Vincent & Theo
|Vincent & Theo|
DVD cover art (2005)
|Directed by||Robert Altman|
|Produced by||Ludi Boeken and David Conroy|
|Written by||Julian Mitchell|
|Music by||Gabriel Yared|
|2 November 1990|
200 minutes (broadcast)|
138 minutes (theatrical)
|Box office||$2.2 million|
Vincent & Theo is a 1990 biographical drama film about the Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh (1853–1890) and his brother Theo (1857–1891), who was an art dealer. While Vincent Van Gogh's artworks are now famous, he was essentially unrecognised in his lifetime, and survived on his brother's charity. The film was directed by Robert Altman, and starred Tim Roth and Paul Rhys in the title roles.
The film was made as a four-hour mini-series (200-minute length) for television, and a 138-minute version was released to theatres.
Vincent & Theo has a prelude, which is documentary footage of the 1987 auction of one of Vincent van Gogh's paintings at Christie's, a famed London art business. The painting sells for millions of pounds. The film then cuts to scenes that take place in the period from 1883 through 1891, commencing with Vincent van Gogh's decision to work exclusively as an artist, and concluding with his death and that of his brother Theo a few months later. The film is a double portrait of both men; Noel Murray has summarised this aspect, "Altman and screenwriter Julian Mitchell contrast Theo's life—which mostly consists of him guiding rich people through galleries and selling them paintings he despises—with Vincent's gradual development of his own voice and style, through hard physical labor. Vincent & Theo also shows both men as warped by a similar madness, torn between their lusts for sex and alcohol, and their yearnings for social respectability and religious connection."
The film portrays several of the better-known episodes of this period of the brothers' lives, including Vincent van Gogh's move from his brother's apartment in Paris to Provence, Theo van Gogh's establishment of an art gallery in Paris and his marriage to Jo Bonger, Vincent van Gogh's relationship with the painter Paul Gauguin in Provence, his mutilation of his earlobe, the birth of their son Vincent Willem to Johanna and Theo van Gogh, Vincent van Gogh's care by the physician Paul Gachet, and his ultimate suicide.
While the roles of the van Gogh brothers were played by British actors Tim Roth and Paul Rhys, the remaining Dutch and French roles were generally played by Dutch and French actors.
- Tim Roth as Vincent van Gogh. Through the 1980s, Roth had maintained dual careers as a stage and film actor in Britain. Following his success in Vincent & Theo, Roth established a career in the United States with prominent roles in Quentin Tarantino's films Reservoir Dogs (1992) and Pulp Fiction (1994).
- Paul Rhys as Theo Van Gogh
- Kitty Courbois as Anna van Gogh (the sister of Vincent and Theo van Gogh)
- Johanna ter Steege as Jo Bonger
- Wladimir Yordanoff as Paul Gauguin
- Adrian Brine as Uncle Cent (Vincent (Cent) van Gogh, the uncle of Vincent and Theo van Gogh)
- Jip Wijngaarden as Sien Hoornik
- Hans Kesting as Andries Bonger (Johanna Bonger's brother)
- Jean-Pierre Cassel as Paul Gachet
- Bernadette Giraud as Marguerite Gachet
- Anne Canovas as Marie
- Jean-Denis Monory as Émile Bernard
- Peter Tuinman as Anton Mauve
- Vincent Vallier as René Valadon
- Jean-François Perrier as Leon Boussod
- Jean-Pierre Castaldi as Father Tanguy
- Féodor Atkine as Dr. Peyron
Julian Mitchell was the screenwriter for Vincent & Theo; he was known at the time for his play Another Country (1981) and its film adaptation (1984). Vincent van Gogh's life has been portrayed many times. Mitchell's screenplay is unusual in its concentration upon the relationship of Vincent and Theo van Gogh. Gary Giddins notes that "most of the film (and this is strictly true for the first hour) alternates episodes from Vincent's life with those from Theo's. ... there isn't much serenity in either of their lives, and perhaps the most disturbing element of Vincent & Theo is the reluctance to extend any hope to them. ... Vincent & Theo is less concerned with stockpiling facts than canvassing an accumulation of insights through the crafting of a time, place, and mood that allows the van Goghs to leap out of history in all their ungainly glory."
The production design for Vincent & Theo was done by Stephen Altman, the director's son. Noel Murray wrote in 2015, "Altman's production-designer son Stephen—the unsung hero of his later films—could almost be credited as the co-author of Vincent & Theo for how well he recreates late-19th-century Europe in both its tactile grime and its old world quaintness. The Altmans bring Van Gogh's subjects back to life."
The composer Gabriel Yared had previously worked with Altman on the film Beyond Therapy (1987). For that film as well as for Vincent & Theo, Yared composed "away from the film", with only a screenplay and general guidance from Altman. He himself considered the score to be "maybe the most creative music he had done". Several critics have remarked favourably on his "compulsive", "vexing" score that "finely underscores the underlying testy dynamics of living only for art." Yared's 1996 score for The English Patient won an Academy Award and a BAFTA Award.
The editing of Vincent & Theo produced two versions of the film: the 200 minute television version, and the 138 minute theatrical version. Altman was working in France, apparently with Françoise Coispeau, and wanted a second editor who was a native English speaker. He had met Geraldine Peroni in 1984 when she was an assistant editor on his earlier film O.C. and Stiggs. Vincent & Theo became her second credit as editor. She ultimately edited seven further films with Altman, and for their next film, the highly successful The Player (1992), Altman was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Director and Peroni was nominated for Best Film Editing.
Robert Altman's films are well known for "overlapping" sound editing of dialogue in which several voices and background sounds are combined to create a naturalistic effect. Conventional sound editing presents the main speaker's voice prominently. The dialogue editing in Vincent & Theo is fairly conventional, but there is one exception at the beginning of the film that has been noted by several critics. The first scene of the films shows the 1987 auction of a van Gogh painting. There is then a cut to a scene with the impoverished van Gogh brothers that takes place a century earlier, but the sound from the auction continues after the cut and is blended with the dialogue for about 30 seconds.
Vincent & Theo received positive reviews from critics, and in 2016 the review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes gave the film an 88% rating based on 26 reviews. In 1990, Peter Travers wrote that the film "is an Altman masterpiece." while Owen Gleiberman wrote "Vincent & Theo looks and feels like a half-baked PBS drama, and at two hours and 20 minutes the movie is hopelessly plodding." In 2015 Noel Murray wrote, "Vincent & Theo masterfully illustrates the way artists enjoy the power to transform real life into a thing of beauty."
Reviewers have commented on the successes of Tim Roth and of Paul Rhys in their roles as Vincent and Theo van Gogh. An unsigned review in Variety noted "Tim Roth powerfully conveys Vincent's heroic, obsessive concentration on his work, and then resultant loneliness and isolation." The same reviewer wrote "Paul Rhys skillfully inhabits a character even more wretchedly unhappy than his brother, who at least has the consolation of his art, and Theo’s own incipient madness gives the film much of its unsettling tone." Desson Thomson wrote, "As Vincent, Tim Roth is, without a doubt, the best thing about this movie ... presents a soft-souled, black-toothed, endearingly tormented artist, willing to take his work as far as it can go." Roger Ebert wrote "here is Robert Altman's Vincent and Theo, another film that generates the feeling that we are in the presence of a man in the act of creation."
Vincent & Theo opens with historical footage of the March 1987 auction at Christie's of Vincent van Gogh's painting Vase with Fifteen Sunflowers for a record-breaking price. The later scene of Vincent van Gogh attempting to paint sunflowers a century before the auction has been noted by several critics. Peter Rainer wrote in 1990 that "The scene where he destroys his canvasses in a field of sunflowers has an almost oracular power. In moments like these Altman gets so far inside Vincent's impacted agonies that the effect is almost dizzying." Roger Ebert wrote of "a remarkable scene in a field of sunflowers, where, as van Gogh paints, Altman's camera darts restlessly, aggressively, at the flowers, turning them from passive subjects into an alien hostile environment. The film is able to see the sunflowers as Altman believed van Gogh saw them."
Vincent & Theo in Robert Altman's career
Robert Altman has been included on several lists of the greatest directors. He was nearly unknown as a feature film director when, at 45 years old, he directed the 1970 film MASH, which was popular, very profitable, and widely appreciated by critics. He then directed a series of critically successful films in the 1970s, of which the best known is probably Nashville (1975). Few were profitable, and following Popeye (1980) he had largely lost his access to major funding for feature films. The 1980s became a decade during which Altman "worked small" on low-budget films and returned to his roots directing for television. Released in 1990, Vincent and Theo was "something of a love child of TV and the movies"; conceived as a television miniseries, Altman secured a deal in which he would simultaneously make a version for theatrical release. Of his three dozen or so feature films, Vincent & Theo, Secret Honor (1984), and the very early The James Dean Story (1957) are the only biographical films.
Vincent & Theo was widely praised by critics and sufficiently promising that Altman was then able to secure financing for The Player (1992). The Player was both profitable and critically successful. The film was nominated for the BAFTA Award for Best Film, Altman won the BAFTA Award for Directing and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Director. Following its success Altman was able to secure financing for nine films from Short Cuts (1993) through his final film, A Prairie Home Companion (2006).
There have been many releases of Vincent & Theo to home media. The first home media release was in 1990, which is the same year that the film was televised and released to theatres. The theatrical version (138 minutes) was released as a region 2 DVD in 2004 in the United Kingdom. The theatrical version (138 minutes) was released as a region 1 DVD in 2015 in the United States. A US DVD release in 2005 included a featurette "Film as Fine Art" (24 minutes) with Robert and Stephen Altman; this featurette has not been included in later releases.
The entire television version (200 minutes) was released as a pair of region 2 DVD disks in 2007 in the United Kingdom; this release also includes a program on the making of the film that was broadcast on The South Bank Show in the United Kingdom in 1990. This version had not been released in the US as of 2015.
- List of cultural depictions of Vincent van Gogh
- Lust for Life, directed by Vincente Minnelli and starring Kirk Douglas, is a 1956 film about Vincent van Gogh with which Vincent & Theo is often compared. Gary Giddins compares the two films in some detail.
- Vincent is a 1987 documentary by Paul Cox; critic Dennis Schwartz wrote in 2007 that, "It's an unforgettable film experience from an artist who understands and appreciates the artist he's depicting."
- Vincent & Theo at Box Office Mojo
- Vincent & Theo (DVD (region 2)). Middlesex: Belbo films. 2007. OCLC 320373206. The release also contains a 35-minute program on Robert Altman and Vincent and Theo that was broadcast on The South Bank Show on 22 April 1990. The program features extended interviews with Altman and screenwriter Julian Mitchell. See "The South Bank Show (a Subjects & Air Dates Guide)". epguides. Retrieved 28 April 2016..
- Murray, Noel (30 March 2015). "Vincent & Theo". The Dissolve. Archived from the original on 7 April 2016.
When The Player came out in 1992, it was greeted as a welcome comeback for director Robert Altman, who spent much of the previous decade working small—making filmed plays instead of the ambitious, character-heavy genre reinventions he'd been known for in the 1970s. But Altman actually reclaimed his critics' darling status two years earlier with Vincent & Theo, a luminous biopic about painter Vincent Van Gogh (played by Tim Roth) and his art-dealer brother (Paul Rhys).
- Routledge, Chris. "Tim Roth – Actors and Actresses". filmreference.com. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
His much-lauded performance was the beginning of a new phase in Roth's career, and although he visits Britain about twice a year, since 1992 he has been based permanently in the United States.
- Giddins, Gary (1996). "Buffalo Bob and the van Goghs (Robert Altman)". Faces in the Crowd: Musicians, Writers, Actors & Filmmakers. Da Capo Press. p. 59. ISBN 9780306807053.
Vincent & Theo also ignores information that would provide a deeper understanding, all of it covered by Minnelli. We hear little of the van Gogh parents, and nothing of Vincent's ruinous love for his cousin Kee or his ministerial labors in the Borinage.
- Laing, Heather (2007). Gabriel Yared's 'The English Patient': A Film Score Guide. Scarecrow Press. p. 8. ISBN 9781461658818.
- Andrew, Geoff. "Vincent & Theo". Time Out (London).
Best of all is Altman's simple, uncluttered direction, which makes sensitive use of a strong cast, Jean Lepine's evocative location photography, and Gabriel Yared's compulsive music. Nowhere does Altman sermonise about the artist's greatness; his achievement is allowed to speak for itself. If only more film-makers had such confidence and integrity.
- Schwartz, Dennis (1 September 2013). "Vincent & Theo". Ozus' World Movie Reviews.
Jean Lepine's lush photography makes the pic look like a work of art, while Gabriel Yared's vexing score finely underscores the underlying testy dynamics of living only for art.
- Thompson, David (2011). Altman on Altman. Faber & Faber. ISBN 9780571261642.
- Sloman, Tony (31 August 2004). "Geraldine Peroni Obituary: Oscar-nominated film editor on 'The Player'". The Independent. Archived from the original on 28 August 2008.
- Murray, Noel (23 June 2011). "Primer: Robert Altman". A.V. Club. Onion, Inc.
- Smith, Jeff (2015). "The Auteur Renaissance 1968–1980". In Kalinak, Kathryn. Sound: Dialogue, Music, and Effects. Rutgers University Press. p. 107. ISBN 9780813575513.
- Kempley, Rita (16 November 1990). "'Vincent & Theo' (PG-13)". The Washington Post.
- Erickson, Glenn (8 June 2015). "DVD Savant Blu-ray Review: Vincent & Theo". DVD Savant.
As far as Hollywood is concerned the Vincent Van Gogh story began and ended with Vincente Minnelli's 1956 Lust for Life, in which Kirk Douglas plays the artist as a frantic, frustrated powerhouse.
- Vincent & Theo at Rotten Tomatoes
- Travers, Peter (2 November 1990). "Vincent & Theo". Rolling Stone.
This film, about Vincent van Gogh and his art-gallery manager brother, could easily have been one of those painfully earnest biographies of great men. Fortunately, the director is Robert Altman (M*A*S*H, Nashville, Three Women and TV's Tanner '88), and he doesn't go in for earnest. He prefers bold, innovative and provocative. That applies to his successes as well as his misfires (Beyond Therapy, Quintet and Popeye). This time, the risks pay off.
- Gleiberman, Owen (2 November 1990). "Vincent & Theo". Entertainment Weekly.
- "Review: 'Vincent & Theo'". Variety. 31 December 1989.
Bearing little resemblance to the glamorised, overheated Vincente Minnelli 1956 biopic Lust for Life, this masterwork operates in the intimate, thoughtful vein of the great BBC bios of artistic figures.
- Howe, Desson (16 November 1990). "'Vincent & Theo' (PG-13)". The Washington Post. Howe changed his last name to Thomson after this review was written.
- Ebert, Roger (16 November 1990). "Movie Review: Vincent & Theo". Chicago Sun-Times.
- Niemi, Robert (2013). Inspired by True Events: An Illustrated Guide to More Than 500 History-Based Films, 2nd Edition. ABC-CLIO. p. 376. ISBN 9781610691987.
- Rainer, Peter (16 November 1990). "Movie Review: 'Vincent & Theo': Unfinished Portrait of an Artist". Los Angeles Times.
Altman isn't interested in the usual "Masterpiece Theatre" bio-pic approach; this is not his version of "Lust for Life."
- Tim Dirks has compiled several lists of the greatest directors. For Altman's listings, see Dirks, Tim. "Greatest Film Directors". filmsite.org. Retrieved 30 April 2016.
- Kelleher, Ed (1 November 1990). "Buying and Booking Guide: Vincent & Theo". The Film Journal. 93 (10): 38–39.
Powerfully realized study of Vincent van Gogh and his brother Theo marks a return to the mainstream arena for director Robert Altman. Brilliantly acted, splendid film fare should be welcomed in specialty houses and beyond.Review written for theater operators that noted Altman's exile from US filmmaking in the 1980s, and speculated that Vincent & Theo would re-establish Altman's career in the US.
- Vincent & Theo (VHS cassettes). London: IBA. 1990. OCLC 779026110. Approximately 120 minutes (two cassettes).
- Vincent & Theo (DVD (region 2)). Odyssey. 2004. OCLC 62079045.
- Vincent & Theo (DVD (region 1)). Olive films. 2015. ISBN 9780792867890. OCLC 904729371.
- Vincent & Theo (DVD (region 1)). MGM Home Entertainment. 2005. OCLC 61243596.
- Ryan, Desmond (19 December 1990). "Van Gogh's Agonized Genius, In Close-up". The Philadelphia Inquirer.
Altman is not the slightest bit interested in a pat portrait of the artist, and he hardly defers to the conventions of screen biography. (In the case of van Gogh, that more predictable and safer route was pursued with intelligence and taste in 1956 in Vincente Minnelli's Lust for Life.)
- Schwartz, Dennis (26 August 2007). "Vincent". Ozus' World Movie Reviews.
- The University of Michigan houses the Robert Altman Collection, which includes the "Vincent & Theo Series". The series includes the differing scripts for the television and theatrical versions. See "Robert Altman Collection. Projects: 1990s". University of Michigan. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
- Kael, Pauline (19 November 1990). "Vincent & Theo". The New Yorker. pp. 130–133. (Subscription required (. ))
It's a movie about two sensualists made by a sensualist, who understands that their bond of love of art is also a bond of shared rage at the world of commerce. This daring film works on its own relentless, celebratory terms.
- Russell, Mark; Young, James Edward (2000). Film Music. Focal Press. p. 112. ISBN 9780240804415. In a chapter devoted to his work, Gabriel Yared describes how he composed the music for Vincent & Theo. Yared wrote the score working only from the screenplay, and without seeing the film itself.