Viola nephrophylla

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Viola nephrophylla
Viola nephrophylla2.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Violaceae
Genus: Viola
V. nephrophylla
Binomial name
Viola nephrophylla
Viola nephrophylla distribution.png
Distribution of Viola nephrophylla
  • Viola maccabeana
    M.S. Baker
  • Viola pratincola
  • Viola retusa

Viola nephrophylla (northern bog violet, Leconte violet, or kidney leaved violet) syn. Viola nephrophylla Greene f. albinea (Farw.), Viola pratincola Greene, Viola retusa Greene ) is an annual or perennial forb in the Violet family (Violaceae) native to North America.[1]

Viola nephrophylla was named by Edward Lee Greene in 1896 from specimens he collected near Montrose, Colorado. The species name, nephrophylla, is from the Greek for "kidney shaped leaves".[2]

Conservation status within the United States[edit]

It is listed endangered in Massachusetts, New York, and Ohio, as threatened in New Hampshire,[3] and as a special concern in Connecticut.[4]

Native American ethnobotany[edit]

The Ramah Navajo use the plant as a ceremonial emetic.[5]


  1. ^ "Viola nephrophylla". Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point. Retrieved 2010-03-10.
  2. ^ Schneider, Al. "Viola". Southwest Colorado Wildflowers. Gothic, Colorado: Rocky Mountain Biological Laboratory. Retrieved 2010-03-10.
  3. ^ "Plants Profile for Viola nephrophylla (northern bog violet)". Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  4. ^ "Connecticut's Endangered, Threatened and Special Concern Species 2015" (PDF). State of Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection Bureau of Natural Resources. Retrieved 15 January 2018. (Note: This list is newer than the one used by and is more up-to-date.)
  5. ^ Vestal, Paul A. (1952). "The Ethnobotany of the Ramah Navaho". Papers of the Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology. 40 (4): 36.