Villingen-Schwenningen

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Villingen-Schwenningen
View of Villingen
View of Villingen
Coat of arms of Villingen-Schwenningen
Coat of arms
Villingen-Schwenningen   is located in Germany
Villingen-Schwenningen
Villingen-Schwenningen
Coordinates: 48°03′37″N 08°27′31″E / 48.06028°N 8.45861°E / 48.06028; 8.45861Coordinates: 48°03′37″N 08°27′31″E / 48.06028°N 8.45861°E / 48.06028; 8.45861
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Freiburg
District Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis
Government
 • Mayor Dr. Rupert Kubon (SPD)
Area
 • Total 165.47 km2 (63.89 sq mi)
Elevation 704 m (2,310 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Total 84,674
 • Density 510/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 78001–78056
Dialling codes 07721, 07720, 07425, 07705
Vehicle registration VS
Website http://www.villingen-schwenningen.de

Villingen-Schwenningen (German pronunciation: [ˈfɪlɪŋən ˈʃvɛnɪŋən]) is a city in the Schwarzwald-Baar district in southern Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It has 81,128 inhabitants (as of 2013).

History[edit]

Villingen

In the Middle Ages Villingen was a town under Austrian lordship. During the Protestant Reformation it remained Catholic. Villingen came to international attention when it was besieged by marshal Tallard in 1704. Colonel Von Wilstorff put up a stout defence of the outdated fortifications, and after six days the siege failed.

Schwenningen remained a village until the 19th century. In 1858 the first watch factory was established, and watchmaking and precision mechanics have been important industries ever since. The town styled itself "the greatest watch city in the world"[2] at one time, and the Kienzle Uhren watchmaking company was founded there in 1822 and remained until moving to Hamburg in 2002. The Museum of Clockmaking celebrates the town's clock and watchmaking history.

As part of the Baden-Württemberg territorial reform of 1972, Villingen and Schwenningen were merged with a number of surrounding villages to form the city of Villingen-Schwenningen. Nevertheless, the two halves of the city are separated by a plateau and remain distinct.

Villingen is a major center of German Carneval celebrations. The traditional Narros represent the old citizens of Villingen: Alt Villingere, Morbili, Narro, Suribbel.

Since 1904, Villingen-Schwenningen has also been home to the ice hockey team the Schwenninger Wild Wings which competes in the Deutsche Eishockey Liga.

Geography[edit]

Villingen-Schwenningen lies on the eastern edge of the Black Forest about 700 m (2,300 ft) above sea level. The source of the River Neckar is in Schwenningen (Schwenninger Moos).

Boroughs[edit]

  • Villingen
  • Schwenningen
  • Obereschach
  • Weilersbach
  • Weigheim
  • Mühlhausen
  • Marbach
  • Rietheim
  • Pfaffenweiler
  • Herzogenweiler
  • Tannheim

Mayors and Lord mayors of Villingen[edit]

  • 1912–1930: Guido Lehmann
  • 1931–1933: Adolf Gremmelspacher
  • 1933: Gutmann, temporary
  • 1933–1937: Hermann Schneider
  • 1937–1940: Karl Berckmüller
  • 1940–1945: Hermann Riedel
  • 1945–1946: Walter Bräunlich
  • 1946: Edwin Hartmann
  • 1946–1950: Edwin Nägele
  • 1950–1972: Severin Kern

Mayors and Lord mayors of Schwenningen[edit]

  • 1797–1816: Erhard Bürk
  • 1816–1819: (Vogt)
  • 1819–1821: Thomas Wegler
  • 1821–1825: ?
  • 1825–1835: Matthias Rapp
  • 1835–1841: Johann Georg Koch
  • 1841–1852: Andreas Bürk
  • 1852–1857: Christian Strohm
  • 1857–1887: Erhard Müller
  • 1887–1912: David Würth
  • 1912–1925: Emil Braunagel
  • 1925–1930: Ingo Lang von Langen
  • 1930–1948: Otto Gönnenwein
  • 1949–1962: Hans Kohler
  • 1962–1972: Gerhard Gebauer

Lord mayors of Villingen-Schwenningen[edit]

  • 1972–1994: Gerhard Gebauer (SPD)
  • 1994–2002: Manfred Matusza (CDU)
  • since 2002: Rupert Kubon (SPD)

Number of inhabitants (Villingen-Schwenningen)[edit]

Date Inhabitants
31. Dezember 1972 78.436
31. Dezember 1980 78.904
31. Dezember 1990 78.218
31. Dezember 1995 80.734
31. Dezember 2005 81.778
31. Dezember 2015 84.674

Source: Statistical office Baden-Württemberg

Main sights[edit]

Villingen-Schwenningen Watch factory Bürk Museum of watch industry
Schwenningen - Janusz-Korczak-school
Villingen Romäus tower
Münster Villingen West side

International relations/sister cities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]