The road into Ville-la-Grand
|Intercommunality||Annemasse – Les Voirons|
|• Mayor (2014-2020)||Nadine Jacquier|
|4.49 km2 (1.73 sq mi)|
|• Density||2,000/km2 (5,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||432–541 m (1,417–1,775 ft) |
(avg. 439 m or 1,440 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
Ville-la-Grand is a commune in the Haute-Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France. The commune consists of the main town Ville-la-Grand and the small villages Crêt and Marsaz.
History of Ville-la-Grand
Ville-la-Grand was founded during the Roman Republic, from around 48BC to 44BC, with the establishment of a villa by a rich patrician or a simple veteran rewarded by Julius Caesar, whereas the nobles of the time were located at Allobroges. Located on a roman road going to the Chablais, it quickly became the center of an important gallo-roman village. From this time, three carved stones can be seen in the city.
In 522, a church was built in honor of Mammes of Caesarea, child martyr, on the spot of a former temple dedicated to the god Mars. Two stones located in the front of the church can be seen from this time.
From 1200 to 1800
Between 1220 and 1748, the village is under the influence of the House of Grailly. After that, Ville-la-Grand belongs to the Duchy of Savoy. Annexed by France as part of Savoy in 1792, it becomes a commune of the department of Mont Blanc, and then from the department of Léman in 1798. Given back to the Duchy of Savoy in 1814, the commune lost some of his territory because of the Treaty of Turin when the villages of Présinge, Puplinge, the hamlets of "la Louvière" and "Carra" are transferred to the canton of Geneva.
The parish of Ville-la-Grand lost its dependents of Juvigny in 1681, Ambilly in 1803, as well as the hamlets of Carraz, Pesey and Puplinge in 1816. Elle récupère par contre lors du Concordat celle de Présinge.
Annexation of the Duchy of Savoy
During the debates about the Annexation of the Duchy of Savoy in 1860, the people are in a majority for joining the north part which became part of Switerzland. A petition was established and collected more than 13 600 signatures. The territory becomes then part of France, where on the 22nd and 23rd of april 1860 99.8% of the Savoy people voted for the territory to be attached to France.
In 1860, the commune becomes part of France. As part of an imperial decree from the 22nd december of the same year, the rail station of Annemasse is built on land owned by the city of Ville-La-Grand to realize a railway to Thonon. Annemasse proposed a 3000 francs compensation in 1881, which was not accepted. The matter was finally resolved in 1927 after Ville-La-Grand had exhausted all appeals, and finally accepted the compensation. Ville-la-Grand became the favorite place to life for the railroad workers after the SNCF residential buildings were built. This was a noticeable change for the city, which was mainly an agricultural city until then.
World War II
On the 8th of July 1944, six members of the French Resistance were killed by German forces on the "lieu-dit" « sur les côtes », including Marianne Cohn. Moreover, the catholic priests from the Juvénat school helped save the file of more than 2,500 Jews, by helping them cross into Switzerland.
The river Foron goes through the city.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ville-la-Grand.|
|This Haute-Savoie geographical article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|