Screenshot of a typical Vine account featuring Shawn Mendes
|Original author(s)||Dom Hofmann
|Initial release||January 24, 2013|
|Operating system||iOS, Android, Windows Phone, Xbox One, Windows, OSX|
|Available in||25 languages|
|Alexa rank||1,163 (March 2016)|
Vine is a short-form video sharing service where users can share six-second-long looping video clips. The service was founded in June 2012, and American microblogging website Twitter acquired it in October 2012, just before its official launch. Users' videos are published through Vine's social network and can be shared on other services such as Facebook and Twitter. Vine's app can also be used to browse through videos posted by other users, along with groups of videos by theme, and trending, or popular, videos. While Vine enjoys the support of Twitter, it competes with others such as Instagram and Mobli. As of December 2015 Vine has 200 million active users.
Vine officially launched on January 24, 2013 as a free app for iOS devices. On June 2, 2013, an Android version was released. On November 12, 2013 the application was released for Windows Phone.
In a couple of months, Vine became the most used video sharing application in the market, even with low adoption of the app. On April 9, 2013, Vine became the most-downloaded free app within the iOS App Store and on May 1, 2014, Vine launched the web version of the service to explore videos.
In January 2015, Vine launched Vine Kids, an app designed specifically for children. In addition to offering video loops that Vine claims to be "age-appropriate" for children, the app includes interactive features allowing users to swipe for new videos and to hear different sounds. The app is only available to Apple iOS users, but will be available to Android soon.[when?]
Vine enables users to record short video clips up to around six seconds long while recording through its in-app camera. The camera records only while the screen is being touched, enabling users to edit on the fly or create stop motion effects.
Additional features were added to the app in July 2013; these include grid and ghost image tools for the camera, curated channels (including themed areas and trending topics/users), the ability to "revine" videos on a personal stream, and protected posts.
In July 2014, Vine updated their app with a new "loop count" meaning every time someone watches a vine, a number on top of the video will appear showing how many times it was viewed. The "loop count" also includes views from vines that are embedded onto other websites.
In June 2016, Vine announced that it is experimenting with letting users attach video clips up to 140 seconds.
Vine has attracted different types of uses, including short-form comedy and music performances, video editing, and stop motion animation. The service has also been used for journalism: on February 1, 2013, a Turkish journalist used it to document the aftermath of the 2013 United States embassy bombing in Ankara. Vine has also gained ground as a promotional tool; in 2013, the track listing of Daft Punk's album Random Access Memories was revealed via a Vine video, and on September 9, 2013, Dunkin Donuts became the first company to use a single Vine as an entire television advertisement.
Music-oriented videos have also had success on the service; in July 2013, a Vine post featuring a group of women twerking to the 2012 song "Don't Drop That Thun Thun" became viral, spawned response videos, and led the previously-obscure song to peak at #35 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart.
In March 2013, 22 Vines were presented in an exhibit entitled #SVAES (The Shortest Video Art Ever Sold) at the Moving Image art fair in New York City. Copies of the videos were available to purchase on thumb drives for US$200 each. Angela Washko's "Tits on Tits on Ikea" was sold to Dutch art advisor, curator and collector Myriam Vanneschi, during the event, marking the first ever sale of a Vine as art.
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (March 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
As of May 2016, Viner King Bach is the service's most followed user, with over 15 million followers. Other people known for their Vine videos are Brittany Furlan, Nash Grier, Cameron Dallas, Curtis Lepore, Jérôme Jarre, Lele Pons, Hayes Grier, the Eh Bee Family, Amanda Cerny, and Marlo Meekins. Popular celebrity users include Page Kennedy, Nicholas Megalis, Ansel Elgort, Justin Bieber, Harry Styles, Josh Peck, Shawn Mendes, DeStorm Power and Will Sasso each garnering over a million followers.
Ryan McHenry made a series of Vines titled Ryan Gosling Won't Eat His Cereal from 2013-2015. The Vines attracted the attention of Gosling himself, and when McHenry died on May 2, 2015, Gosling paid tribute to him by posting a Vine of him eating cereal, effectively ending the series.
A BBC review described collections of Vine videos to be "mesmerizing", like "[watching a] bewildering carousel of six-second slices of ordinary life [roll] past."
Soon after its launch, Vine faced criticism for how it handled pornography; while porn is not forbidden by Twitter's guidelines, one sexually explicit clip was accidentally featured as an "Editor's Pick" in the Vine app as a result of "human error". Because pornographic content violates Apple's terms of service, the app's rating was changed to 17+ in February 2013 following a request by Apple.
Viners are often criticized for their use of racial stereotypes in many of their videos. Many Vine videos portray the difference between White Americans and African Americans. Kim Pearson, chair of the department of African-American studies at The College of New Jersey, stated that "Vine videos may impact viewers, especially when there’s a lack of context, teaching them to accept racial boundaries."
- "Website Rank". Alexa Internet. Retrieved 12 April 2015.
- Craig Smith. "25 Amazing Vine Statistics". DMR.
- Fried, Ina (October 9, 2012). "Twitter Buys Vine, a Video Clip Company That Never Launched". AllThingsD. Retrieved March 15, 2013.
- "Instagram Video Taking a Swing at Vine: Study". CNBC.com. Retrieved March 5, 2014.
- Sippey, Michael (January 24, 2013). "Vine: A new way to share video". Twitter Blog. Twitter. Retrieved July 25, 2013.
- Crook, Jordan (January 24, 2013). "Twitter's 6-Second Video Sharing App, Vine, Goes Live In The App Store". TechCrunch. Retrieved January 26, 2013.
- "Vine for android". Vine.co. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
- Swigart, Ryan (12 November 2013). "Say hello to Vine for Windows Phone". Vine Blog. Tumblr. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
- Moore, Robert (March 6, 2013). "TechCrunch – Vine Takes Early Command In The Mobile Video Market Over Viddy, Socialcam And Others Despite Low Adoption". techcrunch.com. Retrieved April 10, 2013.
- Souppouris, Aaron (April 9, 2013). "The Verge – Vine is now the number one free app in the US App Store". The Verge. Retrieved April 10, 2013.
- Det, Janessa (May 1, 2014). "Vine.co has a new look". Vine blog. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
- "Vine on Xbox One". Vine.co. Retrieved October 14, 2014.
- "Vine's New Kids App Is Friendly For Younger Audiences". Forbes.com. Retrieved January 30, 2015.
- "Guess what? Vine videos are longer than six seconds". CNET. Retrieved 6 July 2014.
- Dave, Paresh (June 20, 2013). "Video app Vine's popularity is spreading, seven seconds at a time – Los Angeles Times". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 25, 2013.
- Hamburger, Ellis (April 25, 2013). "Tao of Vine: the creators of Twitter's video platform speak out – and promise an Android app 'soon'". The Verge.
- "Vine update for iOS adds redesigned camera, 'revining,' and channels". The Verge. 3 July 2013. Retrieved 6 July 2014.
- "Introducing Loop counts.". Vine.co. Vine.co. July 1, 2014. Retrieved July 17, 2014.
- Farooqui, Adnan (July 1, 2014). "Vine Update Brings Loop Counts". ubergizmo. ubergizmo. Retrieved July 17, 2014.
- Casey Newton, "Vines can now include 140-second video attachments," The Verge, June 21, 2016. Retrieved June 21, 2016.
- Hathaway, Jay (July 5, 2013). "Vine and the art of 6-second comedy". The Daily Dot. Retrieved July 25, 2013.
- Rohrer, Finlo (January 31, 2013). "BBC News – Vine: Six things people have learned about six-second video in a week". BBC News. Retrieved March 15, 2013.
- Ungerleider, Neal (February 7, 2013). "Using Vine To Cover Breaking News". Fast Company. Retrieved March 15, 2013.
- Minsker, Evan and Phillips, Amy (16 April 2013). "Daft Punk Reveal Random Access Memories Tracklist Via Vine Video". Pitchfork Media. Pitchfork.com. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
[...] The French robot duo have shared the album's tracklist via a Vine video which can be watched below.
- Heine, Christopher (September 8, 2013). "Dunkin' Donuts Is Launching the First TV Ad Made Entirely From Vine". Adweek. Retrieved September 9, 2013.
- "'Wop' Life: How a Miley Cyrus Twerk Video Started Rap's 'Harlem Shake' Moment". Spin. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
- "How Twerking on Vine Sent Years-Old Rap Songs Up The iTunes Charts". Animal New York. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
- Miller, Rachel. "Moving Image art fair sells first ever 'Vine-art'". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- Masilotti, Gina. "Amanda Cerny: 5 Things You Need to Know About the Playboy Model Turned Vine Star". HNGN.com. Archived from the original on April 16, 2016.
- Cerny had 4.4 million followers as of April 2016.[ref] "Amanda Cerny". Vine.
- Zinoman, Jason (May 1, 2013). "The Digital Stage for Six-Second Zingers". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 27, 2015.
- Meekins had 718,300 followers as of April 2016.[ref] "Marlo Meekins". Vine.
- "Brooklyn Rapper Bobby Shmurda Goes From Vine Star to Major-Label Player". Billboard. Retrieved 5 May 2015.
- Khan, Sarah (November 30, 2015). "Ruth B Talks Vine, The Intro & Getting Inspired By 'Once Upon A Time'". ANDPOP. Retrieved December 6, 2015.
- Musil, Steven (January 27, 2013). "Pornographic video clips already showing up on Twitter's Vine". CNET. CNET. Retrieved January 28, 2013.
- "Twitter accidentally promotes porn clip". 3 News NZ. January 29, 2013. Retrieved January 30, 2013.
- Stern, Joanna (January 28, 2013). "Porn Appears in Twitter's New Vine App". ABC News. Retrieved October 24, 2013.
- "Twitter's Vine Changes App Store Rating to +17, Adds Social Sharing Features". ABC News. February 6, 2013. Retrieved March 15, 2013.
- "Vine: Redefining Racial Stereotyping in Six Seconds - Jason Tham". Digital America.
- Newman, Jared (June 30, 2013). "50 Best Android Apps for 2013". Time. Retrieved June 30, 2013.