Vinod Scaria

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Dr. Vinod Scaria
Born (1981-03-09) 9 March 1981 (age 37)
Mbinga, Tanzania
ResidenceDelhi, India
Alma materCalicut Medical College
University of Pune
  • CSIR Young Scientist Award (2012)
  • FRSB (2017)
Scientific career
FieldsBioinformatics, Computational Biology
InstitutionsIndraprastha Institute of Information Technology Delhi,
Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology,
Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research
Doctoral advisorSamir K. Brahmachari

Dr. Vinod Scaria FRSB (born 9 March 1981) is an Indian researcher pioneering in Precision Medicine and Clinical Genomics in India. His previous research was in the area of micro-RNA and long noncoding RNA biology. He is best known for sequencing the first Indian genome.[1][2][3] He was also instrumental in the sequencing of The first Sri Lankan Genome, analysis of the first Malaysian Genome[4] and sequencing and analysis of the Wild-type strain of Zebrafish.[5] He was conferred the CSIR Young Scientist Award for biological sciences for developing computational tools to analyse genomic data, by the Prime Minister of India in September 2012.[6][7][8]

He is presently a scientist at CSIR Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology and an adjunct faculty at Indraprastha Institute of Information Technology, Delhi.[9]

Early life[edit]

Vinod was born in, Tanzania in 1981. He did his schooling in Silver Hills Public School, Kozhikode, India. He studied for pre-degree course in St. Joseph's College, Devagiri and completed his undergraduate studies in medicine and surgery from Calicut Medical College with Gold Medals in Biochemistry and Physiology. He worked as a consultant for information technology at the Pain and Palliative Care society in Kozhikode. Later, he joined the CSIR Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology, New Delhi, where he started his career as a researcher.[10]


Dr. Scaria started his research career at Calicut Medical College in the area of medical ethics and health information on Internet. After joining the CSIR Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology in 2005, he switched to computational biology and genome informatics. His notable researches include the identification of human micro-RNA which can target HIV virus. In 2009 he and his colleagues at the Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology announced the sequencing of the wild-type strain of zebrafish[11] and the sequencing of the first Human Genome from India. He also pioneered the use of social web for genome annotation, through mapping of TB genome.[12] Scaria and colleagues also discovered and designed enzyme silencers for mRNA, dubbed antagomiRzymes.His group also pioneered the use of social web, cloud computing and students for solving complex drug discovery problems for Neglected Diseases.[13] Dr Scaria has also been involved in popularising personal genomics through[14] and OpenPGx.[15]

He has published numerous papers in international journals.[16] He is also the Editorial Board member of many reputed International Journals including PLOS ONE, PeerJ and Journal of Translational Medicine. He was also the member of senate of the Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR). He is a Kavli Frontiers of Science Fellow of the US National Academy of Sciences[17] and an elected Fellow of the Royal Society of Biology.[18]

Precision Medicine and Pharmacogenomics[edit]

He specialises in genome-scale data for Precision Medicine with reference to Pharmacogenetics. He was one of the pioneers to be able to systematically analyse personal genome data to derive pharmacogenetic maps.[19] His research into population-specific genome scale data has provided one of the initial pharmacoepigenetic maps for Malaysia [20] and Qatar.[21]

Genomics for Understanding Rare Diseases India Alliance Network (GUaRDIAN) Vinod Scaria has been pioneering the application of genomics to diagnose and solve rare genetic diseases in India, including discovering novel variants.[22] He, with his colleague Sridhar Sivasubbu co-founded a national network (GUaRDIAN)[23] of clinicians and researchers working on rare disease genomics. He also co-authored a handbook on exome sequencing and analysis for clinicians.[24] The GUaRDIAN consortium includes over 100 clinicians and researchers from over 25 medical and research centers making it one of the largest clinical genomics research networks in India working in the area of Rare Genetic Diseases.The research network has been quite successful in understanding variants associated with rare genetic diseases and be able to prevent them.[25]

Genomics and other Omics Technologies to enable Medical Decisions (GOMED) Vinod Scaria has been involved in creating a unique programme along with his colleague Dr Mohammed Faruq which enable clinicians from across the country to tap into the rich expertise of CSIR Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology in the area of genomics to enable fast and effective diagnosis of genetic diseases.[26] This programme today has been widely utilized by hospitals across the country.[27]

Genomics of Arab and Middle Eastern Populations[edit]

Vinod Scaria has been pioneering the analysis of genomic data from Arab, Middle Eastern populations. His lab contributed to understanding the genetic landscape of Pharmacogenetics in Qatar.[28] [29]He also pioneered the use of whole genome data to understand the genetic epidemiology of prevalent diseases in the region, including Familial Mediterranean Fever.[30]

His lab also created one of the largest and comprehensive allele frequency resource for Arab populations.[31] This database al mena [32](alleles for Middle East and North Africa) provides information on over 26 million variants indexing a number of whole genome and exome datasets from the region. He is also pioneering the creation of a comprehensive resource for disease variants in the Arab population, in collaboration with multiple researchers from the region.[33]


  1. ^ C.G, Manoj (10 December 2009). "After human genome sequence, the scientist duo look ahead". The Indian Express. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
  2. ^ G.N, Prasanth (10 December 2009). "Genome sequencing can be applied in clinical setting". Times of India. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
  3. ^ Jingjing, Han (9 December 2009). "Scientists decode human genome for the first time in India". China News. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
  4. ^ Salleh, MZ; Teh, LK; Lee, LS; Ismet, RI; Patowary, A; et al. (2013). "Systematic Pharmacogenomics Analysis of a Malay Whole Genome: Proof of Concept for Personalized Medicine". PLoS ONE. 8 (8): e71554. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0071554. PMC 3751891. PMID 24009664.
  5. ^ Patowary A, Purkanti R, Singh M, Chauhan R,Singh AR, Swarnkar M, Singh N, Pandey V, Torroja C, Clark MD, Kocher J, Clark KJ, Stemple DL, Klee EW, Ekker SC*, Scaria V, Sivasubbu S. A sequence-based variation map of zebrafish. Zebrafish. 2013 Mar;10(1):15–20
  6. ^ "Young Scientist Awards" (PDF). CSIR, India. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
  7. ^ "PM gives away awards to scientists". MBCTV. 26 September 2012. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
  8. ^ "PM gives Swaroop Bhatnagar award to 11 scientists". 26 September 2012. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
  9. ^ "Visiting and Adjunct Faculty at IIIT-D".
  10. ^ "Vinod Scaria's profile". Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
  11. ^ "Genome of Zebrafish Wild-type Strain(ASWT)". Retrieved 17 April 2013.
  12. ^ "Detailed map of TB genome to help treatment". The Hindustan Times. 12 April 2010. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
  13. ^ "Crowd Computing for Cheminformatics". RNA Biology. Archived from the original on 12 January 2013. Retrieved 17 February 2013.
  14. ^ " : Personal Genomics for All". Retrieved 10 April 2013.
  15. ^ "OpenPGx". Retrieved 10 April 2013.
  16. ^ "Publications of Vinod Scaria". RNA Biology. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
  17. ^ Missing or empty |title= (help)
  18. ^ Missing or empty |title= (help)
  19. ^ Salleh, Mohammed Zaki. "Systematic pharmacogenomics analysis of a Malay whole genome: proof of concept for personalized medicine". PLOS ONE. 8 (8): e71554. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0071554. PMC 3751891. PMID 24009664.
  20. ^ "Why Indians, SE Asian Malays respond differently to some drugs". Retrieved 10 October 2016.
  21. ^ "Qatar exome study: An advancement in precision medicine". Retrieved 10 October 2016.
  22. ^ "Exome sequencing reveals a novel mutation, p.L325H, in the KRT5 gene associated with autosomal dominant Epidermolysis Bullosa Simplex Koebner type in a large family from western India". Human Genome Variation. Retrieved 17 Dec 2014.
  23. ^ "Genomics for Understanding Rare Diseases India Alliance Network". Retrieved 25 December 2014.
  24. ^ Scaria, Vinod; Sivasubbu, Sridhar. Exome Sequencing, Analysis and Interpretation : Handbook for Clinicians. India: Research In Genomics. p. 126. Retrieved 5 April 2015.
  25. ^ Isalkar, Umesh (6 October 2016). "Research on genes rules out ailment in youngest sibling". The Times of India. TNN. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
  26. ^ "Genomics and other omics technologies to enable Medical Decisions".
  27. ^ "Referral statistics of GOMED".
  28. ^ Sivadas, Ambily; Sharma, Parul; Scaria, Vinod (November 2016). "Landscape of warfarin and clopidogrel pharmacogenetic variants in Qatari population from whole exome datasets". Pharmacogenomics. 17 (17): 1891–1901. doi:10.2217/pgs-2016-0130.
  29. ^ Sivadas, Ambily; Scaria, Vinod. "Pharmacogenomic survey of Qatari populations using whole-genome and exome sequences". The Pharmacogenomics Journal. doi:10.1038/s41397-018-0022-8. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  30. ^ Koshy, Remya; Sivadas, Ambily; Scaria, Vinod (9 June 2017). "Genetic epidemiology of Familial Mediterranean Fever through integrative analysis of whole genome and exome sequences from Middle East and North Africa". Clinical Genetics. doi:10.1111/cge.13070.
  31. ^ Koshy, Remya; Ranawat, Anop; Scaria, Vinod (22 June 2017). "al mena: a comprehensive resource of human genetic variants integrating genomes and exomes from Arab, Middle Eastern and North African populations". Journal of Human Genetics. doi:10.1038/jhg.2017.67.
  32. ^ "al mena".
  33. ^ "Comprehensive resource of genetic variants associated with diseases in Arabs - Vinod Scaria MBBS, PhD".