Villingen-Schwenningen

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Villingen-Schwenningen
View of Villingen
View of Villingen
Coat of arms of Villingen-Schwenningen
Coat of arms
Villingen-Schwenningen   is located in Germany
Villingen-Schwenningen
Villingen-Schwenningen
Coordinates: 48°03′37″N 08°27′31″E / 48.06028°N 8.45861°E / 48.06028; 8.45861Coordinates: 48°03′37″N 08°27′31″E / 48.06028°N 8.45861°E / 48.06028; 8.45861
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Freiburg
District Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis
Government
 • Mayor Dr. Rupert Kubon (SPD)
Area
 • Total 165.47 km2 (63.89 sq mi)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Total 84,674
 • Density 510/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 78001–78056
Dialling codes 07721, 07720, 07425, 07705
Vehicle registration VS
Website http://www.villingen-schwenningen.de

Villingen-Schwenningen (German pronunciation: [ˈfɪlɪŋən ˈʃvɛnɪŋən]) is a city in the Schwarzwald-Baar district in southern Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It has 81,128 inhabitants (as of 2013).

History[edit]

Villingen

In the Middle Ages Villingen was a town under Austrian lordship. During the Protestant Reformation it remained Catholic. Villingen came to international attention when it was besieged by marshal Tallard in 1704. Colonel Von Wilstorff put up a stout defence of the outdated fortifications, and after six days the siege failed.

Schwenningen remained a village until the 19th century. In 1858 the first watch factory was established, and watchmaking and precision mechanics have been important industries ever since.

As part of the Baden-Württemberg territorial reform of 1972, Villingen and Schwenningen were merged with a number of surrounding villages to form the city of Villingen-Schwenningen. Nevertheless, the two halves of the city are separated by a plateau and remain distinct.

Villingen is a major center of German Carneval celebrations. The traditional Narros represent the old citizens of Villingen: Alt Villingere, Morbili, Hansele, Suribbel.

Since 1904, Villingen-Schwenningen has also been home to the ice hockey team the Schwenninger Wild Wings which competes in the Deutsche Eishockey Liga.

Geography[edit]

Villingen-Schwenningen lies on the eastern edge of the Black Forest about 700 m (2,300 ft) above sea level. The source of the River Neckar is in Schwenningen (Schwenninger Moos).

Boroughs[edit]

  • Villingen
  • Schwenningen
  • Obereschach
  • Weilersbach
  • Weigheim
  • Mühlhausen
  • Marbach
  • Rietheim
  • Pfaffenweiler
  • Herzogenweiler
  • Tannheim

Mayors and Lord mayors of Villingen[edit]

  • 1912–1930: Guido Lehmann
  • 1931–1933: Adolf Gremmelspacher
  • 1933: Gutmann, temporary
  • 1933–1937: Hermann Schneider
  • 1937–1940: Karl Berckmüller
  • 1940–1945: Hermann Riedel
  • 1945–1946: Walter Bräunlich
  • 1946: Edwin Hartmann
  • 1946–1950: Edwin Nägele
  • 1950–1972: Severin Kern

Mayors and Lord mayors of Schwenningen[edit]

  • 1797–1816: Erhard Bürk
  • 1816–1819: (Vogt)
  • 1819–1821: Thomas Wegler
  • 1821–1825: ?
  • 1825–1835: Matthias Rapp
  • 1835–1841: Johann Georg Koch
  • 1841–1852: Andreas Bürk
  • 1852–1857: Christian Strohm
  • 1857–1887: Erhard Müller
  • 1887–1912: David Würth
  • 1912–1925: Emil Braunagel
  • 1925–1930: Ingo Lang von Langen
  • 1930–1948: Otto Gönnenwein
  • 1949–1962: Hans Kohler
  • 1962–1972: Gerhard Gebauer

Lord mayors of Villingen-Schwenningen[edit]

  • 1972–1994: Gerhard Gebauer (SPD)
  • 1994–2002: Manfred Matusza (CDU)
  • since 2002: Rupert Kubon (SPD)

Number of inhabitants (Villingen-Schwenningen)[edit]

Date Inhabitants
31. Dezember 1972 78.436
31. Dezember 1980 78.904
31. Dezember 1990 78.218
31. Dezember 1995 80.734
31. Dezember 2005 81.778
31. Dezember 2015 84.674

Source: Statistical office Baden-Württemberg

Main sights[edit]

Villingen-Schwenningen Watch factory Bürk Museum of watch industry
Schwenningen - Janusz-Korczak-school
Villingen Romäus tower
Münster Villingen West side

International relations/sister cities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]