Vincent Dunin-Marcinkievič (Belarusian: Вінцэнт (Вінцук) Дунін-Марцінкевіч; Polish: Wincenty Dunin-Marcinkiewicz; c. 1808–1884) was a Belarusian writer, poet, dramatist and social activist and is considered as one of the founders of the modern Belarusian literary tradition and national school theatre.
Vincent Dunin-Marcinkievič was born in a Belarusian part of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, in a noble family (szlachta of Łabędź coat of arms) in the region of Babruysk. He graduated from the medical faculty of the University of St. Petersburg.
He wrote both in contemporary Belarusian and Polish languages. Writing in the modern Belarusian language he faced the problem of its being not standardized, as the written tradition of the Old Belarusian (Ruthenian) language had been largely extinct by that time.
In 1859 he translated Adam Mickiewicz's epic poem Pan Tadeusz into the Belarusian language and published it in Vilnius. Under the pressure of Russian Empire authorities he succeeded in publishing only the first two chapters of the poem. This was the first translation of the poem into another Slavic language.
Vincent Dunin-Marcinkievič was accused by the police in separatist propaganda during the January Uprising. He was arrested but later set free but kept under supervision by the police. His daughter, Kamila Marcinkievič, participated in the uprising and was sentenced to the psychiatric hospital for her political activity.
The writer was buried in Tupalshchyna, now Valozhyn rajon.
Most notable works
- Opera "Sielanka" (Belarusian: "Ідылія", "Idyll"; 1846) — the first play, written partly in contemporary Belarusian language.
- Poem "Hapon" (Belarusian: "Гапон"; 1855) — the first poem, written completely in contemporary Belarusian.
- Plays and poetry, some of them in contemporary Belarusian (1855–1861), some of them being:
- "Wieczernice i Opętany" (1856)
- "Interested? Read it! Three tales and brief verse" (Polish: "Ciekawyś? Przeczytaj! Trzy powiastki i wierszyk ulotny"; 1857);
- "Belarusian piper" (Polish: "Dudarz białoruski");
- "Bylicy, raskazy Nawuma" (Belarusian: "Быліцы, расказы Навума"; not published);
- "Chalimon na karanacji" (Belarusian: "Халімон на каранацыі"; not published);
- "Lucynka czyli Szwedzi na Litwie" (1861);
- Play "Pinskaja šliachta" (Belarusian: "Пінская шляхта", "Pinsk nobility", Polish: "Pińska szlachta"; 1866)
- The first Belarusian translation of A. Mickiewicz's "Pan Tadeusz" (1859; published only partly, the circulation confiscated almost immediately).
Note: proper names and place names are rendered in BGN/PCGN.
- Вінцэнт Дунін-Марцінкевіч
- (in English) Philatelia.Net: The classical literature / Plots / Dunin-Marcinkievich Vincent
- (in Belarusian) Дунін-Марцінкевіч Вінцэнт // Мысліцелі і асветнікі Беларусі: Энцыклапедычны даведнік. Менск: Беларуская Энцыклапедыя, 1995. ISBN 985-11-0016-1
- (in German) Dunin-Marcinkievič Vincent // Weißrussische Anthologie: Ein Lesebuch zur weißrussischen Literatur (mit deutschen Überzetzungen). München: Verlag Otto Sagner, 1983. ISBN 3-87690-252-5
- (in Russian) Лапидус Н. И., Малюкович С. Д. Литература XIX века. М.: Университетское, 1992. P.147
- Silitski, Vitali and Zaprudnik, Jan. Historical Dictionary of Belarus. 2nd Edition. Lanham, MD: The Scarecrow Press, 2007. 309.
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