Villiers-le-Bel

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Villiers-le-Bel
Commune
City hall
City hall
Coat of arms of Villiers-le-Bel
Coat of arms
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Coordinates: 49°00′34″N 2°23′28″E / 49.0094°N 2.3911°E / 49.0094; 2.3911Coordinates: 49°00′34″N 2°23′28″E / 49.0094°N 2.3911°E / 49.0094; 2.3911
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Val-d'Oise
Arrondissement Sarcelles
Canton Villiers-le-Bel
Intercommunality CA Roissy Pays de France
Government
 • Mayor (2012–2020) Jean-Louis Marsac
Area1 7.3 km2 (2.8 sq mi)
Population (2013)2 27,312
 • Density 3,700/km2 (9,700/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code 95680 /95400
Elevation 64–147 m (210–482 ft)
(avg. 75 m or 246 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Villiers-le-Bel is a commune in the French department of Val-d'Oise, in the northern suburbs of Paris. It is located 17.4 km (10.8 mi) from the center of Paris.

History[edit]

A tragedy occurred in the town in the early evening of March 25, 1818, when a cracked 6,000 pound (2721 kg) bell being removed from a belfry came crashing down, killing approximately 25 onlookers. Workers who remained hanging from collapsed steeple were able to be rescued.[1][2][3][4]

In the 1950s the commune had about 5,000 residents but it urbanized from 1950 to 1974. As of 2007 the commune had 26,000 people.[5]

In 2007 the mayor at the time, François Pupponi, stated that the city became a "social ghetto" suffered from planning errors made in the 1950s, as the community did not gain the businesses necessary to support the population.[5] Jean-Louis Marsac, the first deputy mayor, stated that the commune grew without gaining the proper infrastructure.[5]

Transport[edit]

Villiers-le-Bel is served by no station of the Paris Métro, RER. The closest station to Villiers-le-Bel is Villiers-le-Bel – Gonesse – Arnouville station on Paris RER line D. This station is located in the neighboring commune of Arnouville-lès-Gonesse, 2.5 km (1.6 mi) from the town center of Villiers-le-Bel.

Demography[edit]

As of 2007 40% of the commune's population was under the age of 25.[5]

Economy[edit]

As of 2007 Charles de Gaulle International Airport is the primary employer of the area. Within Villiers-le-Bel itself the largest employers were the Charles-Richet Hospital, the Flopak conditioning company, Gilson medical material company, and public services.[5]

Education[edit]

The commune has 30 educational institutions, including 11 preschools and 11 elementary schools along with four junior high schools and a vocational high school.[6] As of 2007 the commune does not have its own general high school/sixth-form college.[5]

Two nearby senior high schools are in Sarcelles, Lycée la tourelle and Lycée Jean Jacques Rousseau.[6] Students attending general high school studies go to J. J. Rousseau.[5]

Area universities:[7]

Neighboring communes[edit]

2007 riots[edit]

On the night of 25 November 2007, gangs attacked a police station in Villiers-le-Bel, torched cars, and vandalized stores. The violence was prompted by the deaths of two adolescents after a crash between their motorbike and a police patrol car at an intersection. The disturbances spread to neighbouring towns on the night of 26 November. 82 police officers were injured, four of them seriously, by shotgun blasts. [8]

Personalities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Annual Register, 1818, p. 52 (Baldwin, Cradock, and Joy, pubs., London, 1819)
  2. ^ (9 June 1818). Foreign, The Reflector (Milledgeville, Georgia), p. 2 col. 3, near bottom
  3. ^ (29 March 1818). France, Journal des débats, p. 1, col. 2 (in French)
  4. ^ (31 March 1818). Paris, 31 mars, Journal de Paris, p.1 (seems to report that death toll was 19 and not 25)
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Ternisien, Xavier (2007-11-29). "Villiers-le-Bel, radioscopie d'un "ghetto social"". Le Monde. Archived from the original on 2016-09-09. Retrieved 2016-09-09.  () ""Nous avons grandi à la vitesse d'une ville nouvelle, souligne Jean-Louis Marsac (PS), premier adjoint au maire." and "Pour François Pupponi, maire (PS) de Sarcelles,[...] privait la commune de taxe professionnelle.""
  6. ^ a b "Les écoles à Villiers-le-Bel." Villiers-le-Bel. Retrieved on September 3, 2016.
  7. ^ "Enseignement supérieur : Universités." Villiers-le-Bel. Retrieved on September 3, 2016.
  8. ^ Ariane Bernard, International Herald Tribune. "Second night of violence in Paris suburb". Retrieved 2007-11-26. 
General

External links[edit]