Vinnytsia's old water tower (now the War Veterans' Museum)
|Nickname(s): pearl of Podolia|
Map of Ukraine with Vinnytsia highlighted.
Vinnytsia City Municipality
| • Head of City
|Serhiy Morhunov (European Strategy)|
|• City||113,2 km2 (437 sq mi)|
|• Density||5,066/km2 (13,120/sq mi)|
|Area code(s)||+380 432|
|Sister cities||Birmingham, Kielce, Peterborough, Rybnytsia|
Vinnytsia (Ukrainian: Ві́нниця, pronounced [ˈvʲinːɪt͡sʲɐ], Vinnytsya; Russian: Ви́нница Vinnitsa; Polish: Winnica; German: Winniza, and Romanian: Vinnița) is a city in west-central Ukraine, located on the banks of the Southern Bug. It is the administrative center of Vinnytsia Oblast and the largest city in the historic region of Podillia. Administratively, it is incorporated as a town of oblast significance. It also serves as an administrative center of Vinnytsia Raion, one of the 27 districts of Vinnytsia Oblast, though it is not a part of the district. Population: 371,698 (2013 est.).
A historic town known since Middle Ages and a former Soviet Cold War-airbase, Vinnytsia is now an industrial center (particularly, dominated by the Roshen corporation), a growing international IT-outsource center and the headquarters of the Ukrainian Air Force. The city is also home to the RPC Fort, the largest Ukrainian firearms manufacturer.
Vinnytsia is considered the long-time political base for the current Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko. He owns a local confectionery (as part of the Roshen Corporation) and was elected member of parliament from the local constituency for several convocations. However, contrary to some speculations, Poroshenko has never lived in the city.
It is the administrative center of the Vinnytsia Oblast (province), as well as the administrative center of the surrounding Vinnytsia Raion (district) within the oblast. The city itself is directly subordinated to the oblast.
The current estimated population is 370,100.
A long lasting warm summer with a sufficient quantity of moisture and a comparatively short winter is characteristic of Vinnytsia. The average temperature in January is −5.8 °C (21.6 °F) and 18.3 °C (64.9 °F) in July. The average annual precipitation is 638 mm (25 in).
Over the course of a year there are around 6–9 days when snowstorms occur, 37–60 days when mists occur during the cold period, and 3–5 days when thunderstorms with hail occur.
|Climate data for Vinnytsia, Ukraine|
|Record high °C (°F)||11.6
|Average high °C (°F)||−1.4
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−4.1
|Average low °C (°F)||−6.7
|Record low °C (°F)||−35.5
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||29
|Average rainy days||7||6||10||13||14||15||15||10||12||11||12||9||134|
|Average snowy days||16||16||11||3||0.1||0||0||0||0||1||8||14||69|
|Average relative humidity (%)||85||83||78||68||66||72||72||71||76||80||86||88||77|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||58||70||114||171||248||255||267||261||194||132||58||41||1,869|
|Source #1: Pogoda.ru.net|
|Source #2: NOAA (sun only 1961–1990)|
|This section requires expansion. (January 2014)|
Vinnytsia has been an important trade and political center since the fourteenth century, when Fiodor Koriatowicz, the nephew of the Lithuanian Duke Algirdas, built a fortress (1363) against Tatar raiders on the banks of the Southern Bug. The original settlement was built and pupulated by Aleksander Hrehorovicz Jelec, hetman under Lithuanian Prince Švitrigaila. Aleksander Hrehorowicz Jelec. He built the fort, which he commanded as starosta afterwards. In the 15th century, Polish King Alexander Jagiellon granted Winnica Magdeburg city rights. In 1566, it became part of the Bracław Voivodeship. Between 1569 and 1793 the town was a part of Poland and in this period, for a short time between 1672 and 1699 was a part of the Ottoman Empire. During period of Polish rule, Winnica was a Polish royal city. On March 18, 1783, Antoni Protazy Potocki opened in Winnica the Trade Company Poland. After Second Partition of Poland in 1793 the Russian Empire annexed the city and the region. Russia moved to expunge the Roman Catholic religion – Catholic churches in the city (including what is now the Transfiguration Cathedral) were converted to Russian Orthodox churches.
In 1943, the invading Germans exhumed almost 10,000 people, mostly male Ukrainians, from mass graves in Vinnytsia. The majority of the executions happened during the Stalinist Great Purge between 1937–1938 in the Vinnytsia massacre.
Nazi atrocities were committed in and near Vinnytsia by Einsatzgruppe C. Estimates of the number of victims run as high as 28,000. This included the virtual extinction of the town's large Jewish population. One infamous photo, The Last Jew of Vinnytsia, shows a member of Einsatzgruppe D about to execute a Jew kneeling before a mass grave. The text The Last Jew of Vinnytsia was written on the back of the photograph, which was found in a photo album belonging to a German soldier.
In 1959, the United States Government reported that the Soviet Union had built a school in Vinnytsia for training KGB infiltrators in how to live in the United States. A mock-up of an entire American small town was built, complete with American-style stores, movie theater, houses, restaurants, American vehicles, and a small college campus that served as the classrooms of the school.
- Afghan War Museum and War Glory Memorial Park – The Afghan War Museum is located in the red-brick bell tower. Exhibits include photos, letters and other artifacts representing Vinnytsia soldiers who fought in that war. The Memorial Park contains a large statue representing three different soldiers from World War II. An eternal flame burns in front of the statue.
- Baptist Church – reportedly one of the largest Evangelical Church Buildings in Europe.
- TV Tower Vinnytsia
- Vaksman family’s real estate, 1915 – Style: Art Nouveau. Address: 24 Chkalov Street. Built by architect Moisey Aaronovitch Vaksman. Architectural landmark.
- Multimedia Fountain Roshen – Built in 2011 it is considered as one of the largest floating fountains in Europe. It is the major multimedia attraction in the city. Multimedia fountain Roshen is ranked No.1 on TripAdvisor among 46 attractions in Vinnytsia.
Havryshivka International Airport (IATA: VIN, ICAO: UKWW) is situated near Vinnytsia. Since the end of World War II, Vinnytsia has been the home for major Soviet Air Forces base, including an airfield, a hospital, arsenals, and other military installations. The headquarters of the 43rd Rocket Army of the Strategic Rocket Forces was stationed in Vinnytsia from 1960 to the early 1990s. The 2nd Independent Heavy Bomber Aviation Corps, which later became 24th Air Army, was also stationed in Vinnitsa from 1960 to 1992. The Ukrainian Air Force Command has been based in Vinnytsia since 1992. Currently from the airport there are regular flights to Israel, Montenegro and Moscow.
Notable people from Vinnytsia
|This section does not cite any sources. (September 2011)|
- Nathan Altman (1889–1970) – avant-garde artist
- Nataliya Dobrynska (b. 1982) – Ukrainian heptathlete, gold medallist at the 2008 Beijing Olympics
- Pavlo Khnykin (b. 1969) – freestyle swimmer
- Victoria Koblenko (b. 1980) – Dutch actress
- Mykhailo Kotsiubynsky (1864–1913) – Ukrainian author of novels and short stories. His home is a museum.
- Volodymyr Kozhukhar (b. 1941) – conductor
- Mykola Leontovych (1877–1921) – Ukrainian composer who worked here
- Alexander Lerner (1913–2004) – Soviet-Israeli cyberneticist and dissident
- Yuri Levada – sociologist, political scientist and the founder of the Levada Center
- Jerzy Niezbrzycki – captain of the Polish Army
- Illya Nyzhnyk (b. 1996) – chess Grandmaster
- Oleh Ostapenko (b. 1977) – football goalkeeper for FC Vorskla Poltava
- Nikolai Pirogov (1810–1881) – originally from Moscow, this Imperial Russian doctor, considered to be the founder of field surgery, spent the later years of his life in Vinnytsia. His home is a museum and his chapel tomb is open to visitors.
- Olga Storozhenko – model and Miss Ukraine Universe 2013, Miss Universe 2013 finalist
Twin towns — Sister cities
Glory Memorial and Eternal Flame.
Modernist building, built by architect V.P. Listovichiy.
Home stadium of PFC Nyva Vinnytsia.
- FC Nyva Vinnytsia
- Fountain Roshen
- TIK (band)
- Vinnytsia massacre
- Vinnytsia tram
- Werwolf (Wehrmacht HQ)
- Harold F. Cherniss, famous American scholar, son of emmigrant from Vinnytsia
- Acting mayor Morhunov wins Vinnytsia election runoff – exit polls, Interfax-Ukraine (16 November 2015)
- "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- "Pogoda.ru.net" (in Russian). May 2011. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
- "Vinnica (Vinnytsia) Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
- "The last Jew in Vinnitsa [1941", World's Famous Photos, Retrieved on 2010-08-26.
- Author Unknown, (1959, April 27), RUSSIA: Iowa in the Ukraine, 'Time Magazine', Retrieved from http://content.time.com/
- "Small Town Espionage – 1960 Soviet Spy School / CIA Educational Documentary – WDTVLIVE42". YouTube. 2012-07-20. Retrieved 2014-07-17.
- "The national Pirogov's estate museum". Pirogov.com.ua. Retrieved 2014-07-17.
- "About fountain :: Europe’s largest floating fountain". Fountainroshen.com. Retrieved 2013-01-05.
- Vinnitsa Regional Art Museum
- "Roshen Fountain in Vinnitsa was opened! :: Confectionery Corporation ROSHEN". roshen.com. Retrieved 2015-10-25.
- "Roshen Fountains (Vinnytsya, Ukraine): Address, Top-Rated Attraction Reviews – TripAdvisor". www.tripadvisor.ie. Retrieved 2015-10-25.
- IATA: Airline and Airport Code Search. Enter code VIN in Search by Location Code, accessed 7 November 2011.
- Information about the airport at airport-data.com. Accessed 7 November 2011.
- "43rd Missile Army". Ww2.dk. Retrieved 2011-09-16.
- "Vinnytsia Twin Cities".
- "Kardeş Şehirler". Bursa Büyükşehir Belediyesi Basın Koordinasyon Merkez. Tüm Hakları Saklıdır. Retrieved 2013-07-27.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Vinnytsya.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Vinnytsya.|
|Look up vinnytsia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
- Official website (Ukrainian) (English)
- Site of Vinnytsia (Ukrainian) (Russian)
- Search engine Vinnytsia (Ukrainian)
- Vinnytsia Photos (Ukrainian)
- Vinnytsia Tourism – English and Ukrainian
- Historical site of Vinnytsia (Ukrainian)
- Vinnytsia Places of Interest (English)
- 3-D model of town
- The murder of the Jews of Vinnytsia during World War II, at Yad Vashem website.