Viola Allen

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Viola Allen
Allen in 1907
Viola Emily Allen

(1867-10-27)October 27, 1867
DiedMay 9, 1948(1948-05-09) (aged 80)
New York City, U.S.
Years active1882–1919
Peter Edward Cornell Duryea
(m. 1905; died 1944)

Viola Emily Allen (October 27, 1867 – May 9, 1948) was an American stage actress who played leading roles in Shakespeare and other plays, including many original plays. She starred in over two dozen Broadway productions from 1885 to 1916. Beginning in 1915, she appeared in three silent films.


Allen was born in Huntsville, Alabama, on October 27, 1867,[1] (some sources say 1869),[citation needed] the daughter of actors Charles Leslie Allen and Sarah Jane[1] Lyon.[2][3] She moved to Boston at three years of age and later moved with her family to Toronto. She was educated at the Bishop Strachan School, her brothers being educated at Trinity College School, Port Hope, Ontario.[4] She then attended a boarding school in New York City,[2] Miss Cornell's School for Girls.[1]

Allen, c. 1903

Allen had her first stage appearance at the age of 14 at Madison Square Theatre in New York on July 4, 1882.[1] Annie Russell, who was playing the title role in Esmeralda, took ill at one point during the long run. Allen's father was a member of the cast, and the theater's stage manager asked if Mr. Allen would allow his daughter to play the part.[5] Allen's debut attracted the attention of actor John McCullough, who made her his leading lady in 1883.[6]

Between the years of 1884 and 1886, she performed in a variety of modern and Shakespearean plays. She performed with the best-known 19th century actors including: Tommaso Salvini, Lawrence Barrett, Joseph Jefferson, and William J. Florence.[4] She is best remembered for her roles in Shenandoah (by Bronson Howard) and Little Lord Fauntleroy (by Frances Eliza Burnett).[citation needed] From 1885 to 1916, Allen starred in over two dozen Broadway productions, creating characters in many original plays. She played classical Shakesperean and comedy roles with Salvini, Lawrence Jarrett, Joseph Jefferson and V. J. Florence. In 1898, she created the character of Glory Quayle in Hall Caine's The Christian. She acted in The Masqueraders, Under the Red Robe, The Christian,[7] In the Palace of the King (1900), Twelfth Night, A Winter's Tale, As You Like It, The Lady of Coventry (1911), and others. She played such roles as Virginia, Cordelia, Desdemona, Lydia Languish, Dolores, Julia and Roma.[4]

Allen's gravesite in New York
Allen in The Daughter of Heaven, a play by Pierre Loti and Judith Gautier, performed in 1912 at the Century Theatre in New York City[8]

Allen starred in the 1915 silent film The White Sister along with Richard Travers. The film was produced by the Essanay Studios and was based on the 1909 play The White Sister that was a hit for Allen.[citation needed]

Her last professional appearance was in 1918, at a benefit supporting war relief. She remained an active supporter of charitable and theatrical organizations.[citation needed]

Allen married Peter Edward Cornell Duryea on August 16, 1905, and they remained wed until his death in 1944.[1]

Allen died in her home in New York City on May 9, 1948, aged 78. She is buried in Sleepy Hollow Cemetery, Sleepy Hollow, New York.[9]



  1. ^ a b c d e James, Edward T. (1971). Notable American Women, 1607-1950: A Biographical Dictionary. Harvard University Press. p. 38. ISBN 978-0-674-62734-5. Retrieved March 1, 2022.
  2. ^ a b Browne, Walter and Fredrick Arnold Austin (eds.) "Who's Who on the Stage: The Dramatic Reference Book and Biographical Dictionary of the Theatre, Vol. 1", W. Browne & F. A. Austin, (1906), p. 15, accessed June 18, 2013
  3. ^ "Biographical History" Archived November 18, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Finding Aid for the Charles Leslie Allen Playbook Collection, Buffalo & Erie County Public Library, accessed October 8, 2014
  4. ^ a b c Morgan, Henry James, ed. (1903). Types of Canadian Women and of Women who are or have been Connected with Canada. Toronto: Williams Briggs. p. 10.
  5. ^ "Viola Allen, The Life and Times of Joseph Haworth, accessed November 28, 2012
  6. ^ Eaton, Walter Prichard (1910). The American Stage of Today. New York, NY: P.F. Collier & Son.
  7. ^ Clapp, pp. 63–65
  8. ^ "Loti-Gautier Play at Century Theatre", The New York Times, October 13, 1912.
  9. ^ "Viola Allen rites at Little Church". The New York Times. May 13, 1948. p. 26. Retrieved March 1, 2022.

Further reading[edit]

  • Clapp, John Bouvé; Edgett, Edwin Francis (1902). Plays of the Present. NY: The Dunlap Society.
  • L. C. Strang, Famous Actresses of the Day in America, (Boston, 1899)

External links[edit]