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Location in India
|Talukas||Gingee, Thindivanam, Vanur, Viluppuram,|
|• Collector||Dr. L. Subramanian, IAS|
|• Total||4,194 km2 (1,619 sq mi)|
|• Density||820/km2 (2,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
604xxx, 6056xx, 6062xx
|Telephone code||04146, 04147, 04149, 04151, 04153|
Viluppuram (also Villupuram or Vizhupuram) is one of the 33 districts which makes up the state of Tamil Nadu, situated on the southern tip of India with headquarters in the Viluppuram district. It was founded on September 30, 1993 and was once part of the South Arcot district. Viluppuram lies between the national highways of Tiruchirappalli and Chennai. Viluppuram is well-connected by rail and road. Viluppuram has several tourist spots which have been operational for over 500 years such as Gingee Fort.
Viluppuram district was formerly a part of South Arcot District along with Cuddalore District. It was then bifurcated from Cuddalore and made a separate district on 30th September, 1993. As a result, the Viluppuram district's history closely resembles that of Cuddalore's. The Cholas were among the earliest rulers, the most influential being Karikala Chola. Simhavishnu Pallava overthrew the Cholas, and for a short time, the region came under Pallava rule. Vijayalaya Chola restored the rule of Chola, marking the beginning of the great Chola Empire.
With the rise of Jatavarman Sundara Pandya I (1251 A.D), Chola supremacy came to an end. The Pandya Dynasty rule lasted more than 50 years, followed by Muslim domination from 1334 A.D. to 1378 A.D. By 1378 A.D., the region came under the rule of Vijayanagara Empire, and Nayaks were appointed rulers of the region.
In 1677, Shivaji took Gingee area with the help of Golkonda forces. Then came the reign of Mughals during which both the English and French acquired settlements in South Arcot District. The entire district became a war zone during the Anglo-French rivalry and subsequently came under the control of the East India Company. It remained under British authority until the independence of India in 1947.
In 2006, the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Viluppuram one of the 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640) in the country. It is one of the six districts in Tamil Nadu currently receiving funding from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Program (BRGF).
Viluppuram district has 13 taluks.
According to 2011 census, Viluppuram district had a population of 3,458,873 with a sex-ratio of 987 females per 1,000 males, well above the national average of 929. A total of 404,106 residents were under the age of six, constituting 208,246 males and 195,860 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 29.37% and 2.16% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the district was 63.48%, compared to the national average of 72.99%. The district had a total of 800,368 households. There were a total of 1,703,249 workers, including 322,900 farmers, 537,581 farm workers, 23,961 in household industries, 376,360 other workers, 442,447 marginal workers, 46,746 marginal farmers, 294,632 marginal farm workers, 14,276 marginal workers in household industries and 86,793 other marginal workers.
Nestled on three hills and enclosed by a huge 60-foot rampart, stands the Gingee Fort.
It is 800 feet tall and is guarded by an 80-foot wide moat. Much of the early history of the fort is shrouded in mystery, as it changed hands many times before being annexed to the Vijayanagar empire.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Viluppuram district.|
- "www.tn.gov.in" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 12 September 2012. Retrieved 18 December 2011.
- "History of Viluppuram". Viluppuram Municipality. Archived from the original on 3 November 2015. Retrieved 6 November 2015.
- Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
- "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Archived from the original on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Viluppuram district". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 26 January 2014.