Ville-Marie is the name of a borough (arrondissement) in the centre of the city of Montreal, Quebec. The borough is named after Fort Ville-Marie, the French settlement that would later become Montreal (now Old Montreal), which was located within the present-day borough. Old Montreal is a National Historic Site of Canada.
In 2011, it had a population of 84,013 and an area of 16.5 square kilometres (6.4 sq mi).
It is bordered by the city of Westmount (along Atwater Street) to the west and the boroughs of Le Sud-Ouest (along the Ville-Marie Autoroute, Guy and Notre-Dame streets, and the Bonaventure Autoroute) to the southwest, Mercier–Hochelaga-Maisonneuve (along the CP rail lines) to the east, Le Plateau-Mont-Royal (along Sherbrooke, University streets, and Pine and Park avenues) to the northeast, and Outremont and Côte-des-Neiges—Notre-Dame-de-Grâce (along the border of Mount Royal Park) to the north. It is bounded on the south by the Saint Lawrence River.
The borough council of Ville-Marie differs from other borough councils in two important respects. The office of borough mayor, rather than being elected by the borough's citizens, is held ex officio by the mayor of Montreal. Also, two of the members of the borough council are city councillors from other boroughs, chosen by the mayor. This governing structure is due to the unique status of Ville-Marie as the centre of Montreal.
As of November 18, 2014, the current borough council consists of the following councillors:
(as mayor of Montreal)
|Denis Coderre||Équipe Coderre|
|Peter-McGill||City councillor||Steve Shanahan||Vrai changement|
|Saint-Jacques||City councillor||Richard Bergeron||Independent|
|Sainte-Marie||City councillor||Valérie Plante||Projet Montréal|
(appointed by the mayor
from Montreal City Council)
(City councillor for Ovide-Clermont, Montréal-Nord)
|Karine Boivin Roy
(City councillor for Louis-Riel, Mercier–Hochelaga-Maisonneuve)
Former council composition
Up until the 2009 municipal election, Ville-Marie's borough council consisted of a borough mayor, two city councillors, and two borough councillors, all of whom were elected by residents of the borough.
When the 2009 election was called, the borough council consisted of the following councillors:
- Borough mayor: Benoit Labonté (Vision Montreal)
- Sainte-Marie—Saint-Jacques: City Councillor: Sammy Forcillo (Union Montreal); Borough Councillor: Pierre Mainville (Projet Montréal)
- Peter-McGill: City Councillor: Catherine Sévigny (Union Montreal); Borough Councillor: Karim Boulos (Independent)
The 2009 election saw the coming into force of Bill 22 (2008), An Act to amend various legislative provisions concerning Montréal. As a result, the borough council now consists of the mayor of Montreal; three elected city councillors representing the districts of Peter-McGill, Sainte-Marie, and Saint-Jacques; and two city councillors representing other districts in Montreal, chosen by the mayor.
Federal and provincial
The borough is divided among the following federal ridings:
It is divided among the following provincial electoral districts:
- Outremont (three small corners of Mount Royal Park to the borough's northeast)
Ville-Marie includes the city's downtown, the historical district of Old Montreal, Chinatown, the Gay Village, the Latin Quarter, the recently gentrified Quartier international and Cité Multimédia as well as the Quartier des Spectacles which is currently under development. Other neighbourhoods of interest in the borough include the affluent Golden Square Mile and Îlot-Trafalgar-Gleneagles at the foot of Mount Royal and the Shaughnessy Village/Quartier Concordia area home to thousands of students at Concordia University. The borough also comprises most of Mount Royal Park, Cité du Havre, Saint Helen's Island, and Île Notre-Dame.
Montreal's interurban rail and bus terminals, and its two commuter rail terminals (Central Station, Lucien-L'Allier and the Downtown Terminus) are in the borough. It is served by the Orange, Green, and Yellow Lines of the Montreal Metro. The Metro's central station, Berri-UQAM (which is a terminus of the Yellow Line), and the Central Bus Station, are also located in Ville-Marie.
Two autoroutes serve the area: Autoroute Bonaventure and the partly underground Autoroute Ville-Marie. Two bridges — the Victoria Bridge and Jacques-Cartier Bridge — provide access to the South Shore, while the Pont de la Concorde provides access to Saint Helen's Island and Notre Dame Island (Parc Jean-Drapeau). The Jacques-Cartier Bridge also provides access to Saint Helen's Island and Notre Dame Island.
Many of Montreal's most famous attractions are situated in Ville-Marie. Most of its office towers, including 1000 de La Gauchetière, 1250 René-Lévesque, the Tour de la Bourse, Place Ville-Marie, the Sun Life Building, the Maison Radio-Canada, and many others are located here.
Three of Montreal's four universities — McGill, Concordia, and UQAM — are located in Ville-Marie, as are three of its four basilicas — Mary, Queen of the World Cathedral, Notre-Dame Basilica, and St. Patrick's Basilica. The Grande Bibliothèque du Québec is a recent addition, and the CHUM megahospital is planned for the borough.
The Commission scolaire de Montréal (CSDM) operates French-language public schools.
The English Montreal School Board (EMSB) operates English-language schools.
The Montreal Public Libraries Network operates the Frontenac and Père-Ambroise libraries.
|Climate data for Ville-Marie, Montreal|
|Average high °C (°F)||−4.9
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−8.8
|Average low °C (°F)||−12.6
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||77.7
|Source: Environment Canada (normals, 1971-2000) |
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ville-Marie.|
||Le Plateau-Mont-Royal (Montreal)||Mercier–Hochelaga-Maisonneuve (Montreal)|
| Outremont (Montreal)
|Saint Lawrence River|
|Westmount||Le Sud-Ouest (Montreal)|
- Ministère des Affaires Municipales et Régions: Ville-Marie (Montreal)
- Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: WESTMOUNT--VILLE-MARIE (Quebec)
Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: LAURIER--SAINTE-MARIE (Quebec)
Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: OUTREMONT (Quebec)
Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: JEANNE-LE BER (Quebec)
- Chief Electoral Officer of Québec - 40th General Election Riding Results: WESTMOUNT--SAINT-LOUIS
Chief Electoral Officer of Québec - 40th General Election Riding Results: SAINTE-MARIE--SAINT-JACQUES
Chief Electoral Officer of Québec - 40th General Election Riding Results: HOCHELOGA-MAISONNEUVE
Chief Electoral Officer of Québec - 40th General Election Riding Results: SAINT-HENRI--SAINTE-ANNE
- "Population totale en 2006 et en 2011 - Variation — Densité" (PDF). Canada 2011 Census (in French). Ville de Montréal. 2012. Retrieved 5 June 2012.
- Official Transport Quebec Road Map
- "Bergeron leaves Projet Montreal, joins Coderre's Executive Committee". CTV Montreal. November 19, 2014. Retrieved December 1, 2014.
- "Profil sociodéographique: Arrondissement de Ville-Marie" (PDF) (in French). Ville de Montréal. 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
- "Contacts." Bombardier Aerospace. Retrieved on September 14, 2009.
- "Canadian Climate Normals 1971-2000 Station Data". Environment Canada. Retrieved June 7, 2014.