October 27, 1867|
Huntsville, Alabama, U.S.
|Died||May 9, 1948
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Occupation||Film, stage actress|
|Spouse(s)||Peter C. Duryea (1905-1944; his death)|
Viola Emily Allen (October 27, 1867 – May 9, 1948) was an American stage actress who played leading roles in Shakespeare and other plays, including many original plays. She starred in over two dozen Broadway productions from 1885 to 1916. Beginning in 1915, she appeared in three silent films.
Allen was born in Huntsville, Alabama in 1867 (some sources say 1869 see discussion), the daughter of actors C. Leslie Allen (1830–1917) and Sarah Lyon. She moved to Boston at three years of age and later moved with her family to Toronto. She was educated at the Bishop Strachan School, her brothers being educated at Trinity College School, Port Hope, Ontario. She then attended a boarding school in New York City.
Allen had her first stage appearance at the age of 15 at Madison Square Theatre in New York in 1882. Annie Russell, who was playing the title role in Esmeralda, took ill at one point during the long run. Allen's father was a member of the cast, and the theater's stage manager asked if Mr. Allen would allow his daughter to play the part. Allen's debut attracted the attention of actor John McCullough, who made her his leading lady in 1884.
Between the years of 1884 and 1886, she performed in a variety of modern and Shakespearean plays. She performed with the best-known 19th century actors. She is best remembered for her roles in Shenandoah (by Bronson Howard) and Little Lord Fauntleroy (by Frances Eliza Burnett). From 1885 to 1916, Allen starred in over two dozen Broadway productions, creating characters in many original plays. She played classical Shakesperean and comedy roles with Salvini, Lawrence Jarrett, Joseph Jefferson and V. J. Florence. In 1898, she created the character of Gloria Quayle in "The Christian." She acted in The Masqueraders, Under the Red Robe, The Christian, In the Palace of the King (1900), Twelfth Night, A Winter's Tale, As You Like It, The Lady of Coventry (1911), and others. She played such roles as Virginia, Cordelia, Desdemona, Lydia Languish, Dolores, Julia and Roma.
Allen starred in the 1915 silent film The White Sister along with Richard Travers. The film was produced by the Essanay Studios and was based on the 1909 play The White Sister that was a hit for Allen. She was married to Peter Duryea. Her last professional appearance was in 1918, at a benefit supporting war relief. She remained an active supporter of charitable and theatrical organizations.
- The Scales of Justice (1914)
- The White Sister (1915)
- Open Your Eyes (1919)
- Browne, Walter and Fredrick Arnold Austin (eds.) "Who's Who on the Stage: The Dramatic Reference Book and Biographical Dictionary of the Theatre, Vol. 1", W. Browne & F. A. Austin, (1906), p. 15, accessed June 18, 2013
- "Biographical History", Finding Aid for the Charles Leslie Allen Playbook Collection, Buffalo & Erie County Public Library, accessed October 8, 2014
- Morgan, Henry James. "Types of Canadian women and of women who are or have been connected with Canada" (Toronto, 1903)
- "Viola Allen, The Life and Times of Joseph Haworth, accessed November 28, 2012
- Eaton, Walter Prichard (1910). The American Stage of Today. New York, NY: P.F. Collier & Son.
- Clapp, pp. 63–65
- Clapp, John Bouvé; Edgett, Edwin Francis (1902). Plays of the Present. NY: The Dunlap Society.
- L. C. Strang, Famous Actresses of the Day in America, (Boston, 1899)
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