Vilnius Airport

Coordinates: 54°38′13″N 025°17′16″E / 54.63694°N 25.28778°E / 54.63694; 25.28778
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Vilnius International Airport

Tarptautinis Vilniaus oro uostas
Vilnius-airport logo.svg
Vilnius Airport main entrance.jpg
Airport typePublic
OwnerLithuanian government
OperatorSE "Lithuanian Airports"
ServesVilnius, Lithuania
Hub forairBaltic
Focus city for
Time zoneUTC+2[1] ({{{utc}}})
Elevation AMSL646 ft / 197 m
Coordinates54°38′13″N 025°17′16″E / 54.63694°N 25.28778°E / 54.63694; 25.28778
VNO is located in Vilnius
Location within Vilnius
VNO is located in Lithuania
VNO (Lithuania)
Direction Length Surface
m ft
01/19 2,515 8,250 Asphalt/Concrete
Statistics (2019)
Number of passengers5,004,921
Passenger change 18–19Increase1.7%
Aircraft movements47,440
Movements change 18–19Increase0.5%
Cargo (tonnes)13,974
Cargo change 18–19Increase9.4%
Source: Lithuanian Airports, 2020[2]

Vilnius International Airport (IATA: VNO, ICAO: EYVI) (Lithuanian: Vilniaus oro uostas) is the airport of Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania. It is located 5.9 km (3.7 mi) south[3] of the city center. It is the largest of the three commercial airports in Lithuania by passenger traffic. With one runway and 5 million passengers a year.[2] Vilnius International Airport serves as a base for airBaltic, Ryanair, and Wizz Air. The airport is managed by state-owned enterprise Lithuanian Airports under the Ministry of Transport and Communications.[4]


Early years[edit]

The opening of the Warsaw-Vilnius-Riga-Tallinn airline on August 17, 1932

The airport began operations on 17 August 1932 as Wilno–Porubanek, Porubanek was the name of the neighbouring village which today is part of the Kirtimai district of Vilnius. Before World War II, it operated the then-domestic route between Wilno (Vilnius) and Warsaw as well as international route to Riga. Since 15 April 1939, it inaugurated a new route to Kovno (nowadays Kaunas). The airport was used as a military airfield during WWII. The airport resumed its activity as a civil airport as of 17 July 1944.[5]

Recent developments[edit]

Lithuanian Airlines (branded later as FlyLAL) was established as the Lithuanian flag carrier following independence in 1991 and inherited the Vilnius-based Aeroflot fleet of Tupolev Tu-134, Yakovlev Yak-40, Yak-42 and Antonov An-24, An-26 aircraft, but rapidly replaced these Soviet-era aircraft types with modern Boeing 737 and Boeing 757 jets and Saab 340, Saab 2000 turboprops. Operations were suspended effective 17 January 2009 as a result of growing financial difficulties. With the collapse of flyLAL, the airport lost its scheduled services to Amsterdam, Budapest, Istanbul, Madrid and Tbilisi. flyLAL used to operate to Dublin, Frankfurt, London, Milan and Paris in competition with Aer Lingus, airBaltic or Lufthansa.[citation needed]

AirBaltic, the national airline of Latvia and under Scandinavian Airlines part-ownership, opened up a second base at Vilnius in 2004 to complement its Riga operation and became the largest carrier at Vilnius, using Boeing 737 jets and Fokker 50 turboprops. At one point, airBaltic operated to 19 destinations from Vilnius but, in 2009, the network covered only three destinations served by two aircraft based at Vilnius.[citation needed]

Vilnius Airport is the main hub for Grand Cru Airlines and a base for Wizz Air. It used to be a main hub for Star1 Airlines until their end of operations in September 2010 and Aurela until Aurela had lost its flight license. It was the hub for Small Planet Airlines and Aviavilsa until both airlines folded. The airport was a secondary hub for airBaltic, Estonian Air and Skyways Express until they closed the bases in Vilnius.[citation needed]

On 30 June 2013, Air Lituanica also began its flights from the Vilnius Airport and established its base there serving several European cities. However, by 22 May 2015, the airline shut down all operations as well.[6]

The airport was closed for 35 days from 14 July 2017 to 17 August 2017 (inclusive) for runway reconstruction work, with all flights diverted to Kaunas Airport.[7][8]


The construction of the airport building started in 1949 and completed in 1954.[5] It features a standard 1950s Soviet airport terminal design, originally intended for an airport with up to 20 aircraft movements per day. On the outside, it is decorated with sculptures of soldiers, workers and aviators, while inside walls and ceilings feature wreaths, bay leaves and stars, and until the early 1990s, the Soviet hammer and sickle, typical decor for Soviet public buildings of early post-war years.[citation needed]

A new departure terminal, connected with the old building, was built in 1993.[9] Since then, the old building has been used as the arrival terminal only.[5]

In November 2007, the new 1,000 m2 (11,000 sq ft) terminal building was opened for operations which improved the capacity and facilities of the airport and complies with the requirements of the Schengen agreement.[citation needed] The passenger throughput of the terminal increased, passenger service quality was improved and more stringent aviation security measures were implemented. The new area of the renovated passenger terminal now reaches 3,462 m2 (37,260 sq ft). It is equipped with 6 passenger boarding bridges, modern passenger check-in equipment, new travel value and duty-free shops were opened as well as business lounge and VIP Lounge.[10]

New departure terminal[edit]

Construction of a new departure terminal at Vilnius Airport started in January 2023. After the completion of this 14,400 sq. m. terminal, the total area of Vilnius Airport passenger terminals will increase by a third, and passenger throughput will double – from 1,200 passengers per hour to 2,400. In parallel with the construction of the new terminal, a redevelopment of road infrastructure will also be carried out: engineering networks will be updated, the coating will be changed, roofs will be installed and a new, much more permeable transport scheme will be created. The terminal was scheduled to open in early 2025 and with a projected cost 50.2 million euros.[11]

Airlines and destinations[edit]


The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Vilnius:

airBaltic[12] Amsterdam, Berlin,[13] Brussels (resumes 30 October 2023),[14] Málaga,[15] Munich, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Riga, Tallinn
Seasonal: Dubai–International (begins 1 November 2023),[16] Dubrovnik, Hamburg,[17] Heraklion,[18] Nice,[19] Palma de Mallorca,[20] Tenerife–South (begins 31 October 2023),[21] Turin (begins 23 December 2023)[22]
Austrian Airlines[23] Seasonal: Vienna
Avion Express[24] Seasonal charter: Antalya,[24] Barcelona,[24] Burgas,[24] Catania,[24] Enfidha,[24] Faro,[24] Funchal,[24] Gazipaşa,[24] Heraklion,[24] Hurghada,[24] Lamezia Terme,[24] Málaga,[24] Rhodes, [24] Sharm El Sheikh, [24] Tenerife–South,[24] Tivat,[24] Varna[24]
Brussels Airlines[25] Seasonal: Brussels
Buzz Seasonal charter: Tirana[26]
Enter Air[26] Seasonal charter: Funchal
Finnair Helsinki
Freebird Airlines[27] Seasonal charter: Antalya
GetJet Airlines[28] Seasonal charter: Antalya,[28] Batumi,[28] Bodrum,[28] Burgas,[28] Gazipaşa,[28] Heraklion,[28] Hurghada,[28] Palma de Mallorca,[28] Sharm El Sheikh,[28] Varna[28]
LOT Polish Airlines London–City, Warsaw–Chopin
Seasonal charter: Kavala (begins 11 June 2023)[26]
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Norwegian Air Shuttle[29] Oslo, Stockholm–Arlanda
Ryanair[30] Barcelona, Beauvais, Bergamo, Berlin, Billund, Bremen, Dublin, Eindhoven, London–Luton, London–Stansted, Malta, Nuremberg, Oslo, Rome–Fiumicino,[30] Tel Aviv, Treviso, Turin,[31] Vienna
Seasonal: Athens, Corfu, Hahn, Varna[32]
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Stockholm–Arlanda
Smartwings[26] Seasonal charter: Marsa Alam, Zakynthos
SkyUp[33] Seasonal charter: Antalya, Hurghada, Sharm El Sheikh
SunExpress[34] Seasonal charter: Antalya
Swiss International Air Lines[35] Zürich
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Seasonal charter: Antalya
Wizz Air[36] Barcelona, Beauvais, Dortmund, Eindhoven, Kutaisi, Larnaca, London–Luton, Málaga (begins 10 July 2023),[37] Milan–Malpensa, Reykjavik–Keflavik, Rome–Fiumicino,[38] Sandefjord, Tel Aviv
Seasonal: Grenoble,[39] Nice, Split


DHL Aviation[40] Leipzig/Halle, Riga
Turkish Cargo[41] Istanbul, Prague


Interior of the historic entrance hall
Departures area
Control tower

Passenger traffic[edit]

Passengers at Vilnius Airport. See Wikidata query.

"Vilnius airport statistics".

Annual traffic[edit]

Annual Passenger Traffic[42]
Year Passengers % Change Change
2022 3,915,870 Increase 106.23% Increase 2,017,053
2021 1,898,817 Increase 44.68% Increase 585,349
2020 1,312,468 Decrease 73.78% Decrease 3,692,453
2019 5,004,921 Increase 1.7% Increase 81,972
2018 4,922,949 Increase 30.9% Increase 1,161,112
2017 3,761,837 Decrease 1.4% Decrease 52,164
2016 3,814,001 Increase 14.3% Increase 477,917
2015 3,336,084 Increase 13.4% Increase 393,414
2014 2,942,670 Increase 10.6% Increase 280,801
2013 2,661,869 Increase 20.6% Increase 453,773
2012 2,208,096 Increase 28.9% Increase 495,629
2011 1,712,467 Increase 24.7% Increase 338,608
2010 1,373,859 Increase 5.0% Increase 65,227
2009 1,308,632 Decrease 36.1% Decrease 739,807
2008 2,048,439 Increase 19.3% Increase 331,217
2007 1,717,222 Increase 18.3% Increase 265,754
2006 1,451,468 Increase 13.2% Increase 169,596
2005 1,281,872 Increase 33.0% Increase 317,708
2004 964,164 Steady Steady

Busiest routes[edit]

Top 20 busiest routes from Vilnius in 2022[43]
Rank Airport Passengers Airlines
1 Turkey Antalya 341,291 Avion Express, Freebird Airlines, GetJet Airlines, SkyUp, SunExpress, Turkish Airlines
2 Poland Warsaw-Chopin 214,147 LOT Polish Airlines,
3 United Kingdom London-Luton 209,500 Ryanair, Wizz Air
4 Latvia Riga 164,544 airBaltic
5 Norway Oslo 161,279 Ryanair, Norwegian Air Shuttle
6 Germany Frankfurt 151,365 Lufthansa
7 Turkey Istanbul 125,173 Turkish Airlines
8 United Kingdom London-Stansted 118,649 Ryanair, Wizz Air
9 Italy Bergamo 103,075 Ryanair
10 Finland Helsinki 101,065 Finnair
11 Netherlands Eindhoven 98,714 Ryanair, Wizz Air
12 Republic of Ireland Dublin 92,550 Ryanair
13 Sweden Stockholm-Arlanda 85,397 Norwegian Air Shuttle, Scandinavian Airlines
14 Germany Berlin 78,872 airBaltic, Ryanair
15 Netherlands Amsterdam 73,214 airBaltic
16 France Beauvais 72,282 Ryanair, Wizz Air
17 Denmark Copenhagen 71,713 Scandinavian Airlines
18 Denmark Billund 69,313 Ryanair
19 Spain Barcelona 63,241 Wizz Air, Ryanair
20 Greece Heraklion 59,690 airBaltic, Avion Express, GetJet Airlines

Most frequent routes[edit]

Top 10 most frequent routes from Vilnius as of April 2023[44]
Rank City Flights per week
1 Poland Warsaw Chopin ~30
2 Latvia Riga ~27
3 Finland Helsinki ~22
4 Turkey Istanbul ~16
5 Sweden Stockholm Arlanda ~14
6 Denmark Copenhagen ~14
7 United Kingdom London Luton ~12
8 Norway Oslo Gardermoen ~11
9 Germany Frankfurt ~11
10 Austria Vienna ~7

Ground transportation[edit]

Vilnius airport railway station
The bus connecting the airport with Vilnius


Direct train services between Vilnius Airport Railway Station (referred to as "Oro uostas" in the schedules) and the central station of Vilnius were started in October 2008. Distance from the Airport to the Vilnius Central Railway Station (LTG Link) is 4.3 kilometres (2.7 mi), the journey takes 8 minutes.


The direct intercity express services operate from the Airport to Klaipėda, Palanga, Minsk and Daugavpils. Also, the Latvian company operates service from Vilnius airport to Riga (via Panevėžys and Bauska).[45]

Public transportation[edit]

City's public buses operate from the airport. Tickets can be bought from: Trafi, M.Ticket. Also, the company Toks transports passengers from the bus station to Vilnius airport and back by microbuses.[45]

Aviation services[edit]

Passenger handling, aircraft handling, into-plane fueling and de-icing/anti-icing services are handled by BGS and Litcargus.[46]

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • Scandinavian Airlines Flight 2748, operated with Dash-8-400 (LN-RDS) with 48 passengers and 4 crew members, took off from Copenhagen Airport on 12 September 2007. It was heading to Palanga, Lithuania, but was diverted to Vilnius Airport (better suited for an emergency landing) when landing gear problems were discovered before landing. Upon touchdown, the right landing gear collapsed. All passengers and crew were evacuated safely. The local officials at the Vilnius International Airport noted that this was the most serious incident in recent years. This accident, along with the Aalborg accident just days earlier, caused all SAS Dash 8 Q400 planes to be grounded until the beginning of October.
  • On 23 May 2021, Ryanair Flight 4978, operated using a Boeing 737-8AS with 171 passengers on board, traveling in Belarusian airspace en route from Athens to Vilnius, was intercepted by a Belarusian MiG-29 before it could reach Lithuanian airspace. It was then forced to land at Minsk National Airport. Upon landing, the Belarusian KGB arrested two of the passengers, opposition activist Roman Protasevich and his girlfriend Sofia Sapega. The other passengers were allowed to reboard the plane to depart for Vilnius after seven hours.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Current Local Time in Vilnius, Lithuania".
  2. ^ a b "VNO". Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  3. ^ "EAD Basic". Retrieved 24 May 2014.
  4. ^ "Institutions and Enterprises under the Regulation of the Ministry". (in Lithuanian). Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  5. ^ a b c "Vilnius International Airport - Istorija". Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  6. ^ "Air Lituanica ceases operations". ch-aviation. Retrieved 8 August 2015.
  7. ^ "Reconstruction of the runway of Vilnius Airport". Vilnius Airport.
  8. ^ "Vilnius Airport to be closed for a renovation until Aug. 17". The Seattle Times. 13 July 2017.
  9. ^ "By plane | How to arrive | Learn | iVilnius - Vilnius city guide". iVilnius - Vilnius city guide. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  10. ^ "Vilnius Airport will have a new passenger terminal". (in Lithuanian). Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  11. ^ "Vilnius Airport begins construction of new €50m terminal". 31 January 2023. Retrieved 2 February 2023.
  12. ^ "Riga to Vilnius". Retrieved 23 November 2022.
  13. ^ "AirBaltic NW22 Network Changes – 04SEP22".
  14. ^ "Airbaltic 2023 Winter New Routes - 11MAY23". AirBaltic. Retrieved 11 May 2023.
  15. ^ "Air Baltic verbindet Hannover mit Riga". 28 September 2022.
  16. ^ "Airbaltic 2023 Winter New Routes - 11MAY23". AirBaltic. Retrieved 11 May 2023.
  17. ^ "airBaltic NS23 Network Adjustment – 28SEP22". AeroRoutes. Retrieved 23 November 2022.
  18. ^ "Air Baltic verbindet Hannover mit Riga". 28 September 2022.
  19. ^ "Air Baltic verbindet Hannover mit Riga". 28 September 2022.
  20. ^ "Air Baltic verbindet Hannover mit Riga". 28 September 2022.
  21. ^ "Airbaltic 2023 Winter New Routes - 11MAY23". AirBaltic. Retrieved 11 May 2023.
  22. ^ "Airbaltic 2023 Winter New Routes - 11MAY23". AirBaltic. Retrieved 11 May 2023.
  23. ^ "Austrian Airlines opens seven new destinations next summer". Austrian Airlines. 9 November 2022. Archived from the original on 9 November 2022. Retrieved 23 November 2022.
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "Novaturas Flights en". Novaturas flights. 10 April 2023.
  25. ^ "Brussels Airlines to suspend Vilnius-Brussels flights during winter season". 15 September 2022.
  26. ^ a b c d "Our directions".
  27. ^ "Coral Travel skrydžių tvarkaraštis". 10 April 2023.
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Tez Tour užsakomųjų skrydžių bilietai". 4 September 2022.
  29. ^ "Flights from Vilnius". Norwegian. 23 November 2022. Retrieved 23 November 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  30. ^ a b "Ryanair". Retrieved 23 November 2022.
  31. ^ ""Ryanair" skelbia naują kryptį: Iš Vilniaus skraidys į Turiną". 8 June 2022.
  32. ^ "Ryanair NS23 Network Additions – 05DEC22".
  33. ^ "JoinUP flight schedule".
  34. ^ "SunExpress to launch 3 new destinations to Baltics - Latest News".
  35. ^ "Swiss expands network for summer 2022".
  36. ^ "WIZZ – Dream more. Live more. Be more".
  37. ^ "Wizz Air annuncia tre nuove rotte. Una e' dall'Italia". 23 February 2023.
  38. ^ "Wizz Air porta a 11 gli aerei a Roma Fiumicino. 7 a Milano Malpensa". 10 January 2023.
  39. ^ "WIZZ – Dream more. Live more. Be more".
  40. ^ "European Air Transport Leipzig". DHL. 23 November 2022. Retrieved 23 November 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  41. ^ "Flight Schedule". Retrieved 23 November 2022.
  42. ^ "VNO". Retrieved 6 February 2020.
  43. ^ "Air passenger transport between the main airports of Lithuania and their main partner airports".
  44. ^ Flightradar24. "Live Flight Tracker - Real-Time Flight Tracker Map". Flightradar24. Retrieved 30 August 2022.
  45. ^ a b "Vilnius International Airport - Train / Bus". Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  46. ^ "European Ground Handling". Airline Ground Services. Retrieved 20 June 2019.

External links[edit]

Media related to Vilnius International Airport at Wikimedia Commons