Villejuif

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Villejuif
The church of Saint-Cyr - Sainte-Julitte
Coat of arms of Villejuif
Coat of arms
Paris and inner ring departments
Paris and inner ring departments
Location of Villejuif
Villejuif is located in France
Villejuif
Villejuif
Paris and inner ring departments
Villejuif is located in Île-de-France (region)
Villejuif
Villejuif
Villejuif (Île-de-France (region))
Coordinates: 48°47′31″N 2°21′49″E / 48.7919°N 2.3636°E / 48.7919; 2.3636Coordinates: 48°47′31″N 2°21′49″E / 48.7919°N 2.3636°E / 48.7919; 2.3636
CountryFrance
RegionÎle-de-France
DepartmentVal-de-Marne
ArrondissementL'Haÿ-les-Roses
CantonVillejuif
IntercommunalityGrand Paris
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Pierre Garzon (PCF)
Area
1
5.34 km2 (2.06 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2017)[1]
54,753
 • Density10,000/km2 (27,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
94076 /94800
Elevation62–130 m (203–427 ft)
Website[1]
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Villejuif (French pronunciation: [vilʒɥif] (About this soundlisten)) is a commune in the southern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 7 km (4.3 mi) from the centre of Paris.

Name[edit]

The earliest reference to this place appears in a bull signed by the Pope Callixtus II on November 27, 1119. It refers to Villa Judea, the Latinized version of the Old French expression meaning 'Jewish settlement'. During the following centuries, the toponym appears as Villejuifve, that is, following the archaic French spelling of the expression with the same meaning, cognate to modern French Villejuive. The French author from the 17th century Louis Moréri indicates that the settlement was founded by Jews expelled from Paris. This idea, however, remains speculative: available medieval Christian and Jewish sources do not mention the existence of the Jewish community in this place. For this reason, the exact role of Jews in the inception or the development of this town remains obscure. During the 20th century, certain authors suggested other etymological explanations that are, nevertheless, even more speculative and, moreover, do not explain the known Latin and medieval French spellings.

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 1,362—    
1800 1,137−2.55%
1806 1,320+2.52%
1821 1,278−0.22%
1831 1,377+0.75%
1836 1,652+3.71%
1841 1,503−1.87%
1846 1,587+1.09%
1851 1,514−0.94%
1856 1,559+0.59%
1861 1,813+3.06%
1866 2,308+4.95%
1872 1,917−3.05%
1876 2,117+2.51%
1881 2,678+4.81%
1886 3,163+3.39%
1891 4,294+6.30%
1896 5,234+4.04%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 5,835+2.20%
1906 6,600+2.49%
1911 8,671+5.61%
1921 11,725+3.06%
1926 18,751+9.85%
1931 25,192+6.08%
1936 27,540+1.80%
1946 25,359−0.82%
1954 29,280+1.81%
1962 46,116+5.84%
1968 51,120+1.73%
1975 55,606+1.21%
1982 52,448−0.83%
1990 48,405−1.00%
1999 47,384−0.24%
2007 51,410+1.02%
2012 56,504+1.91%
2017 54,753−0.63%
Source: EHESS[2] and INSEE (1968-2017)[3]

Immigration[edit]

Place of birth of residents of Villejuif in 1999
Born in Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France
76.1% 23.9%
Born in
Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth1 EU-15 immigrants2 Non-EU-15 immigrants
2.8% 2.9% 5.6% 12.6%
1 This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as pieds-noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.

2 An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Transport[edit]

Villejuif is served by three stations on Paris Métro Line 7: Villejuif – Léo Lagrange, Villejuif – Paul Vaillant-Couturier, and Villejuif – Louis Aragon.

Personalities[edit]

Hospitals[edit]

Villejuif has several hospitals on its territory :

Education[edit]

13 preschools, 11 elementary schools, and five junior high schools (Collège Aimé-Césaire, Collège Guy-Môquet, Collège Jean Lurçat, Collège Karl Marx, Collège Pasteur) are in Villejuif. Lycée intercommunal Darius-Milhaud (in Le Kremlin-Bicêtre) serves Villejuif.[4]

Other institutions:

Twin cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2017". INSEE. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  2. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Villejuif, EHESS. (in French)
  3. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  4. ^ "Etablissements scolaires." Villejuif. Retrieved on June 23, 2015.

External links[edit]