Vincent Eyre

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Sir Vincent Eyre
Vincent Eyre.jpg
Vincent Eyre
AllegianceUnited Kingdom
Service/branchEast India Company
British Indian Army
Battles/warsFirst Anglo-Afghan War
Indian Mutiny

Major-General Sir Vincent Eyre KCSI CB (1811–1881) was an officer in the Indian Army, who saw active service in India and Afghanistan.

Early life[edit]

Born in Portsdown, Portsmouth on 22 January 1811, Eyre was the third son of Captain Henry Eyre and was educated at Norwich School.[1]

Military career[edit]

In 1827 he entered the Addiscombe Military Seminary and the service of the East India Company. He joined the Bengal Artillery in 1828, and in 1829 arrived in Calcutta. In 1837 he was appointed to the horse artillery and promoted Lieutenant. Two years later, he was appointed Commissary of Ordnance to the Cabul field force. In January 1842, During the First Anglo-Afghan War, Eyre and his family were captured by Akbar Khan. During nearly nine months in captivity, Eyre kept a diary describing his experiences, illustrated by the sketches of other officers and ladies. The manuscript was smuggled out to a friend in British India and was then published in England as Military Operations at Cabul (1843). The Eyre family were rescued by Sir George Pollock in September 1842. In 1844 Eyre was appointed to command the artillery of the new Gwalior contingent. He was responsible for the relief of the Siege of Arrah. He took part in the Relief of Lucknow, during the Indian Mutiny of 1857. He was promoted Lieutenant Colonel that year and brevet Colonel the following year.

In 1857 he founded Esapore, a colony for destitute families of Portuguese descent.[citation needed] In 1861, Lord Canning selected Eyre to serve on a commission set up to consider amalgamating the Presidency armies of the East India Company with the British Army.[2] In 1863 he was ordered home on sick leave and retired as a Major-General.[3]

He was appointed a Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India in 1867.[2]

Later activities[edit]

Finding himself in France during the Franco-Prussian War, Eyre set up an ambulance service under the auspices of the Red Cross. In his later years, he spent the winters in Rome and finally died in Aix-les-Bains on 22 September 1881.[1]

Published writing[edit]


  1. ^ a b Portraits of the Cabul prisoners, accessed 12 may 2010
  2. ^ a b  Stephen, Leslie, ed. (1889). "Eyre, Vincent" . Dictionary of National Biography. 18. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  3. ^ Vincent Eyre accessed 12 May 2010

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainStephen, Leslie, ed. (1889). "Eyre, Vincent" . Dictionary of National Biography. 18. London: Smith, Elder & Co.

External links[edit]