Vincent Viola

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Vincent Viola
Viola in 2017
Vincent James Viola[1]

1956 (age 66–67)
New York City, U.S.
EducationUnited States Military Academy (BS)
New York Law School (JD)
Political partyRepublican
SpouseTeresa Viola

Vincent "Vinnie" Viola (born 1956) is an American billionaire businessman and U.S. Army veteran. He was for several weeks President Donald Trump's nominee for United States Secretary of the Army, before withdrawing from consideration.[2] He is the former chairman of the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX), and the founder and chairman of Virtu Financial.[3] Viola is the owner of the Florida Panthers, a National Hockey League (NHL) ice hockey team.[4] He is also the owner of St. Elias Stables and co-owner, with fellow Brooklynite Anthony Bonomo, of the 2017 Kentucky Derby winner Always Dreaming.[5]

Early life, education and military service[edit]

Viola was born in 1956 to an Italian American family in the Williamsburg neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York City, the son of Virginia (Torre) and John A. Viola.[6][7][8] His father, an immigrant from Italy, worked as a truck driver after serving in the U.S. Army in the European theater of WWII. His father's Army service made a significant impression on Viola as a youth.[9] Upon graduating from Brooklyn Technical High School, Viola attended the United States Military Academy.[9] At West Point, Viola played on the sprint football team and was cadet company commander for Company E-4 his senior year.[10]

Viola graduated with a bachelor's degree from the United States Military Academy in 1977 and was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the U.S. Army. After graduating from the Infantry Officer Basic Course and Ranger School, he served with the 101st Airborne Division at Fort Campbell[11] for several years. He received his juris doctor degree from New York Law School in June 1983,[1][12][13] but did not complete the bar exam.[8]


Viola began his business career as a trader in the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) in 1982, raising $10,000 to purchase a seat on the exchange.[8] He helped build the NYMEX while he served on the board of directors, as chairman of the Technology Committee, the Natural Gas Advisory Committee and the Facilities Committee, co-chairman of the Options Committee, vice chairman of NYMEX from 1993 to 1996, and chairman from March 2001 to March 2004.[14] Prior to and following the Gulf War, Viola earned millions of dollars trading oil.[8]

Viola has launched a number of businesses during his career. In 1987, he founded Pioneer Futures, one of the top fifty futures commission merchants in the US. In 1988, he founded The Independent Bank Group, a Texas-based regional bank which is listed on NASDAQ (IBTX).[14] Viola was also one of the two partners who launched EWT, LLC and Madison Tyler, LLC, two electric trading firms formerly based in Beverly Hills, CA and was able to use the electronic trading technique to his own personal gain . In 2008, Viola founded Virtu Financial, active in electronic market making.[15] Viola took Virtu Financial public in April 2015, trading as a NASDAQ listed company (VIRT).[16]

Leah McGrath Goodman's 2011 book, The Asylum: The Renegades Who Hijacked the World's Oil Market, describes Viola and his temperament. Goodman wrote Viola "had a nasty temper, but [predecessor chairman Lou] Guttman says he didn’t lose control of his emotions easily" and that "beneath the spit and polish he was still a tough guy from Brooklyn." In the book, Lou Guttman, the previous chairman at the New York Mercantile Exchange, said Viola "exuded leadership. His personality was amazing. He drew people in. He was a phenomenal speaker. Even if he didn’t know what he was talking about, he sounded like he knew what he was saying. He was an astute businessman and an extreme opportunist."[17]

As of December 2016, Viola had a net worth of $1.78 billion.[18]

Nomination for Secretary of the Army[edit]

On December 19, 2016, then-President-elect Donald Trump announced his intention to nominate Viola for the position of Secretary of the Army.[19] The choice was reported to be concerning to the nominated Secretary of Defense General James Mattis, who was reportedly not informed of the choice prior to the announcement, a position he would directly oversee, and was concerned about potential trading practices which were not yet fully investigated.[20]

Viola withdrew himself from consideration for the position on February 3, 2017, citing his inability to comply with Pentagon regulations regarding personal businesses. Military Times reported that Viola had been searching for ways to divest from his business ventures, including transferring ownership of the Florida Panthers to his family members and transferring responsibility for operations to Vice Chairman Douglas Cifu.[21]


After the 9/11 attacks, Viola helped found the Combating Terrorism Center at West Point, and was the principal funder at its creation.[22][23][24] Viola founded a technology company, Rowan Technology Solutions, to support cadet education in the areas of military history, military science, and leadership.[25] Viola has endowed the Avery Cardinal Dulles, S.J. Chair in Catholic Theology at Fordham University.[26]

Personal life[edit]

Viola and his wife Teresa have three adult sons and live in New York City.[18][6] In 2013, their Upper East Side townhouse was listed for sale at $114 million.[27] In January 2021, they sold their townhouse in the Brooklyn Heights Historical District for $25.5 million, setting a borough record.

Viola and Teresa are both involved in horseracing as the owners of St. Elias Stable and Teresa Viola Racing, respectively. They are co-owners of Kentucky Derby winner Always Dreaming.[5]


  1. ^ a b Ninety-First Commencement Exercises. New York Law School. June 12, 1983. p. 14. Retrieved November 3, 2021.
  2. ^ Peterson-Withorn, Chase (December 19, 2016). "Five Things To Know About Vincent Viola, Trump's Billionaire Pick For Army Secretary". Forbes. Retrieved January 3, 2017.
  3. ^ "Vincent Viola, Founder and Executive Chairman, Virtu Financial". September 11, 2001. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
  4. ^ "Vincent Viola Becomes Owner Of The Florida Panthers" (Press release). Florida Panthers. September 27, 2013. Retrieved October 6, 2015.
  5. ^ a b Cherwa, John (May 6, 2017). "Always Dreaming wins the 143rd Kentucky Derby". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 7, 2017.
  6. ^ a b "New York businessman leading group purchasing Florida Panthers". Miami Herald. September 19, 2013.
  7. ^ "Bradley & Son Funeral Homes". Archived from the original on January 4, 2017.
  8. ^ a b c d Osipovich, Alexander; Paletta, Damian; Hope, Bradley (December 19, 2016). "Donald Trump Selects Trading Firm Founder Vincent Viola as Army Secretary". Wall Street Journal.
  9. ^ a b "USMA Class of 1977: The Honor Scandal and Beyond". West Point Center for Oral History. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
  10. ^ "All the ways Trump is having an impact on the sports world". January 19, 2017. Retrieved October 19, 2020.
  11. ^ "Who is Vincent Viola?". June 26, 2009. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
  12. ^ "Landslide Choice for Worst Law School". Above the Law. December 5, 2011. Retrieved December 23, 2016.
  13. ^ "Nine Law Schools to Avoid". The Careerist. Retrieved December 23, 2016.
  14. ^ a b Vincent J. Viola. "Vincent J. Viola: Executive Profile & Biography". Bloomberg. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
  15. ^ Matthew Leising (August 11, 2016). "Virtu Never Loses (Well, Almost Never) in Quest to Upend Markets". Bloomberg. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
  16. ^ "Virtu Financial Announces Pricing of Initial Public Offering (NASDAQ:VIRT)". Retrieved November 23, 2016.
  17. ^ Jackson, Barry; Richards, George (September 19, 2013). "New York businessman leading group purchasing Florida Panthers". Miami Herald. Retrieved December 21, 2016.
  18. ^ a b "Vincent Viola". Forbes. Retrieved September 8, 2015.
  19. ^ Herb, Jeremy; Temple-West, Patrick (December 19, 2016). "Trump picks businessman Viola as Army secretary". Politico. Retrieved December 19, 2016.
  20. ^ Starr, Barbara (January 7, 2017). "Mattis, Trump team clashed over Pentagon appointment". CNN. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
  21. ^ Shane III, Leo (February 3, 2017). "Trump's pick for Army Secretary drops out". Military Times.
  22. ^ Cooper, Helene (December 19, 2016). "Vincent Viola, Billionaire Businessman, Is Trump's Choice to Lead the Army". The New York Times. Retrieved September 18, 2018.
  23. ^ "Army veteran Vincent Viola, billionaire owner of the Florida Panthers, named Trump's Army secretary". Washington Post. Retrieved September 18, 2018.
  24. ^ "Vincent Viola". Combating Terrorism Center at West Point. March 28, 2011. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
  25. ^ Kramer, Katie (November 9, 2014). "How West Point is becoming a proving ground for technology". CNBC. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
  26. ^ "Chair Honors a Theological Giant". Fordham University. February 2, 2009. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
  27. ^ David, Mark (December 16, 2013). "Epic and Epically Opulent Manhattan Townhouse Listed for $114+ Million". Variety. Retrieved December 19, 2016.

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