Viola cornuta

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Viola cornuta
Viola cornuta pineta.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Violaceae
Genus: Viola
Species: V. cornuta
Binomial name
Viola cornuta

Viola cornuta, known as horned pansy[1] or horned violet, is a low-growing, clump-forming temperate evergreen perennial in the genus Viola (violet), native to the Pyrenees and the Cordillera Cantábrica of northern Spain at altitude of 1,000–2,300 metres (3,300–7,500 ft).[2] It grows to 50 cm in height and spread. It has mid-green ovate leaves with rounded teeth, and masses of delicate pale violet flowers in early summer. The flower consists of five strap-shaped petals with a slender spur.[3][4]

This plant,[5] and its white cultivar, 'Alba group',[6] have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.


  1. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-02-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  2. ^ F. Muñoz Garmendia, P. Montserrat, M. Laínz & J. J. Aldasoro. "Viola L.". Plumbaginaceae (partim) – Capparaceae (PDF). Flora Iberica. 3. pp. 276–317. ISBN 978-84-00-08359-5. 
  3. ^ Fuller, Rodney (1993). Pansies, violas and violettas: the complete guide. United Kingdom: Crowood Press. ISBN 978-1-85223-748-6. 
  4. ^ Edwards, Ray (1999). Hardy perennials: RHS practicals. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 
  5. ^ "RHS Plant Selector "Viola cornuta"". Retrieved 8 June 2013. 
  6. ^ "RHS Plant Selector "Viola cornuta" 'Alba group'". Retrieved 8 June 2013. 

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