Violently Happy

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"Violently Happy"
Single by Björk
from the album Debut
B-side "Come to Me" "Anchor Song" "Human Behaviour"
Released 7 March 1994
Length 4:59
3:30 (video edit)
Label One Little Indian
  • Björk
  • Hooper
Producer(s) Nellee Hooper
Björk singles chronology
"Big Time Sensuality"
"Violently Happy"
"Army of Me"
"Big Time Sensuality"
"Violently Happy"
"Army of Me"

"Violently Happy" is a song by Icelandic singer Björk, released as the fifth and final single from her album Debut in 1994. The song was written by Björk and Nellee Hooper, who helped her in writing and producing most of the album. The lyrics speak of Björk feeling a love so intense that it is actually dangerous, requesting that her lover return to "calm her down". Musically, it's an upbeat song. "Violently Happy" peaked at #13 in the UK[2] and reached #4 on the US dance charts.[3]

The song was released in March 1994 and received positive reviews from music critics, which praised its musicality and its dance-pop appeal. The song received an accompanying music video which was shot by Jean-Baptiste Mondino, in which Björk and many guest appearances (including a then unknown Norman Reedus) dance frantically in a kind of asylum while they're cutting out their hair or parts of dolls. Björk performed the song live on TV a few times, including on Top of the Pops.


After leaving The Sugarcubes, Björk traveled to London where she began having contacts with electronic music, and that inspired her to change her musical style from the pop-rock sounds of the Sugarcubes to a more alternative and electronic style of music. "Violently Happy" was released as the last single from Debut and demonstrates this musical shift. Björk explained:

Björk further said that the song was inspired by her living in Reykjavík and being far away from her lover: "For me, it's quite a brave thing. It's like putting your diary out for everyone to read. Of course, I didn't put everything in, I very carefully edited it. I'm very good with scissors".[5] The lyrics are autobiographical as Björk stated: "It's just the same as if you go out with a mate and get drunk and get to the 'truth' stage and you wake up next day and think 'fuck, what did I say?'. Sometimes you feel fine, sometimes you feel embarrassed, sometimes you feel a friend has told you something they shouldn't have. I think our instincts know when you've given too much".[6]


"Violently Happy" is an upbeat track influenced by techno. Its genres range from dance to synthpop. The song begins with a nearly a cappella section, in which Björk sings the line "Since I met you/ this small town/hasn't got room", underscored only by ambient sounds. When Björk continue the verse "For my/ big feelings" percussion starts to play and lead into a house influenced score. The song is dominated by techno grooves mixed with percussions and drums. After Björk finishes the second refrain, a funk-rock oriented interlude starts, juxtaposed with repeating Björk vocals.

Portions of the melody are influenced by, if not directly lifted from, Björk's earlier composition "I'm Hungry" from The Sugarcubes' album Stick Around for Joy.

Critical reception[edit]

"Violently Happy" received generally positive reviews from music critics. In particular, Simon Reynolds of The New York Times praised the song generally "The title of “Violently Happy” captures the Björk effect perfectly : a gush and rush of euphoria, a tidal wave of oceanic feeling. Over the song’s brisk house beats, Björk stammers as she struggles to express feelings of excitement so intense she seems on the brink of leaping out of her skin : “I’m driving my car too fast with ecstatic music on/ I’m daring people to jump off roofs with me.” In the end, she and Mr. Hooper resort to studio wizardry to gesture at inexpressible feelings, sampling one syllable and turning it into a stuttering vocal tic".[7] The Daily Telegraph's journalist Emily Bearn noticed that "Violently Happy" finds her making guttural noises at the sea : "I tip-toe down to the shore/Stand by the ocean/Make it roar at me/And I roar back".[8]

The song was defined "bittersweet" by Heather Phares of Allmusic,[9] and "insanely addictive" by Sean McCarthy of The Daily Vault, which also deemed its title as "one of the best song titles of all time".[10] Brantley Bardin of Details commented that "Songs like “Violently Happy” summed up a worldview that put all its faith in emotional abandon instead of logic. “Too much cleverness,” says Björk, “is the worst disease in the world. It ruins everything. Give us a laugh—make us happy".[11]

Music video[edit]

In a scene of the music video, Björk removes the innards from a teddy bear


The music video was directed by Jean-Baptiste Mondino. To shoot it, Björk flew to Los Angeles in January 1994[5] and she found herself involved in the 1994 Northridge earthquake, and as such the shooting was postponed until the next day. Nettie Walker, Björk co-manager, recalled the event and described Björk's peculiar behavior: "When she did the video for "Violently Happy" in LA, she was there in the middle of the earthquake. She described it like, a huge rumbling, deep in your stomach, which is exactly Björk, that she found it a brilliant rather than frightening experience. Everyone was trying to get hold of her to see if she was OK, but she had gone to the video shoot, dead on time, ready to start. That’s how Björk is, committed to doing something... She’s into this magpie mentality."[12] and this was further confirmed by Mondino, who added: "She said she was so happy to have experienced the earthquake, and on top of that she didn’t have her son with her so she was freer to experience it without fear... For me she is an iceberg, we only see a little tip of it".[12]


The video starts with a man, seemingly with white hair, shaking his head frantically in a padded room of a mental institute, where the entire video takes place. Björk appears in a white dress resembling an open straitjacket with pieces of hair surrounding her. Various scenes are intermingled: a girl seems to have cut down the hair of a doll to resemble hers, while various models look into the camera, some with scissors, others with dolls.

As the chorus starts, a patient begins to cut his hair with an electric razor, and Björk herself appears to cut her hair with scissors. Sounds of snipping of scissors are overlaid on the track. During one scene, Björk carries a teddy bear; while the video continues and the patients dance and caress their dolls or cut their hair, Björk disembowels the bear, removing all the foam rubber from it. The patients keep on dancing and acting emotionally throughout the room, and the white hair of the patient from the first scene is revealed to be shaving soap as he shaves his head with a razor. The video ends with a patient pulling a string from a doll, which garbledly pronounces "I'm the baby". This sound sample and all of this doll's samples are from the Disney show Dinosaurs.


The video received lukewarm reviews from critics. Charles Taylor of stated that "Jean-Baptiste Mondino’s "Violently Happy", is what most people mean when they talk about how bad videos can be, as cold and pretentious and humorless as the worst fashion photography".[13]

MTV found the video a bit too violent so when they showed the video it received a formal warning from the Independent Television Commission.[5]

Live performances[edit]

Björk performed the song in a few TV appearances. On February 12, 1994, she performed the song in the French show Nulle Part Ailleurs, and on March 17, 1994, she performed "Violently Happy" on Top of the Pops. She further performed it on MTV show 3 From 1, along "Venus as a Boy". The song was part of Björk MTV Unplugged performance, which was released on her DVD MTV Unplugged / Live and on Debut Live, included in Live Box

The song was performed during her first three tours. The performance during the Debut Tour was released on Vessel, where she wears a dress similar to the one wore in the music video. The performance of the song during the Post Tour, where "Violently Happy" was usually the encore was heavily praised by critics. Nick Coleman of The Independent stated that during "Violently Happy" "Björk formed a stubby pencil shape and bounced herself silly".[14] During its review of Björk's performance at The Academy, MTV Online complimented the singer's energy and wrote that "during "Violently Happy", I thought maybe someone might have snuck something into the coffee I had before the show",[15] on a similar note, Barry Walters of The San Francisco Examiner stated that "a relatively low-key track like "Violently Happy" was turned into the evening’s pounding peak".[16]

Its performance during the Homogenic Tour was praised by James Sullivan of the San Francisco Chronicle, who wrote that "As the string section sat motionless during the dance track "Violently Happy", Björk raced back and forth in bare feet to the syncopated thump. She’s an irrepressible dust devil, a former child star who knows how to command attention."[17]

Track listing[edit]

No. Title Length
1. "Violently Happy" (7" edit) 3:35
2. "Anchor Song" (Acoustic version) 3:20
3. "Come to Me" (Acoustic version) 5:22
4. "Human Behaviour" (Acoustic version) 3:00
No. Title Length
1. "Violently Happy" (Fluke – Even Tempered) 4:33
2. "Violently Happy" (Massey Mix – Long) 6:08
3. "Violently Happy" (Masters at Work 12") 6:03
4. "Violently Happy" (12" vocal) 4:53
5. "Violently Happy" (Fluke – Well Tempered) 5:45
6. "Violently Happy" (Massey – Other Mix) 7:30
7. "Violently Happy" (Vox Dub) 4:39

For a complete list of official releases : Official Björk's Discography at 77island
For a complete list of releases : Discogs Violently Happy master release page


Chart (1994) Peak
Australia (ARIA)[18][19] 94
France (SNEP)[20] 31
Germany (Media Control Charts)[21] 100
Scotland (Official Charts Company)[22] 15
UK Singles Chart[2] 13
U.S. Billboard Hot Dance Music/Club Play[3] 4


  • 7" edit (Nellee Hooper)
  • 12" vocal (Hooper)
  • Basso Hitto Dubbo (Masters at Work)
  • Domestic Mix (Björk)
  • Edit Version (Hooper)
  • Fluke - Even Tempered (Fluke)
  • Fluke - Well Tempered (Fluke)
  • Live at Wembley Arena
  • Long Mix (Graham Massey)
  • Other Mix (Massey)
  • Masters at Work 12" (Masters at Work)
  • Masters at Work Dub (Masters at Work)
  • Vocal and Organ Mix (Björk)
  • Vox Dub (Hooper)
  • Video Version


  1. ^ "Debut: The making, breaking and legacy of Björk's masterpiece". NME. 13 July 2013. Retrieved 1 March 2014. The most hardcore techno track on the album, this is a boogle-eyed, clenched-teeth embodiment of the rush out-of-control infatuation. 
  2. ^ a b "Official Charts > Björk". The Official UK Charts Company. Retrieved 8 March 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "Billboard > Artists / Björk > Chart History > Dance Club Songs". Billboard. Retrieved 8 March 2016. 
  4. ^ " bites Björk & Goldie". Retrieved 1 January 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c "Björk "Violently happy"". Retrieved 1 January 2012. 
  6. ^ "'Violently Happy'". Retrieved 1 January 2012. 
  7. ^ Reynolds, Simon. "Jazzy Love Songs Tinged With an Oceanic Feeling". Retrieved 1 January 2012. 
  8. ^ Bearn, Emily. "Quietly Happy". Retrieved 1 January 2012. 
  9. ^ Phares, Heather. "Debut Björk". Retrieved 1 January 2012. 
  10. ^ McCarthy, Sean. "Debut Bjork". Retrieved 1 January 2012. 
  11. ^ Brantley, Bradin. "Pixie Shtick". Retrieved 1 January 2012. 
  12. ^ a b "Our friend's Icelandic! — The secret life of Björk". Retrieved 2 January 2012. 
  13. ^ Taylor, Charles. "Elf conscious". Retrieved 2 January 2012. 
  14. ^ Coleman, Nick. "Hyperactive Human Behaviour". Retrieved 2 January 2012. 
  15. ^ "Björk @ The Academy". Retrieved 2 January 2012. 
  16. ^ Walters, Barry. "All you need is Björk". Retrieved 2 January 2012. 
  17. ^ Sullivan, James. "Björk Casts a Cool Spell". Retrieved 2 January 2012. 
  18. ^ "The ARIA Australian Top 100 Singles Chart – Week Ending 31 Jul 1994". ARIA. Retrieved 8 March 2016. 
  19. ^ Ryan, Gavin (2011). Australia's Music Charts 1988-2010. Mt. Martha, VIC, Australia: Moonlight Publishing. 
  20. ^ " > Björk – Violently Happy (Chanson)" (in French). Hung Medien. Retrieved 8 March 2016. 
  21. ^ "Offizielle Deutsche Charts > Björk – Violently Happy (single)" (in German). GfK Entertainment. Retrieved 8 March 2016. 
  22. ^ "Official Scottish Singles Sales Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved October 12, 2014.