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Early life and education
Hallinan was born into a large immigrant Irish-Catholic family and raised in San Francisco and Petaluma, California. His father Patrick was said to be a member of the Irish National Invincibles, a revolutionary organization that, among other activities, was reputed to have assassinated the Lord Mayor of Dublin and his secretary in 1881, the infamous Phoenix Park Murders, who then fled to the U.S. The elder Hallinan became a streetcar conductor in San Francisco, and was one of the leaders of the Great Front Strike of 1899–1900.
Trained by Jesuits in high school, Hallinan passed the California Bar at the age of 22, after studies at Saint Ignatius College and Law School, (now the University of San Francisco). He passed the California Bar Exam on the first time and before he had graduated from law school. He was a militant atheist.
Career in law and politics
His early successes in court included personal injury actions against the powerful Market Street Railway Company which ran most of the trolley lines on the streets of San Francisco and was a subsidiary of northern California rail interests. The rail company also owned the system whereby jurors' lists were kept and consulted by an appointed jury commissioner, in Hallinan's time an official of the railway, and he fought against this system for years before state law made the voter rolls the sole source of jurors.
Hallinan's years as a lawyer led to his selection in 1949, with a partner James Martin McInnis, to defend Harry Bridges of the ILWU on perjury charges arising from accusations that he had once been a Communist but had denied it.
After the trial, Hallinan spent six months in McNeil Island prison for a contempt citation during the high-profile Bridges trial. He was subsequently disbarred by the State Bar of California but fought his way back into the bar after his release from jail.
He and his wife Vivian were indicted on 14 counts of tax evasion. Vincent was convicted on five counts and was fined $50,000 for evading $36,739 in federal income taxes, and served 18 months in his second federal prison term, after he reported only 20% of his income from 1947 to 1950. Vivian was acquitted.
Vincent visited Gary Powers in Moscow soon after his conviction for espionage. He encouraged Gary to "study the Communist form of government stating it was a "remarkable system...realizing the American system had grave flaws" Gary "would learn a great deal."
In his 1963 autobiography, Hallinan claimed that he was prosecuted by the IRS for his political views, and that the government did not differentiate between tax avoidance (legal) and tax evasion. Also in his autobiography he argued for prison reform and in favor of treating drug addiction as a medical condition and providing clean maintenance drugs to addicts, and legalizing prostitution; and against laws forbidding private consensual sex, contraception and abortion, and against imperialism and American foreign policy.
Hallinan is the father of writer Conn M. Hallinan, San Francisco attorney Patrick Hallinan, of politician Terence Hallinan and grandfather of several, including attorneys Brendan Hallinan, Neil Hallinan, and Kate Hallinan.
- Hallinan, Conn M. Vincent Hallinan, Irish History Grand Marshal's Journal.
- Hallinan, Vincent. A Lion in Court: The Uninhibited Autobiography of America's Most Controversial Lawyer. New York: Putnam, 1963. OCLC 1350083
- "He also served a two-year sentence for tax evasion in the 1950s, ran for US president for the Progressive Party, made a great deal of money, and as a militant atheist once pinned down a Catholic archbishop during cross-examination, forcing him to confess he could not prove Heaven existed." Christopher Reed, 'Obituary: Vincent Hallinan, A Brawler for Justice', The Guardian (London), October 6, 1992, Pg. 33.
- "Three-Time Loser", Time, New York, March 21, 1953.
- Powers, Francis (2004). Operation Overflight: A Memoir of the U-2 Incident. Potomac Books, Inc. p. 162-163. ISBN 9781574884227.
- Hallinan, Vivian, and Hallinan, Vincent (1960). A clash of cultures; Some contrasts in American and Soviet morals and manners. San Francisco: American Russian Institute. Foreword by Holland Roberts. Illus. with photos. 72 pp. OCLC 4398714
- Hallinan, Vivian (1952). My Wild Irish Rogues Doubleday and Company, Garden City, NY.
- Records of the Progressive Party. Archive maintained by University of Iowa Libraries Special Collections Department. 1940—1969. Accessed May 29, 2006.
- "Shoes on the Stand" (a partial account of Harry Bridges's trial). Time, New York, December 12, 1949.
- Photos of Vincent Hallinan (1953) and Vivian Hallinan (1962). San Francisco Sheriff's Department: Notable Jailbirds of San Francisco Photo Gallery. Accessed May 29, 2006.
- Crowd with C.B. Beanie Baldwin greeting Vincent Hallinan on his release from McNeil Island prison, 1952. University of Washington Libraries, Special Collection Division. Accessed May 29, 2006.
- Obituary of Vivian Hallinan from the San Francisco Examiner March 17, 1999. Read into the Congressional Record by Congresswoman Nancy Pelosi. March 25, 1999. Accessed May 29, 2006.
- Vincent Hallinan December 16, 1896 – October 2, 1992 at the Wayback Machine (archived January 7, 2005). Excerpted from the eulogy of Vincent Hallinan by his son, Conn M. Hallinan. Accessed May 29, 2006.
- Lambert, Bruce. "Vincent Hallinan Is Dead at 95; An Innovative Lawyer With Flair". New York Times, October 4, 1992.
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