18 February 1969 |
Vincent Reynouard was, according to his own writings, attracted by National Socialism at the beginning of his teenage years: "Around 14 years old, I was able to study photos of the Third Reich. I rapidly understood that true socialism, the kind I aspired to, had been realized by Adolf Hitler." Student at the ISMRA in Caen in the early 90s, he created the "Normandy Association for the Awakening of the Citizen" (Association normande pour l’éveil du citoyen), which distributed a bulletin named "New Vision" (Nouvelle vision), co-authoring it with Rémi Pontier. In it, he declared being part of the "post-revisionist" Holocaust denial movement derived from Robert Faurisson, Alain Guionnet, and Olivier Mathieu, aiming not only to denounce the "myth of the Shoah" but also the "Jewish control" over the modern world. He was expelled for some time from his university campus for distributing pamphlets and stickers. He also had an active role in the French and European Nationalist Party in which he was briefly the Secretary General in 1991.
Holocaust denial activities and criminal convictions
In 1991, Reynouard was convicted of distributing Holocaust denial literature. Reynouard had given high school students materials "questioning the existence of the gas chambers." He was tried alongside fellow neo-Nazi Remi Pontier, were the first two people convicted under the Fabius-Gayssot law; both were members of the neo-Nazi French and European Nationalist Party. Although convicted, he was permitted to continue teaching mathematics at a Honfleur, Normandy high school until 1997, when he was suspended after he was "found to be using the school computer to file documents denying the Holocaust and the fax machine to send the writings to his followers" and "giving his students statistical equations regarding the rate of mortality in Nazi concentration camps."
In the fall of 2000, Reynouard affiliated himself with the Vrij Historisch Onderzoek, a Belgian Holocaust denial and Nazi-sympathizer group. At the time, Reynouard was being investigated by French authorities, and chose to go into exile in Belgium, where he took up residence with a Catholic fundamentalist group in Ixelles, Brussels, with close ties to the Society of Saint Pius X. Reynouard ran the group's French-language operations.
In 2004, Reynouard was convicted by a French court of crimes under the 1990 Gayssot Act for distributing a pamphlet and videocassette that questioned the Oradour-sur-Glane massacre, in which French Jews were murdered during the Holocaust. He was sentenced to 24 months in prison, of which 18 months were suspended.
In 2005, Reynouard mailed a 16-page pamphlet entitled "Holocaust? What Is Being Hidden from You" to chambers of commerce, museums, and town halls across France. The pamphlet claimed that the Holocaust was "propaganda." As a result, in 2007 Reynouard was sentenced to one year in prison and fined 10,000 euro.
In November 2015, Reynouard was tried before a Normandy court for Holocaust denial in Facebook posts. Reynouard, who chose to represent himself at trial, was sentenced to two years in jail; the sentence was enhanced due to Reynouard's prior convictions.
- Reynouard, Vincent (April 2007), "En passant par Fleury-Mérogis", Sans concession (30),
Vers quatorze ans, j’ai pu contempler les photos du IIIème Reich. J’ai rapidement compris que le vrai socialisme, celui auquel j’aspirais, avait été réalisé par Adolf Hitler.
- Gattegno, Hervé (14 January 1993), "La dernière provoc des révisionnistes" (PDF), Le Nouvel Observateur, p. 66
- (Chombart de Lauwe 2006, p. 26)
- Igounet, Valérie (2000), Histoire du négationnisme en France, Paris: Éditions du Seuil, pp. 548–560, ISBN 9782020354929
- Conan, Éric (27 February 1997), "Calvados: le révisionniste sans masque", L'Express
- Leclercq, Jacques (2008), Dictionnaire de la mouvance droitiste et nationale de 1945 à nos jours, L'Harmattan, p. 521, ISBN 9782296207516
- 2 French Teacher Suspended for Holocaust Denial Activities, Jewish Telegraphic Agency (January 13, 1997).
- Julie C. Suk, "Denying Experience: Holocaust Denial and the Free Speech Theory of the State" in The Content and Context of Hate Speech: Rethinking Regulation and Responses" in The Content and Context of Hate Speech: Rethinking Regulation and Responses (eds. Michael Herz & Peter Molnar: Cambridge University Press, 2012), p. 153.
- 2 Neo-nazis Tried for Spreading Revisionist Literature in France, Jewish Telegraphic Agency (November 12, 1991).
- Stephen Roth, Antisemitism Worldwide, 2000/1, Stephen Roth Institute, p. 96.
- Bertelsmann Stiftung, Strategies for Combating Right-wing Extremism in Europe (Brookings Institution Press, 2009), p. 151.
- Erik Bleich, The Freedom to Be Racist?: How the United States and Europe Struggle to Preserve Freedom and Combat Racism (Oxford University Press, 2011), p. 143 & 183.
- Michael Whine, "Expanding Holocaust Denial and Legislation Against It" in Extreme Speech and Democracy (eds. Ivan Hare & James Weinstein).
- Michael Bazyler, Holocaust, Genocide, and the Law: A Quest for Justice in a Post-Holocaust World (Oxford University Press, 2016), pp. 194-95.
- PHDNM, Vincent Reynouard's website - Pour une Histoire Débarrassée des Nombreux Mensonges