Viola labradorica

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Viola labradorica
Alpine Violet Viola labradorica Flower Closeup 1456px.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Violaceae
Genus: Viola
V. labradorica
Binomial name
Viola labradorica
Viola labradorica growing in the Botanischer Garten at Krefeld

Viola labradorica, commonly known as alpine violet,[2] American dog violet,[3] dog violet,[4] and Labrador violet,[3][5][6] is a perennial native to eastern Canada, Greenland, and the United States. The plant sold as Viola labradorica by nurseries is Viola riviniana.[citation needed]



Viola labradorica has edible leaves and flowers. The leaves are sometimes characterized as "wooly" and thus not as desirable for eating.[7]

Similar species[edit]

A purple-leaved form of the European dog-violet (Viola riviniana 'Purpurea Group'), is often sold by nurseries as Viola labradorica. The true Viola labradorica is almost never sold.[8]

Viola riviana is grown as a flowering groundcover in gardens and as a house plant. It can become naturalized, or even an invasive species, when planted near adjacent native plant habitats and natural-wildland ecosystems.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Viola labradorica was originally described and published in Denkschriften der Bayer. Botanischen Gesellschaft in Regensburg 2: 12. 1818
    "Name - Viola labradorica Schrank". Tropicos. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved August 21, 2011.
  2. ^ "Viola labradorica". Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
  3. ^ a b "Viola labradorica (American dog violet, Labrador violet)". Go Botany. New England Wildflower Society.
  4. ^ Hilty, John (2016). "Dog Violet (Viola conspersa)". Illinois Wildflowers.
  5. ^ "Viola labradorica". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).
  6. ^ Common names for American dog violet (Viola labradorica) at the Encyclopedia of Life
  7. ^ Jacke, Toensmeier, Edible Forest Gardens Volume One
  8. ^ Viola labradorica 'purpurea' = V. riviniana? (what's the story). Violet Forum. GardenWeb Forums.

External links[edit]