Vincetoxicum hirundinaria

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Vincetoxicum hirundinaria
Vincetoxicum officinale.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Genus: Vincetoxicum
Species: V. hirundinaria
Binomial name
Vincetoxicum hirundinaria

Asclepias vincetoxiucum L.
Cynanchum vincetoxicum (L.) Pers.[1]

Vincetoxicum hirundinaria - MHNT

Vincetoxicum hirundinaria, commonly named white swallow-wort (its seedpods are reminiscent of a swallow's wing, or tail), is a long-lived herbaceous perennial of the genus Vincetoxicum in the family Apocynaceae. It is native to cliffs and slopes, especially in calcareous soils, of continental Eurasia (including some Baltic islands).[2] There are introduced populations in North America (Ontario, Michigan, and New York).[1]

The plant was mentioned by Pedanius Dioscorides as a traditional plant used by Dacians and known as "ZOO-USTE", the "herb of animals", believed to open any locked door.[3]


Vincetoxicum hirundinaria on Mont-Ventoux Vaucluse France
  1. ^ a b "Cynanchum vincetoxicum (L.) Pers.". 
  2. ^ Leimu, R (Jan 2004). "Variation in the mating system of Vincetoxicum hirundinaria (Asclepiadaceae) in peripherial island populations" (Free full text). Annals of Botany. 93 (1): 107–13. doi:10.1093/aob/mch012. ISSN 0305-7364. PMID 14678943. 
  3. ^ Bucurescu, Adrian (22 August 2012). "Iarba fiarelor". The Epoch Times, Romania. Retrieved 24 March 2013. 

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