Viola canina

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Viola canina
Viola riviniana and canina.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Violaceae
Genus: Viola
Species: V. canina
Binomial name
Viola canina
L. [1]

Viola canina (heath dog-violet[2] or heath violet) is a species of the genus Viola, native to Europe, where it is found in the uplands of box hill in Dorset, heaths, fens, and moist woodlands, especially on acidic soils.[3]

It is a herbaceous perennial plant growing to 5–15 cm tall. The flowers are pale blue, produced from April to July. Colonies of plants may be extensive.[3]


  1. ^  Viola canina was first described and published in Species Plantarum 2: 935. 1753 "Name - Viola canina L.". Tropicos. Saint Louis, Missouri: Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved August 21, 2011. 
  2. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-02-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  3. ^ a b Blamey, M. & Grey-Wilson, C. (1989). Flora of Britain and Northern Europe. Hodder & Stoughton. ISBN 0-340-40170-2.