosa (PRD)|
|• State capital||61.177 km2 (23.62 sq mi)|
|• Urban||63.2 km2 (24.4 sq mi)|
|• Metro||1,612 km2 (622.4 sq mi)|
|Elevation||20 m (70 ft)|
|• State capital||640,359|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Villahermosa (Spanish pronunciation: [ˌbiʝa.eɾˈmosa], Beautiful Village) is the capital and largest city of the Mexican state of Tabasco, and the municipal seat of the Centro municipality. Villahermosa, the locality (urban settlement), reported a population of 353,577 in the 2010 census, whereas its Centro municipality had 640,359 inhabitants, modestly increasing from the previous censuses. The municipality covers an area of 1,612 km2 (622.4 sq mi), while the city (locality) covers 63.2 km2 as of 2010. The city is 863 kilometres (536 mi) from Mexico City.
Tabasco's political powers reside here. It is the main city of the state of Tabasco and is home to the state's largest population. The city is an important business center for the Mexican oil industry. In 2008, the city consisted of 33 colonias and fraccionamientos. Also known as La Esmeralda del Sureste (The Emerald of the Southeast), Villahermosa is a modern city rich in natural resources, in terms of both agriculture and farming. Commercially, the city is served by major merchants, such as Liverpool, Fábricas de Fráncia, Palacio de Hierro, Walmart, City Club, Soriana, Comercial Mexicana and Home Depot. All the major national banks are represented in the city as well.
Founded officially on 24 June 1564 by the Spanish Diego de Quijada on the banks of the Grijalva River under the name of Villa Hermosa, in 1826 the village was raised to the rank of city under the name of San Juan Bautista de la Villa Hermosa (Saint John the Baptist). During the French intervention in Mexico, French troops occupied the city in 1863. In 1916, the governor of Tabasco, Francisco J. Múgica, ordered the restoration of the city's name to Villahermosa.
Other sights include:
- Esperanza Iris Theatre.
- Plaza de Armas (main square)
- Zona Luz (city centre)
- Catedral del Señor de Tabasco (Cathedral of the Lord of Tabasco).
- Tomás Garrido Canabal Park
- La Venta (site museum)
- Yumká (zoo where animals roam freely).
- La Choca Park.
- Tabasco Park - a 'must see' during the Feria festivities.
- Papagayo Children's Museum.
Geography and natural resources
Villahermosa is located in the southeast of Mexico between the rivers Grijalva and Carrizal. The average elevation of the city is 10 meters above sea level. The city also has several lagoons, the largest and most important of them being La Laguna de las Ilusiones (Illusions Lagoon).
The most important city thoroughfares are Paseo Tabasco, Gregorio Méndez Avenue, the Periférico, Ruiz Cortines Avenue, and Pino Suárez Avenue.
Like most of Tabasco, Villahermosa has a tropical monsoon climate. Temperatures during spring and summer seasons can reach upwards of 40°C (104 °F), with humidity levels hovering around 30% during the same period (for total humidity-adjusted temperatures in the high forties). During its short "winter", Villahermosa's climate is very humid but daytime temperatures decrease to around 28°C (82 °F).
The most stunning season of the year is spring, as the flamboyán, guayacán, macuilis, and other tropical vegetation bloom and dress the city with a beautiful sense of joy along its major thoroughfares.
In October 2007, Villahermosa suffered its worst flood in recorded history. Several hundred thousand people were displaced because of flooded homes.
|Climate data for Villahermosa (1951–2010)|
|Record high °C (°F)||38.0
|Average high °C (°F)||27.9
|Daily mean °C (°F)||23.6
|Average low °C (°F)||19.3
|Record low °C (°F)||10.5
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||125.6
|Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm)||11.1||8.5||5.8||4.2||5.9||13.9||14.5||15.7||18.3||16.2||11.3||11.0||136.4|
|Average relative humidity (%)||76||75||73||73||71||72||72||75||77||79||81||81||75|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||168||185||252||215||278||217||252||245||167||150||170||144||2,443|
|Source #1: Servicio Meteorológico National (humidity 1981–2000)|
|Source #2: Deutscher Wetterdienst (sun, 1961–1990)[a]|
The city is served by several national air carriers. Its airport, the Carlos Rovirosa Pérez International Airport, is operated by Aeropuertos del Sureste de Mexico (ASUR) and has recently seen a significant expansion. This airport was the destination for the 1929 Mexicana inaugural flight. The city is the closest destination to the ancient Mayan ruins at Palenque. Airlines providing flights to/from the airport are: Aeromexico, Interjet, United, VivaAerobus, and previously by the defunct Mexicana de Aviación.
The city has an extensive network of elementary, secondary, and college-preparatory educational centers.
It is also home to the most important universities of the state of Tabasco, among them:
- Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco (UJAT)
- Instituto Tecnológico de Villahermosa
- Universidad Tecnológica de Tabasco
- Universidad del Valle de México
- Universidad Mundo Maya
- Universidad Olmeca
- Universidad Autónoma de Guadalajara Campus Tabasco
Like the rest of the Mexico there is no official religion. Tabasco's population is mostly Catholic, with many Protestant denominations also represented.
The city is served by a large number of both private and public healthcare institutions, hospitals, and clinics. Both ambulatory (same-day) centers as well as extended stay centers serve the city. General as well as specialized hospitals provide care in the city. Amongst its specialized health care institutions are a Women's Hospital, a Children's Hospital, and an Oncology Hospital. There are also various government healthcare institutions located here, including the ISSTE and the IMSS Medical Centers. The Seventh-day Adventist Church has a hospital here as well, Hospital del Sureste. There is also the well-respected Hospital Los Angeles.
Villahermosa has two sister cities. They are:
- Enciclopedia de Municipios de México, [Tabasco - Centro]
- "Estado de Tabasco–Estacion: Villahermosa (DGE)". NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS 1951–2010 (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico National. Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 7 May 2015.
- "Extreme Temperatures and Precipitation for Villahermosa (DGE) 1949–2011" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved 7 May 2015.
- "NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS 1981–2000" (PDF) (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved 7 May 2015.
- "Station 76743 Villahermosa, TAB". Global station data 1961–1990—Sunshine Duration. Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 7 May 2015.
- Maya, TI Universidad Mundo. "Universidad Mundo Maya". www.umma.com.mx. Retrieved 2017-02-23.
- Station ID for Villahermosa, TAB. is 76743 Use this station ID to locate the sunshine duration
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Villahermosa, Tabasco.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Villahermosa.|