|Borough of Montreal|
Former Parc train station, for Canadian Pacific.
Location of Villeray–Saint-Michel–Parc-Extension on the Island of Montreal.
(Grey areas indicate demerged municipalities).
|Established||January 01, 2002|
|• Mayor||Anie Samson (EDC)|
|• Federal MP(s)||Justin Trudeau (LIB)
Nicola Di Iorio (LIB)
Mélanie Joly (LIB)
|• Quebec MNA(s)||Gerry Sklavounos (PLQ)
David Heurtel (PLQ)
|• Total||16.5 km2 (6.4 sq mi)|
|• Density||8,624.7/km2 (22,338/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||(514) and (438)|
Villeray–Saint-Michel–Parc-Extension is a borough (arrondissement) in the city of Montreal, Quebec. It had a population of 142,222 according to the 2011 Census and a land area of 16.5 square kilometres (6.4 sq mi).
The borough of Villeray–Saint-Michel–Parc-Extension was created on January 1, 2002, following the municipal reorganization of Montreal. The borough includes the neighbourhoods of Villeray, Saint-Michel, and Parc-Extension.
Until the late Nineteenth century, the area that today comprises the borough of Villeray–Saint-Michel–Parc-Extension was predominately rural and dotted with farms. The inauguration of the Canadian Pacific Railway in 1878 and the arrival of electric streetcars in 1892 permitted the growth of Villeray. It was also in this era that the Italian immigrant community chose the neighbourhood as their preferred location.
In the early Twentieth century, Park Extension became industrialized, and a dozen quarries opened which led to the economic development of the area. Beginning in the 1940s, the exploitation of the Miron and Francon quarries attracted workers to Saint Michel and Park Extension.
Construction of the Metropolitan Expressway was completed in 1959. It cut the area in two, but also attracted multiple industries, which opened along the expressway. In less than twenty years, the population of Saint Michel increased from 6,000 to 68,000 inhabitants.
Jobs derived from competing industries along with the efficient transportation infrastructure resulted in strong demographic growth. The growth of the manufacturing sector, notably the textile industry, were incentives for new immigrants to settle in the borough.
The borough of Villeray–Saint-Michel–Parc-Extension was created on January 1, 2002, following the municipal reorganization of Montreal. The borough includes three neighbourhoods that were part of Montreal before the reorganization:Villeray, Saint-Michel, and Park Extension. The Saint-Michel neighbourhood was formerly an independent city known as Saint-Michel-de-Laval which was annexed to Montreal in 1968. Villeray was once also an autonomous municipality but has been part of the city of Montreal since 1905. Parc Extension left the parish of St-Laurent to join the city of Montreal in 1910.
Located in north central Montreal, the pipe-shaped borough is bordered by Ahuntsic-Cartierville to the northwest, Montreal North to the northeast, Saint Leonard to the east, Rosemont—La Petite-Patrie to the southeast, Outremont to the southwest, and Mount Royal to the west.
Saint-Michel is the easternmost neighbourhood of the borough, Park Extension is the westernmost neighbourhood and Villeray is in the centre.
The current borough mayor is Anie Samson.
The borough is divided into four districts located in three different neighborhoods. The districts bear the same name as their respective neighborhood with the exception of François-Perreault which is part of the Saint-Michel and Villeray neighborhoods.
As of the November 3, 2013 Montreal municipal election, the current borough council consists of the following councillors:
|Anie Samson||Équipe Coderre|
|François-Perrault||City councillor||Sylvain Ouellet||Projet Montréal|
|Parc-Extension||City councillor||Mary Deros||Équipe Coderre|
|Saint-Michel||City councillor||Frantz Benjamin||Équipe Coderre|
|Villeray||City councillor||Elsie Lefebvre||Coalition Montréal|
Federal and provincial
The borough is divided among the following federal ridings:
It is divided among the following provincial electoral districts:
According to data from Canada 2011 Census, Villeray–Saint-Michel–Parc-Extension had a resident population of 142,222, making it the second most populous borough of Montreal. This figure in conjunction with its area provides Villeray–Saint-Michel–Parc-Extension with a population density of 8,624.7 people per square kilometre (22,338 per sq. mi.).
Villeray–Saint-Michel–Parc-Extension, which is considered a combination of the neighbourhoods of Villeray, Saint-Michel and Park Extension, had a median age of 36.1, compared to 38.6 for the city of Montreal.
There were 63,545 households in Villeray–Saint-Michel–Parc-Extension. 38.83% of all households were made up of individuals and 28.88% were made up of two people, and 32.3% were made up of 3 people or more. The average household size was 2.2. There were 35,500 families in the borough, of which 67.11% have children.
The most common mother tongue languages in the borough were French 42.05%, Spanish 8.24%, Arabic 5.56%, English 5.06%, Italian 4.95%, Creole languages 4.42%, Greek 3.47%, Vietnamese 2.85%, Portuguese 2.24%, Bengali 1.76%, Punjabi 1.71%, Chinese 1.70%, and other languages 11.30%. An additional 2.67% spoke French and a non-official language, 0.84% spoke English and a non-official language, 0.69% spoke French and English and 0.47% spoke French, English and a non-official language.
The racial makeup of the borough was 53.2% white, 12.5% black, 9.5% South Asian, 8.2% Latin American, 7.0% Arab, 5.9% Southeast Asian, 2.3% Chinese, 0.3% West Asian, 0.2% Filipino, and 1.1% of other backgrounds.
Attractions in the area include the old Park Avenue train station (now containing Parc Metro station and near the Parc commuter train station), Jarry Park, and TOHU, La Cité des arts du cirque (including the Cirque du Soleil and the École nationale du cirque). The former Miron and Francon quarries are also located here.
The former studios of CTV Montreal, TQS, CFCF radio & CFQR-FM (now CKBE-FM) were located in the Parc Extension section of the borough. Today, the borough hall is at the former studios of those stations on 405 Ogilvy Ave.
The Commission scolaire de Montréal (CSDM) operates French-language public schools.
The English Montreal School Board (EMSB) operates English-language schools.
The Montreal Public Libraries Network operates the Le Prévost, Parc-Extension, and Saint-Michel libraries.
- Boroughs of Montreal
- Districts of Montreal
- Municipal reorganization in Quebec
- Stade Jarry
- Parc Jarry
- Park Extension
- Ministère des Affaires Municipales et Régions: Villeray–Saint-Michel–Parc-Extension (Montreal)
- Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: PAPINEAU (Quebec)
Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: SAINT-LÉONARD--SAINT-MICHEL (Quebec)
Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: AHUNTSIC (Quebec)
Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: OUTREMONT (Quebec)
- Chief Electoral Officer of Québec - 40th General Election Riding Results: LAURIER-DORION
Chief Electoral Officer of Québec - 40th General Election Riding Results: VIAU
- "Population totale en 2006 et en 2011 - Variation — Densité" (PDF). Canada 2011 Census (in French). Ville de Montréal. 2012. Retrieved 5 June 2012.
- Official Transport Quebec Road Map
- "Profil sociodéographique: Arrondissement de Villeray–Saint-Michel–Parc-Extension" (PDF) (in French). Ville de Montréal. 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
- "PROFIL SOCIODÉMOGRAPHIQUE: Arrondissement de Villeray– Saint-Michel–Parc-Extension" (PDF). Ville de Montréal. ProfilSociodemo2011. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
- Borough website (in French)
- Historical building of borough Villeray
- Villeray Saint-Michel Parcextension (in French)