Vincent C. Gray
|Member of the Council of the District of Columbia
from Ward 7
January 2, 2017
|Preceded by||Yvette Alexander|
January 3, 2005 – January 3, 2007
|Preceded by||Kevin Chavous|
|Succeeded by||Yvette Alexander|
|7th Mayor of the District of Columbia|
January 2, 2011 – January 2, 2015
|Preceded by||Adrian Fenty|
|Succeeded by||Muriel Bowser|
|Chair of the Council of the District of Columbia|
January 3, 2007 – January 2, 2011
|Preceded by||Linda Cropp|
|Succeeded by||Kwame Brown|
|Born||Vincent Condol Gray
November 8, 1942
Washington, D.C., U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Loretta (Deceased 1998)|
|Alma mater||George Washington University (BA)|
Vincent Condol "Vince" Gray (born November 8, 1942) is an American politician who served as the seventh Mayor of the District of Columbia. He served one term, from 2011 to 2015, losing his bid for reelection in the Democratic primary to D.C. City Council member Muriel Bowser. Bowser would go on to win the 2014 election. Prior to his inauguration as mayor in January 2011, Gray served as Chairman of the Council of the District of Columbia, and as Councilmember for Ward 7. In the 1990s he also served as director of the DC Department of Human Services. In June 2016, he defeated incumbent Yvette Alexander in the Democratic primary for the council seat he previously held in Ward 7.
- 1 Early life and career
- 2 Council of Washington, D.C.
- 3 Mayor of Washington, D.C.
- 4 Second Council tenure
- 5 Electoral history
- 6 Family
- 7 References
Early life and career
Gray was born on November 8, 1942 in Washington, DC, and graduated from Dunbar High School. He earned a B.A. in psychology at George Washington University, where he also took graduate courses. Gray was one of the first African Americans to join the Jewish fraternity, Tau Epsilon Phi. While in the fraternity, he was the first to serve two consecutive terms as President. Other school activities included the Newman Catholic Center, as well as football and basketball intramurals. Gray is also an avid participant in hand dancing, a D.C.-area derivative of Lindy hop.
Gray began his political career with the D.C. Association for Retarded Citizens, where he successfully advocated for innovative public policy initiatives on behalf of people with mental retardation. In 1991, then Mayor Sharon Pratt Kelly appointed Gray to the post of Director of the DC Department of Human Services.
Gray became the founding executive director of Covenant House Washington in December 1994. Over a decade, Gray grew the agency from a van outreach program to a multisite agency serving homeless youth in the city's Southeast and Northeast communities.
Council of Washington, D.C.
In the September 2004 primary election, Gray defeated Kevin P. Chavous, the incumbent Ward 7 member of the Council of the District of Columbia, and went on to win the November general election with 91% of the vote. He was sworn in as a member of the council on January 2, 2005, and was a member of the council's Committees on Health; Economic Development; Human Services; and Education, Libraries and Recreation. Chairman Linda W. Cropp also appointed him to chair a Special Committee on Prevention of Youth Violence.
In 2006, when Cropp decided not to run for another term as chairman but to run for mayor instead, Gray ran for chairman. He defeated his council colleague Kathleen Patterson in the Democratic primary, 57% to 43%, and then won the general election unopposed. Gray ran his campaign under the banner "One City" and focused on unity among the disparate racial and economic groups in Washington, D.C.
In 2008, Gray successfully led his Council colleagues in passing the "Pre-K Enhancement and Expansion Act of 2008", a program to provide universal pre-kindergarten to every three- and four-year-old in the District of Columbia by 2014, to increase early intervention and enhancement services for student success.
Mayor of Washington, D.C.
Gray formally entered the race for Mayor of the District of Columbia on March 30, 2010. His campaign adopted the slogan, commonly used during his time as Council Chairman, "One City. Leadership We Need". A Washington Post poll conducted in January 2010 showed Gray leading the incumbent mayor, Adrian Fenty, 38 percent to 31 percent among voters who were "certain" to participate in the September 14th Democratic Primary. The Washington Post noted that the poll's results were an indication of voters' disapproval of Fenty, rather than approval of Gray, because 36 percent of registered Democrats had no opinion of Gray. An August Washington Post poll found Gray with a 17-point advantage among likely voters and a 13-point lead among Democratic voters. In the event, Gray defeated Fenty by a 54 to 44 percent margin.
Activities as Mayor
In order to save the District $19 million in 2011, Gray proposed to furlough most District employees, including teachers. Workers would not be paid on four holidays, namely President's Day, Emancipation Day, Memorial Day, and Independence Day. The District Council voted in favor of the idea as part of a plan to save over $19 million for the District. On Presidents' Day, February 21, 2011, over 200 emergency calls made to 911 went unanswered since dispatchers were furloughed.
During the April 11, 2011 debates on the 2011 United States federal budget, Mayor Gray and several other D.C. elected officials joined city residents outside the Hart Senate Office Building to protest budgetary line items that restricted the city's ability to spend its own locally raised funds. In particular, the budget limits the city's ability to spend money on abortion services and reauthorizes a school voucher program that the city government opposes. U.S. Capitol Police arrested several protesters, including Vincent Gray, for blocking automobile traffic. Speaking to the press before the arrest, Gray said, "This is an absolute travesty. All we want to do is spend our own money... Why should women in the District of Columbia be subjected to a set of rules that no other woman is subjected to?"
Sulaimon Brown controversy
Amidst the reports of budget tightening and city employee furloughs in the early weeks of the Gray administration, an expose in The Washington Post revealed that Gray had hired a larger senior staff than his predecessors, and for substantially more money. Among the newly hired top officials was Sulaimon Brown, who had been hired as a special senior assistant in the Department of Health Care Finance for $110,000. Brown was best known as a colorful fringe candidate in the 2010 mayoral election (ultimately receiving just over 200 votes) who, despite being his opponent, encouraged voters to support Gray (if not himself) and denigrated then-incumbent mayor Fenty. The news of the hiring led to charges of cronyism from the local media. However, when the Washington City Paper four days later linked Brown to a 1991 gun charge, a 1995 conviction for unlawful entry, and a 2007 restraining order against a 13-year-old girl, Brown was fired and escorted by security from his office on the morning of February 24.
In response to his termination, Brown made allegations to the Washington Post that he had made a secret agreement with Gray during the 2010 mayoral campaign to remain in the race and continue attacking Fenty in his public appearances, in exchange for a job with Gray's administration if Gray won the election. Brown also claimed to have received cash payments from Gray campaign aides Lorraine Green and Howard Brooks; according to the Post, Brown's cellphone records indicated 29 telephone calls to Brooks between June and September 2010 from Gray and Green, and text messages from Gray's phone number seemed to lend credence to Brown's story.
Gray flatly denied Brown's allegations, but acknowledged "missteps" in his administration's job vetting process and called for an investigation by the city attorney general and the DC Council. Brown began meeting with federal officials from the U.S. Attorney’s office, the FBI, and staff of the House Oversight and Government Committee, who said that they were "assessing" his allegations. Meanwhile, allegations of nepotism, poor vetting, and other unethical hiring practices within the Gray administration continued to surface, with reports published that Gray had hired the children of four high-level officials, including Green and Brooks; that Brooks had overcharged the operator of the Georgia Lottery more than $1 million in the late 1990s; and that the salaries of several of Gray's appointees, including his Chief of Staff and City Administrator, were higher than permitted by District law.
On March 10, 2011, District Councilmember Jack Evans, chairman of the Council's Committee on Finance and Revenue, announced that he was postponing "indefinitely" Gray's nomination of Green to chair the Washington Convention and Sports Authority. The same day, Gray announced that he had retained the services of Robert S. Bennett, the attorney who represented President Bill Clinton during the Lewinsky scandal, as his legal counsel.
Campaign finance scandal
In October 2011, the Washington Post reported that the United States Attorney's Office was investigating, subpoenaing documents, interviewing campaign staff members, and looking into money-order donations possibly in excess of District regulations. Seven months later, on May 22, 2012, Gray's 2010 campaign treasurer Thomas Gore pleaded guilty in federal court to illegally diverting campaign funds to Brown and to obstructing justice by shredding documents related to the transactions. Two days later, Howard Brooks pleaded guilty to lying to federal investigators, admitting that he had given over $7,800 in money orders to Sulaimon Brown during the 2010 mayoral race.
On July 10, 2012 a third campaign official, Eugenia Clarke-Harris, pleaded guilty to campaign corruption charges. In admitting to the charges, Harris disclosed that Gray's official 2010 campaign had been aided by a secret shadow campaign, using $650,000 in illegally obtained financing from wealthy D.C. contractor Jeff Thompson—a third of the total expenditures by the Gray campaign. Gray was not charged with any wrongdoing and no evidence was presented that he had any knowledge of the shadow campaign; however, U.S. Attorney Ron Machen said that the mayor was still under investigation.
On July 11, 2012, Gray acknowledged at a press conference that his mayoral campaign had had "issues" and was "not the campaign that we intended to run." He denied any intention of resigning as mayor. That same day, however, three members and former colleagues of Gray's on the D.C. Council called on Gray to resign. A poll published eight days later by The Washington Post revealed that a majority of District residents, 54 percent, believed that Gray should resign.
On March 10, 2014, United States Attorney Ronald Machen announced at a court hearing that Gray knew about businessman Jeffrey E. Thompson’s conspiracy to channel more than $660,000 in illegal donations into the campaign. Gray and the businessman devised a plan in which Gray would refer to Thompson as “Uncle Earl” to conceal his identity.
At one point, Gray gave Thompson a one-page, $425,000 budget request that the businessman then funded. According to court documents, after the election Thompson gave a $10,000 check to Gray’s “close family member” to settle debts with campaign workers. At Gray’s request, Thompson also gave $10,000 to fund an unnamed union election campaign. After Gray was inaugurated, Thompson gave $40,000 to the mayor’s “close personal friend” in part to finance home improvements.
In December 2015, prosecutors dropped the investigation into Gray's campaign citing lack of evidence. Asked about the prosecutor's decision, Bowser was quoted as saying, "I think it was appropriate to ask questions about the fairness of the 2010 mayoral campaign. The U.S. Attorney secured seven convictions related to that campaign. He says it's over, and I think like most Washingtonians, I am looking forward to moving forward".
In April 2016, the Washington Post secured the release of previously sealed documents regarding Gray's investigation. It was revealed that prosecutors did not bring charges against Gray because they were concerned about the reliability of Thompson as a witness. Thompson has multiple relationships with men, including some who may have been underage, and prosecutors feared that if he had paid money to conceal this fact that a jury would not find him credible.
On April 1, 2014, Gray was defeated in the Democratic primary by D.C. council member Muriel Bowser. His loss was largely attributed to the ongoing investigation into his 2010 campaign finances.
In February 2016, Gray announced he was running to represent Ward 7 on the Council.
Gray said he was running because accomplishments in Ward 7 were slowing or stalling. Incumbent Councilmember Yvette Alexander said Gray was running for the seat just to set up for a mayoral candidacy in 2018.
On June 14, Gray defeated incumbent and former protege Alexander in the Democratic primary.
Second Council tenure
Gray was sworn into office for a four-year council term at noon on January 2, 2017.
|Democratic||Kevin P. Chavous||3,631||34.00|
|Democratic||Donna E. Daniels||76||0.67|
|Democratic||James (JJ-Jimmy) Johnson||67||0.63|
|D.C. Statehood Green||Michele Tingling-Clemmons||1,198||5|
|Democratic||Vincent C. Gray||72,648||54.27|
|Democratic||Ernest E. Johnson||317||0.24|
|D.C. Statehood Green||Faith||1,476||1|
|Democratic||Muriel E. Bowser||42,045||43|
|Democratic||Vincent C. Gray||31,613||33|
Gray has two children, Jonice Gray Tucker and Vincent Carlos Gray, and two grandchildren, Austin Gray Tucker and Jillian Gray Tucker. In 2012, it was revealed that Gray had passed thousands of dollars worth of Verizon Center tickets to his children. The skysuite tickets were freely provided to the Mayor's office, while Gray defended his children as "ambassadors" of the District. Gray's wife Loretta died in July 1998. Gray lives in the Hillcrest neighborhood of Ward 7. Gray is a Roman Catholic.
- Nikita Stewart (2010-11-02). "For Gray, a methodical path to the mayor's office". Washington Post. Retrieved 2016-08-16.
- Hauslohner, Abigail (February 4, 2016). "Former DC Mayor Vincent Gray to run for Ward 7 City Council Seat". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2016-08-16.
- Davis, Aaron (February 4, 2016). "Vincent Gray wins D.C. Council seat, makes political comeback". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2016-08-16.
- "Voters Guide 2006 Supplement" (PDF). The Washington Informer. 2006-09-24.
- Martin Austermuhle (2010-09-22). "Vince Gray, Then". DCist. Retrieved 2016-08-16.
- "Gray, Vincent Condol – GW Encyclopedia". Encyclopedia.gwu.edu. Retrieved 2013-10-14.
- "About Gray". Council of the District of Columbia. Retrieved 2010-03-29.
- "D.C. mayor's race: Profiles of possible contenders". The Washington Post. March 18, 2010. Retrieved 2016-08-16.
- University Bulletin 1963-1964, Special Collections Research Center, Estelle and Melvin Gelman Library, The George Washington University
- Stewart, Nikita (September 12, 2010). "The Chocolate City's Two Faces". The Root. The Washington Post Company. Archived from the original on 2010-09-17.
- Cherry Tree Yearbook 1964, Page 188, Special Collections Research Center, Estelle and Melvin Gelman Library, The George Washington University
- Stewart, Nikita (December 31, 2010). "Gray's election means new attention for D.C. hand dancing". The Washington Post.
- Silverman, Elissa (March 26, 2006). "New to Council, Gray Seeks Chairmanship". The Washington Post.
- Stewart, Nikita (September 13, 2006). "Gray Overcomes Patterson in Race for Powerful Seat". The Washington Post.
- "Primary Election: Summary Report: Certified Election Night Results" (PDF). District of Columbia Board of Elections and Ethics. September 12, 2006.
- "DC General Election 2006: Precinct Report: Certified Official Results Report" (PDF). District of Columbia Board of Elections and Ethics. November 7, 2006.
- Stewart, Nikita; Silverman, Elissa (September 10, 2006). "Patterson and Gray Angling for Tiebreaker". The Washington Post.
- "Gray to Challenge Fenty for Mayor". The Washington Times. March 31, 2010.
- DeBonis, Mike (March 30, 2010). "Vincent Gray Files for Mayor Run, Says 'We Can Do Better'". Washington City Paper.
- Stewart, Nikita; Cohen, Jon (January 31, 2010). "D.C. Mayor Fenty's approval ratings plummet, poll finds". The Washington Post +.
- "2010 D.C. mayor's race poll". The Washington Post. August 2010.
- Craig, Tim; Stewart, Nikita (September 15, 2010). "Gray defeats Fenty as voters choose conciliatory approach over brash tactics". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 2011-07-25.
- Klopott, Freeman (January 26, 2011). "Mayor sets furlough dates for D.C. workers". Examiner. Washington, D.C.
- Stewart, Nikita (January 26, 2011). "President's Day will be furlough day for city employees". The Washington Post.
- Kranzberg, John (February 7, 2011). "Gray Will Go on Furlough". WRC-TV. MBC Universal Inc.
- [dead link]
- DeBonis, Mike (January 25, 2011). "Gray, Brown differ on school vouchers". The Washington Post.
- "Mayor Vincent Gray and Councilmembers Arrested in an Act of Civil Disobedience Protesting Congressional Budget". DC.gov. April 11, 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-13.
- Brandt, John (April 11, 2011). "DC Mayor Protests Budget Deal, Gets Arrested". Fox News.
- Stewart, Nikita (February 19, 2011). "Gray hires more senior staffers than Fenty did, and is paying them significantly more". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 11, 2011.
- "2010 Election Results". District of Columbia Board of Elections and Ethics. Archived from the original on September 18, 2010.
- Stewart, Nikita (July 22, 2010). "Fenty and Gray stick to issues; opponents attack". The Washington Post.
- Suderman, Alan (February 23, 2011). "The Bigger Scandal". Washington City Paper. Retrieved March 11, 2011.
- Stewart, Nikita; Tim Craig (February 25, 2011). "Sulaimon Brown, aide to D.C. mayor, is fired after allegations of criminal record". The Washington Post.
- Stewart, Nikita (March 6, 2011). "Former mayoral candidate Sulaimon Brown says he struck a job deal with Vincent Gray campaign". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 11, 2011.
- "Tracking the calls". The Washington Post. March 5, 2011.
- Tim Craig, Nikita Stewart and Mike DeBonis (March 7, 2011). "Gray acknowledges 'missteps,' calls for investigation". The Washington Post.
- Suderman, Alan (March 10, 2011). "Loose Lips Daily: Sulaimongate Rolls On Edition". Washington City Paper.
- "It's time to call it 'Graygate'". The Georgetown Dish. March 10, 2011.
- DeBonis, Mike (March 9, 2011). "Howard L. Brooks, consultant to D.C. Mayor Vincent Gray, linked to lottery disputes". Washington Post. Retrieved March 11, 2011.
- Klopott, Freeman (March 10, 2011). "Scandals, scrutiny mount on Gray administration". The Washington Examiner.
- Craig, Tim (March 10, 2011). "Evans indefinitely postpones Lorraine Green's nomination to head Convention and Sports Authority". The Washington Post.
- Stewart, Nikita (October 15, 2011). "Vincent Gray campaign under vigorous federal scrutiny". The Washington Post.
- Suderman, Alan (May 22, 2012). "Vince Gray Aide Thomas Gore Pleads Guilty". Washington City Paper.
- Debonis, Mike; Tim Craig (May 24, 2012). "Howard Brooks pleads guilty in probe of Mayor Gray's 2010 campaign". The Washington Post.
- Suderman, Alan (July 11, 2012). "One City, Two Campaigns". Washington City Paper.
- Suderman, Alan (July 10, 2012). "Only The Shadow Knows". Washington City Paper.
- DeBonis, Mike (July 11, 2012). "Vincent Gray says mayoral campaign had 'issues'". The Washington Post.
- Bingham, Amy (July 12, 2012). "D.C. Corruption: Calls Mount for Mayor Vincent Gray to Resign". ABC News.
- "D.C. mayor Gray should resign, most residents say". The Washington Post. July 19, 2012.
- Marimow, Ann E.; Zapotosky, Matt; Schwartzman, Paul (March 10, 2014). "Gray knew of 'shadow campaign,' Thompson prosecutors say; mayor says it's all a lie". The Washington Post.
- Madden, Patrick (9 December 2015). "D.C. Prosecutor Ends Lengthy Corruption Probe Of Former Mayor Vincent Gray". WAMU. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
- Marimow, Ann E. (April 14, 2016). "Case against ex-D.C. mayor Gray stalled over claims key witness had credibility issue". The Washington Post.
- DeBonis, Mike; Marrimow, Ann E. (December 2, 2013). "D.C. Mayor Vincent C. Gray will seek second term". The Washington Post.
- "Incumbent Mayor Vince Gray concedes defeat in Democratic primary". CNN. April 1, 2014.
- Brown, Stacy M. "Vincent Gray: 'We have a lot of work to do'". Washington Informer. February 11, 2016. p. 1, 9.
- Schwartzman, Paul. "Gray targets successor he anointed". The Washington Post. February 14, 2016. p. C1.
- "New members sworn into 2017 DC Council". WUSA-9. January 2, 2017. Retrieved January 2, 2017.
- "Mayoral Primary Official Results". District of Columbia Board of Elections. April 1, 2014.
- Segraves, Mark (May 10, 2012). "Vincent Gray's adult children get many of city's sky suite tickets". WJLA.
- Simmons, Deborah (April 25, 2010). "Gray opens campaign for D.C. mayor". The Washington Times.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Vincent Gray.|
|Council of the District of Columbia|
|Member of the Council of the District of Columbia
from Ward 7
|Chair of the Council of the District of Columbia
|Member of the Council of the District of Columbia
from Ward 7
|Party political offices|
|Democratic nominee for Mayor of the District of Columbia
|Mayor of the District of Columbia