Viluppuram

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Viluppuram
Vizhimaa Nagaram
Town
Viluppuram Junction, District Court, Gingee Fort
Nickname(s): Vizhimaa nagaram
Viluppuram is located in Tamil Nadu
Viluppuram
Viluppuram
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 11°56′28″N 79°29′35″E / 11.941°N 79.493°E / 11.941; 79.493Coordinates: 11°56′28″N 79°29′35″E / 11.941°N 79.493°E / 11.941; 79.493
CountryIndia India
StateTamil Nadu
RegionTondai Nadu
DistrictViluppuram
Established1919
Government
 • TypeSelection Grade Municipality
 • BodyViluppuram Municipality
 • ChairmanG. Bhaskaran
Area[1]
 • Total33.13 km2 (12.79 sq mi)
Elevation44 m (144 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total96,253
 • Density2,900/km2 (7,500/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialTamil
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN605601,605602,605401,605103
Telephone code+91–4146(STD Code)
Vehicle registrationTN–32
Distance from Chennai160 kilometres (99 mi)
Distance from Madurai305 kilometres (190 mi)
Distance from Bengaluru269 kilometres (167 mi)
Sex ratio1019 /
ClimateAw(Köppen)
Literacy90.16%
WebsiteViluppuram Municipality

Viluppuram(About this soundpronunciation ) (also spelled as Villupuram and Vizhupuram)[2] is a Municipality and the administrative headquarters of Viluppuram district, the largest district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.

Located 61 kilometres (38 mi) south east of a Tiruvannamalai and 45 kilometres (28 mi) north west of Cuddalore. The city serves as a major railway junction, and National Highway 45 passes through it. With agriculture as its main source of income, As of Government of India 2014 data, Viluppuram had a population of 96253 and the city's literacy rate has been recorded as 90.16% by Census 2011.[3]

In 1919, Viluppuram was officially constituted as a municipality, which today comprises 42 wards, making it the largest town and municipality in Viluppuram district.

History[edit]

In 1677, Shivaji took Gingee area with the assistance of Golkonda forces. Later in 18th century, both the English and French acquired settlements in South Arcot. During the Anglo-French rivalry, the entire district was turned into a war land. After some time, the entire area came under the control of East India Company. It remained under British authority till 1947 when India became independent.[4]

Geography[edit]

Viluppuram is located in 11° 56' N 79° 29' E.[5] which is in the far southeast part of India, situated 160 kilometres (99 mi) south of Chennai, 160 kilometres (99 mi) north of Trichy, 177 kilometres (110 mi) east of Salem, 40 kilometres (25 mi) west of Pondicherry shares the seashore of the Bay of Bengal.[6]

The area contains metamorphic rocks formed by pressure and heat belonging to the granite-like gneiss family. There are also three major groups of sedimentary rocks, layers of particles that settled in different geological periods.[7] Kalrayan Hills [8] forest park is located 116 kilometres (72 mi) to the west and Gingee Hills forest park 50 kilometres (31 mi) to the north. The Thatagiri Murugan Temple is about 191 kilometres (119 mi) to the southeast in Senthamangalam[9] with the Lord Siva temple in Koppampatti 153 kilometres (95 mi) southwest of the town.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Religious census[10]
Religion Percent(%)
Hindu
78.35%
Muslim
14.88%
Christian
6.15%
Jain
0.38%
Sikh
0.02%
Buddhist
0.01%
Other
0.01%
No religion
0.20%

As of the 2011 census, Viluppuram municipality was divided into 44 wards for which elections are held every five years and had a population of 145,874 of which 72,614 were male and 73,260 female. The population of children aged 0–6 was 10,217, which was 10.61% of the total population. The female sex ratio was 1,019 against a state average of 996. The child sex ratio was around 990 compared to the Tamil Nadu state average of 943. The literacy rate of Viluppuram City was 90.16%, higher than the state average of 80.09%. In Viluppuram, male literacy was around 94.93% while female literacy rate was 85.50%.

Out of the total population, 33,597 were engaged in work or business activity. Of this 26,828 were males while 6,769 were females. In census survey, the worker is defined as a person who does business, job or service, and cultivator and labor activity. Of total 33597 working population, 85.69% were engaged in Main Work while 14.31% of total workers were engaged in Marginal Work.[12]

Administration[edit]

Municipality officials
Chairman G. Baskaran[13]
Elected members
Member of Legislative Assembly C. Ve. Shanmugam[14]
Member of Parliament S. Rajendran[15]

Politically, Viluppuram is part of the Villuppuram Lok Sabha constituency and the Viluppuram State Assembly constituency. The municipality was established in 1919 and was upgraded to a second-grade municipality in 1953, the first-grade municipality in 1973, and a selection grade municipality in 1988. It has a population of 145874 (2011 census) and an area of 8.36 square kilometres (3.23 sq mi). The town is divided into 44 wards. The municipal council is composed of 44 ward councilors and is headed by a chairperson elected by voters of the town. Councilors-elect a vice-chairperson among themselves while the executive wing is headed by a commissioner, who is assisted by a team of officials including the health officer, municipal engineer, town planning officer, manager, revenue officer and other staff.

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

Viluppuram is connected by roads to major cities and to the rest of the state. The major national highways of the town are:

Rail[edit]

Viluppuram Railway Junction

Viluppuram has a railway station. It was first built under the British.[citation needed] The Viluppuram Railway Junction at Viluppuram serves as the distribution point of rail traffic from Chennai, the state capital of Tamil Nadu, towards the southern part of the state. It is one of the important junctions in Southern Railway.[21][22] Five railway lines branch out of Viluppuram:

Air[edit]

The nearest airport is Pondicherry Airport[36] at Pondicherry,[37] in Puducherry, approximately 40 km from Viluppuram. Pondicherry Airport is connected to Bangalore by commercial airlines.

The nearest major airport is the Chennai International Airport (MAA), approximately 147 km from the town; the next closest major airport is Tiruchirapalli Airport, approximately 170  km from the town.

Climate[edit]

Since the town is landlocked, the weather in Viluppuram is generally humid and hot. It relies on the monsoon for rain during October, November and December. Summers are very hot, and temperatures can get up to 40 °C (104 °F). Winters are moderate with temperatures ranging between 30 and 35 °C (86 and 95 °F) Viluppuram has a tropical climate. In winter, there is much less rainfall in Viluppuram than in summer. This climate is considered to be Aw according to the Köppen-Geiger climate classification.

The average annual temperature is 28.4 °C (83.1 °F) in Viluppuram with average annual rainfall of 1,046 millimetres (41.2 in). The driest month is March, with 6 millimetres (0.24 in) of rainfall. With an average of 222 millimetres (8.7 in) per annum, the most precipitation falls in October. The warmest month of the year is May, with an average temperature of 32.0 °C (89.6 °F). January has the lowest average temperature of the year at 24.6 °C (76.3 °F)

Climate data for Viluppuram
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28.8
(83.8)
30.6
(87.1)
32.9
(91.2)
34.7
(94.5)
37.1
(98.8)
37.1
(98.8)
34.5
(94.1)
34.8
(94.6)
34.2
(93.6)
32.0
(89.6)
29.5
(85.1)
28.2
(82.8)
32.9
(91.2)
Average low °C (°F) 20.4
(68.7)
20.8
(69.4)
22.7
(72.9)
25.6
(78.1)
27.0
(80.6)
26.9
(80.4)
25.9
(78.6)
25.3
(77.5)
24.9
(76.8)
22.1
(71.8)
22.5
(72.5)
21.2
(70.2)
23.8
(74.8)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 20
(0.79)
7
(0.28)
6
(0.24)
16
(0.63)
40
(1.57)
45
(1.77)
80
(3.15)
149
(5.87)
135
(5.31)
222
(8.74)
216
(8.5)
110
(4.33)
1,046
(41.18)
Source: en.climate-data.org,[38]

The difference in precipitation between the driest month and the wettest month is 216 millimetres (8.5 in). During the year, the average temperatures vary by 7.4 °C (45.3 °F).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Area-wise Population within corporations and municipalities in Tamil Nadu" (XLS). Government Of India. p. 2. Retrieved 2014-02-13.
  2. ^ "Viluppuram, not Villupuram". The Hindu. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  3. ^ "Viluppuram Census 2011".
  4. ^ "History of Viluppuram". Viluppuram Municipality.
  5. ^ "Imperial Gazetteer of India ..." google.com.
  6. ^ a b {{cite and web|url=https://www.google.com/maps/place/Villupuram,+Tamil+Nadu,+India/@11.9766285,79.3158042,10z/data=!3m1!4b1!4m2!3m1!1s0x3a5356ebd4449db7:0xe06a76a0bf5f11a9%7Ctitle=Google Maps|work=Google Maps}}
  7. ^ "TAMILNADU WATER SUPPLY AND DRAINAGE BOARD". twadboard.gov.in.
  8. ^ "Pachaimalai Hills". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 2007. Retrieved 2007-03-15.
  9. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
  10. ^ "Viluppuram Religion Data 2011". Census 2011. 2011.
  11. ^ "historic population" (PDF).
  12. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals – Viluppuram". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  13. ^ "Chairman of Viluppuram". Viluppuram Municipality, Government of Tamil Nadu.
  14. ^ "MLA of Viluppuram". Government of Tamil Nadu. 2011. Retrieved 2012-11-16.
  15. ^ "Members of Lok Sabha from Tamil Nadu". Government of Tamil Nadu. 2014. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
  16. ^ "Chennai-Trichy Six Lane Upgrade". The Hindu. Retrieved 15 July 2014.
  17. ^ "NH 45 Highly Prone to Accidents". The Hindu. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  18. ^ "Viluppuram- Nagapattinam Narrow Highway". The Hindu. Retrieved 23 June 2009.
  19. ^ "Viluppuram- Mangaluru National Highway". The Times Of India. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
  20. ^ "Vikravandi – Thanjavur un-shape highway". Indian Express. Retrieved 21 April 2008.
  21. ^ "Indianrailinfo – Viluppuram Junction Departures". Indianrailinfo. Retrieved 5 July 2014.
  22. ^ "Origins and history of Southern Railway" (PDF). Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  23. ^ R. Rajaram. "More BG sections to be electrified". The Hindu, 20 April 2011. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
  24. ^ "Villupuram District at a Glance". Villupuram district administration. Archived from the original on 26 December 2013. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
  25. ^ "Electrification work from Villupuram to Tiruchi completed: E. Ahamed". The Hindu. 12 January 2010. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  26. ^ R.Rajaram (10 July 2010). "Tiruchi-Chennai line to get decongested". The Hindu. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  27. ^ "Doubling work on 25-km stretch completed in Trichy division". The Times of India. 16 May 2013. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  28. ^ "Kallakudi Palanganatham-Ariyalur railway line nearing completion". The Hindu. 16 August 2013. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  29. ^ "IR History: Early Days – I". Chronology of railways in India, Part 2 (1832 – 1865). Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  30. ^ "IR History: Early Days – II". Chronology of railways in India, Part 2 (1870 – 1899). Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  31. ^ "Passengers seek shuttle train in Villupuram-Katpadi section". The Hindu. Retrieved 27 August 2013.
  32. ^ "Special trains between Katpadi and Villupuram". The Hindu. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
  33. ^ "Residents demand railway station". Puducherry. The Hindu. 6 Jan 2009. Retrieved 2013-04-14.
  34. ^ C., Jaisankar (27 February 2013). "A dream-come-true Railway budget: Union Minister". Puducherry. The Hindu. Retrieved 2013-04-14.
  35. ^ "Bomb scare at railway station". Puducherry. The Hindu. 3 February 2013. Retrieved 2013-04-14.
  36. ^ "Puducherry airport to go on stream in October". The Economic Times. 3 Sep 2011. Retrieved 3 January 2012.
  37. ^ "Flight operations await new terminal". IBN Live. 10 May 2012. Retrieved 3 July 2012.
  38. ^ "Climate:Viluppuram". Retrieved 4 January 2014.

External links[edit]

Villupuram District Viluppuram Junction Villupuram