Vintar

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Vintar
Municipality of Vintar
Vintar Bikeline 2020
Vintar Bikeline 2020
Map of Ilocos Norte with Vintar highlighted
Map of Ilocos Norte with Vintar highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Vintar is located in Philippines
Vintar
Vintar
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 18°13′50″N 120°38′56″E / 18.2306°N 120.6489°E / 18.2306; 120.6489Coordinates: 18°13′50″N 120°38′56″E / 18.2306°N 120.6489°E / 18.2306; 120.6489
CountryPhilippines
RegionIlocos Region
ProvinceIlocos Norte
District 1st district
Founded1909
Barangays33 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorLarisa C. Foronda
 • Vice MayorAmado Victor R. Racimo Jr.
 • RepresentativeRia Christina G. Fariñas
 • Municipal Council
Members
 • Electorate22,110 voters (2022)
Area
 • Total614.35 km2 (237.20 sq mi)
Elevation
59 m (194 ft)
Highest elevation
338 m (1,109 ft)
Lowest elevation
8 m (26 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [3]
 • Total33,339
 • Density54/km2 (140/sq mi)
 • Households
8,422
Economy
 • Income class1st municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence4.18% (2018)[4]
 • Revenue₱261,741,730.99 (2020)
 • Assets₱526,949,182.81 (2020)
 • Expenditure₱204,841,883.16 (2020)
 • Liabilities₱118,022,569.68 (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityIlocos Norte Electric Cooperative (INEC)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
2915
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)77
Native languagesIlocano
Tagalog
Websitewww.vintar.gov.ph

Vintar, officially the Municipality of Vintar (Ilocano: Ili ti Vintar; Tagalog: Bayan ng Vintar), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Ilocos Norte, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 33,339 people. [3]

Vintar is the largest municipality in Ilocos Norte. Its patron saint is Saint Nicholas de Tolentino. It is home to one of the biggest convents in the province where it houses the Saint Nicholas Academy. It is also where Vintar Dam is located, first dam funded by the World Bank in Southeast Asia- an important cultural property listed by the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA) and is also the site of the Umok ni Siwawer Eco-Tourism Nature Park, the town's popular picnic resort.

Etymology[edit]

Vintar derived its name from the Ilocano word, "intar", which used to describe the formation or order taken by the subject from their ruler whenever the chief called them to attention. It is said that a visiting Spanish missionary heard the word and added the letter V, referring to the “V” formation that the missionary saw.

History[edit]

The town's earliest settlers are believed to be of Malay in origin. They first settled on a hill overlooking the Bislak. The town was founded by the Spanish missionaries who got lost in the woods while hunting between Sarrat and Piddig. Vintar became a visita of Bacarra but it was later established as a Parish of San Nicolas de Tolentino. Earlier in 1763, Vintar was reverted to a visita until it became independent in 1774.

In 1903, Vintar was annexed as a barrio of Bacarra. It gained its separation and independence in 1909.

The town is home to one of the biggest convents in the Province of Ilocos Norte. In 1931, an earthquake partially destroyed its church and convent. Five years later, it was restored. The convent which houses the Saint Nicolas Academy was restored in 1982.

Vintar was one of the Ilocos region municipalities where various human rights violations were documented during the martial law era, despite public perception that the region was supportive of the Marcos administration.[5] Three indigenous community members in Vintar are documented to have been "salvaged" in 1984,[5] the same year as eight farmers in Bangui also disappeared, while farmers from the towns of Vintar, Dumalneg, Solsona, Marcos and Piddig were also documented to have been tortured.[5]

Vintar celebrates the feast of St. Nicholas every 10 September- a religious tradition inherited from the Augustinians lives that still practice the distribution of “tinapay ni San Nicolas” (unleavened bread). But the Siwawer Festival, the annual town fiesta of Vintar is held from December 26–30 of every year.

The people of Vintar engage in farming, fishing and herding. The town is generally rural but famous all over the province for its beautiful women with strongly Spanish features. Hence the town has its monicker, “The Home of Beautiful People”. Vintar is also the site of four (4) important cultural properties listed by the National Commission for Culture and the Arts. These are Vintar Dam, the Old Municipal Building, San Nicolas de Tolentino Parish Church and the Gabaldon Building.

The Municipality of Vintar is headed by the Local Chief Executive, Mayor Larisa Cadavona Foronda from 2016 up to present.

Geography[edit]

Vintar is located on a plain land surrounded by mountains. Vintar is surrounded and bordered by:

The town is considered as the sixth major river system in the region. Its head waters are on the western Cordillera slopes at the Kalinga and Apayao borders. It flows eastward and irrigates most of the flat lands of Ilocos Norte before making its exit into the China Sea. Vintar has the largest land area in Ilocos Norte.

Vintar town with mountains in the background

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Vintar, Ilocos Norte
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 26
(79)
28
(82)
30
(86)
32
(90)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
28
(82)
26
(79)
29
(85)
Average low °C (°F) 20
(68)
20
(68)
21
(70)
23
(73)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
23
(73)
22
(72)
21
(70)
23
(73)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 55
(2.2)
41
(1.6)
37
(1.5)
41
(1.6)
184
(7.2)
215
(8.5)
261
(10.3)
256
(10.1)
245
(9.6)
216
(8.5)
142
(5.6)
129
(5.1)
1,822
(71.8)
Average rainy days 14.1 11.1 11.8 12.5 21.8 25.2 25.5 24.9 23.8 18.2 16.4 17.0 222.3
Source: Meteoblue (modeled/calculated data, not measured locally)[6]

Vintar is divided into two types of climate:

  • 90% or the Western Part: Two pronounced seasons, dry from December to May and wet from June to November. Maximum rain period is from June to September.
  • 10% or the Eastern Part: No very pronounced maximum rain period, with a short dry season lasting only from one to three months.

Barangays[edit]

Vintar is politically subdivided into 33 barangays.[7]

  • 1- Abkir
  • 2- Alejo Malasig
  • 3- Alsem
  • 4- Bago
  • 5- Bulbulala
  • 6- Cabangaran
  • 7- Cabayo
  • 8- Cabisocolan
  • 9- Canaam
  • 10- Columbia
  • 11- Dagupan
  • 12- Dipilat
  • 13- Esperanza
  • 14- Ester
  • 15- Isic Isic
  • 16- Lubnac
  • 17- Mabanbanag
  • 18- Malampa
  • 19- Manarang
  • 20- Margaay
  • 21- Namoroc
  • 22- Parparoroc
  • 23- Parut
  • 24- Pedro F. Alviar
  • 25- Salsalamagui
  • 26- San Jose
  • 27- San Nicolas
  • 28- San Pedro
  • 29- San Ramon
  • 30- San Roque (Poblacion)
  • 31- Santa Maria
  • 32- Tamdagan
  • 33- Visaya

Sub-divisions[edit]

Poblacion

Poblacion is the center-most subdivision of Vintar. Poblacion is composed of 5 barangays namely:

  • 1- San Roque
  • 2- San Nicolas
  • 3- San Pedro
  • 4- Santa Maria
  • 5- San Ramon

Metro Poblacion

Metro Poblacion is composed of 5 barangays namely:

  • 6- Parut
  • 7- Alejo Malasig
  • 8- Margaay
  • 9- Lubnac
  • 10- Parparoroc

Pallas Valley

It is located at the north-east of Vintar. Pallas Valley is composed of 4 barangays namely:

  • 11- Bulbulala
  • 12- Namoroc
  • 13- Mabanbanag
  • 14- Ester

North of the River (Amian ti Karayan)

North of the River or "Amian ti Karayan" is located north of the Bislak River from Poblacion. It is called so after the Ilocano word "Amian" which means north. Amian ti Karayan is composed of 8 barangays namely:

  • 16- Salsalamagui
  • 17- P.F. Alviar
  • 18- Abkir
  • 19- Columbia
  • 20- Cabisuculan
  • 21- Malampa
  • 22- Manarang
  • 24- Alsem

Lower Surong Valley

  • 15- Visaya
  • 23- Dipilat
  • 25- Tamdagan
  • 26- Canaam
  • 27- Esperanza
  • 28- Bago
  • 29/30- San Jose/Sto.Tomas

Upper Surong Valley

Upper Surong Valley is composed of 4 barangays namely:

  • 31- Dagupan
  • 32- Cabangaran
  • 33- Cabayo
  • 34- Isic Isic

Mount Baguinsuso[edit]

Mount Baguinsuso, also known as Mount Masadsada (Ilocano which means "passable valley"), is among the most recognized landmarks located in Barangay 15- Visaya.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Vintar
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 9,435—    
1918 11,686+1.44%
1939 14,153+0.92%
1948 14,882+0.56%
1960 17,359+1.29%
1970 19,455+1.15%
1975 21,655+2.17%
1980 23,356+1.52%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1990 27,084+1.49%
1995 27,460+0.26%
2000 29,031+1.20%
2007 29,405+0.18%
2010 31,448+2.47%
2015 32,220+0.46%
2020 33,339+0.67%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[8][9][10][11]

In the 2020 census, the population of Vintar was 33,339 people, [3] with a density of 54 inhabitants per square kilometre or 140 inhabitants per square mile.

Economy[edit]


Transportation[edit]

Vintar can be reached through air via Laoag International Airport at Laoag City, then hiring a tricycle or any other public transportation. From Manila by bus, it will take about 10 to 12 hours in reaching the center of Vintar. Farinas and Maria De Leon are the major companies that have a daily trip to Vintar.

Festival[edit]

Siwawer Festival is the annual festival of Vintar. This festival of the town is being celebrated in honor of the siwawer the local name of the brahminy kite species of eagle that soars the skies of Vintar. The Festival starts on December 4 which is also the Vintar Day, the foundation of the municipality when it was separated from the town of Bacarra in 1909.

Government[edit]

Vintar, belonging to the first congressional district of the province of Ilocos Norte, is governed by a mayor designated as its local chief executive and by a municipal council as its legislative body in accordance with the Local Government Code. The mayor, vice mayor, and the councilors are elected directly by the people through an election which is being held every three years.

Elected officials[edit]

Members of the Municipal Council
(2019–2022)[19]
Position Name
Congressman Ria Christina G. Fariñas
Mayor Larisa C. Foronda
Vice-Mayor Amado Victor R. Racimo Jr.
Councilors Randy A. Degala
Maribel A. Albano
Maricel B. Foronda
Ferdinand B. Mabanag
Jobel Fred M. Foronda
Nestor Marino A. Madamba
Antero A. Caluya
Arlene L. Ruadap

Municipal seal[edit]

  • The shield is derived from the provincial seal of Ilocos Norte.
  • The letter V stands for the word Vintar, the name of the municipality.
  • The eagle represents the native hawk, commonly called Siwawer by the old folks and after which the people of Vintar are referred to.
  • Landscape, plow, rice stalk, onion, garlic, mango, eggplant and tobacco leaf, at the left side of the shield representing the municipality's principal farming industries.
  • Dam, gate valve, water and fish at the right side of the shield represent Vintar-Laoag-Bacarra irrigation system. The dam also stands for the Siwawers, a resort the town is famous for; the fish symbolizes one of the main income-generating products of the locality.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Municipality of Vintar | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2020). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  4. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  5. ^ a b c "Ilocanos remember dark days of martial law, vow to continue fight". 2 October 2012.
  6. ^ "Vintar: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 4 March 2020.
  7. ^ "Province: Ilocos Norte". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  8. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  9. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  10. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  11. ^ "Province of Ilocos Norte". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  12. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  13. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  14. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  15. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  16. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  17. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  18. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  19. ^ "2019 National and Local Elections" (PDF). Commission on Elections. Retrieved March 10, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)

External links[edit]