Violet (Hole song)

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Cover art from 7" vinyl release
Single by Hole
from the album Live Through This
ReleasedFebruary 8, 1995 (1995-02-08)
  • CD single
  • 7"
RecordedOctober 1993 (1993-10)
StudioTriclops Sound Studios
(Marietta, Georgia, U.S.)
Hole singles chronology
"Doll Parts"
"Softer, Softest"

"Violet" is a song by American alternative rock band Hole, written by vocalist and guitarist Courtney Love and guitarist Eric Erlandson. The song was written in mid-1991, and was performed live between 1991 and 1992 during Hole's earlier tours, eventually appearing as the opening track on the band's second studio album Live Through This (1994). The song was released as the group's seventh single and the third from that album in early 1995.

Love has stated several times that the song was written about her relationship with Smashing Pumpkins frontman Billy Corgan in 1990,[2] and the lyrics speak from the point of view of an angry narrator who has abandoned a romance. Several critics and scholars have noted parallels in the lyrics between Corgan as well as Love's late husband, Kurt Cobain, alongside themes of sexual exploitation and violence, self-abasement, and resentment.

"Violet" peaked at number 29 on the Billboard's Modern Rock Tracks after the album's release in 1994, and is considered one of Hole's most well-known and critically recognized songs.[3] It charted at number 116 on The 500 Greatest Songs Since You Were Born list by Blender magazine in 2005.[4] The cover artwork for the single features a Victorian mourning portrait of a deceased young girl which was taken from the historical archives of Stanley B. Burns.[5] A music video, released in 1995, features Love among numerous strippers performing in an early-20th century dance hall, contrasted with ballerinas and young girls dancing on a stage.

Background and recording[edit]

Love finished writing "Violet" at St. Andrew's Hall in Detroit in 1991

Love began writing "Violet" in the fall of 1991, during the band's Pretty on the Inside tour; she stated that she partly wrote the song at Jabberjaw, a rock club in Los Angeles.[6] In a 1995 interview, she stated that she finished the song in the band's tour van outside St. Andrews Hall in Detroit, Michigan during the band's sound check. As Love recalled, "[It was] on Halloween... we were opening for the Laughing Hyenas, and there were 40 people there. [I had heard] five songs from Nevermind, and I was so jealous of those songs that I had to try to top them. I could not believe that somebody I knew, somebody from our underground, had written a batch of songs so fiercely great."[7] The band played the song live in Toronto, Ontario, Canada on November 1, 1991[8] during the band's tour to promote their first album, Pretty on the Inside. Early versions of the song were played several times between 1991 and 1992 at other live performances.

The first known studio version of "Violet" was recorded on November 19, 1991 at Maida Vale Studios[9] as part of Hole's first radio session with BBC DJ John Peel.[10] In October 1993, the band recorded the album version of the song as part of the Live Through This sessions at Triclops Studios in Atlanta, Georgia. The recording from the 1991 Peel session was included on the band's 1995 EP Ask For It, along with "Doll Parts", which was recorded during the same studio visit.

On both Live Through This and the individual single, the songwriting is credited collectively to Hole, however according to BMI's website, "Violet" was written only by Eric Erlandson and Courtney Love.[11]


The song is composed of a series of 3-note power chords, and veers between "soft verses and harsher choruses."[12] The verses of the song feature a singular chord progression composed of the power chords (E5-C5-G5). The choruses of the song feature a three-chord progression (E5-F5-G5), as well as a chord progression similar to that of the chorus (E5-C5-D5-A5). There are two guitars featured in the song, with Love playing clean rhythm guitar and Erlandson playing lead guitar with heavy distortion.

"Violet" was reputedly written about The Smashing Pumpkins frontman Billy Corgan, with whom Love had had a relationship with prior to her relationship with Nirvana frontman Kurt Cobain. On May 5, 1995, Love introduced the song on Later... with Jools Holland as "a song about a jerk, I hexed him and now he's losing his hair",[2] which is seen as a reference to Corgan's hair loss.[13] As a result of the reports that the song was written about Corgan, it was featured at No. 9 on The Daily Beast's "14 Fiercest Breakup Songs" list in 2010.[13]

Variations of lyrics that would end up in the song, most distinctly lines like: "The sky turned violet / I want it again / And violent more violent", are featured in a poem titled "Above The Boy" that Love had written earlier in 1991.[14]


Bessie Smith in 1936
Janis Joplin in 1969
Some critics have compared "Violet" to works by Bessie Smith and Janis Joplin

Scholar Carol Siegel compared "Violet" to Janis Joplin's "Piece of My Heart" as a "popular song styling of female sexuality at different points in white women's emancipation."[15] Commenting on the song's lyrical content, she writes that "Love's body becomes the battleground upon which she meets and defeats males who would possess her."[16] Siegel suggests that the song's lyrics toy with the idea of offering one's body for subjugation, but that Love shifts the power dynamic "at the moment of her offer...  she reasserts her control, not unlike Bessie Smith challenging her listeners to deny that her body belongs to her, to destroy because it is she who chooses."[16] Furthermore, Siegel suggests that the song's title itself alludes to the word "violate" as Love vocalizes it in her performance.[16]

Music critic Ronald Lankford echoes a similar sentiment, interpreting the song as being clearly written from the perspective of a woman speaking to her former lover, as well as "no one in particular,"[17] and also characterizes the song as a "mini-drama between lasting love and temporary fame."[18] Other music scholars, such as Anwen Crawford, have drawn parallels between the song's lyrical references to amethyst and "little fish" to Kurt Cobain and Billy Corgan, both of whom were born in February (the month whose birthstone is amethyst), and whose astrological signs are Pisces.[19]


"Violet" was the band's third most popular single from Live Through This, behind "Doll Parts" and "Miss World", charting at number 29 in the Billboard's Modern Rock Tracks in April 1995,[20] and went on to become one of the band's signature songs. It was released as a single on February 8, 1995.[a]

The song was well-reviewed by critics. "Live Through This is barely seconds old before Courtney takes 'Violet' by the horns and bellows, 'Go, take everything! Take everything, I dare you to!' in a manner guaranteed to have anyone who has ever given her so much as a surly glance watching their backs," noted Clark Collis in Select.[23] Rolling Stone said of it: "With its daydream whispers and startling gunshot-guitar chorus, "Violet" shakes, rattles and roars like a godless marriage of "Smells Like Teen Spirit" and Fleetwood Mac's "Go Your Own Way.""[24] The song was placed in a 2010 NME article titled Hole's 10 Finest Moments, where it was referred to as "the quintessential Hole track" and a "titanic temper tantrum and exhilarating rush of inconsolable rage at full vent... "Go on, take everything, take everything I want you to", she bellows, turning powerlessness into power over riffs that swing from sweet and melancholy to boiling and volcanic on a dime."[3]

The song has been featured in several films, and in 2005 ranked at number 116 on The 500 Greatest Songs Since You Were Born list by Blender magazine.[4]

Music video[edit]

The music video contrasts women dancing in an early-20th-century strip club with footage of ballerinas performing[25]

The promotional music video for "Violet" was filmed in late 1994 and was directed by Mark Seliger and Fred Woodward.[26] The video is filmed largely in sepia tones and features a 1920s-era strip club with burlesque dancers, juxtaposed with footage of several young ballerinas and young girls dancing on a theatre stage.[25] Writer Barbara O'Dair summarized the video as consisting of "innocent girls in tutus juxtaposed with naughty, fleshy sex-club dancers."[26] Love pole dances in the music video in the period fashion, and is also featured in a tutu on the ballet stage with the girls. These scenes are integrated with footage of the band performing the song.[25]

The video follows themes discussed in the song, particularly sexual exploitation of women.[16] According to Love, the content of the video was inspired by "acid flashbacks" and "old film stock".[27] "I love old pornography," Love said, "But I wanted to at the same time, you know... all of the [music] videos for years that have put stripping or half-naked women on a pedestal, I wanted to sort of show the degrading experience that it is."[27] Siegel notes that the music video replays Love's "well-known past as a stripper through performances that are more threatening than erotic."[16] An article in Spin described the aged footage in the video as avant-garde.[28] Many of the scenes in the video aesthetically mimic early-20th century silent films and talkies, with faux-aged cinematography and lapses in audio and visual synchronization.[28]

The music video was the first video to feature newly recruited bassist Melissa Auf der Maur after the death of Kristen Pfaff in June 1994. In a 1995 interview during the KROQ Weenie Roast, Auf der Maur commented on the music video's themes, citing "pornography versus ballet, strippers, and beautiful out-of-synch artwork".[29] According to drummer Patty Schemel, the dancers featured in the music video were actual strippers handpicked by Courtney Love from Jumbo's Clown Room, a Los Angeles dance bar where Love had worked in the 1980s.[29]

Track listing[edit]

All songs written by Courtney Love and Eric Erlandson, except where noted.

Credits and personnel[edit]


Chart (1995) Peak
Australia (ARIA) 110 [31]
Finland (Suomen virallinen lista) 20 [32]
Netherlands (Single Top 100) 45 [33]
UK Singles (The Official Charts Company) 17 [34]
US Billboard Modern Rock Tracks 29 [35]


  1. ^ Amazon's catalogue listing for the CD single notes a release of February 8, 1995,[21] which is corroborated by the February 11, 1995 Billboard listing, which denotes "Violet" as a "new" single that week.[22]
  2. ^ a b "He Hit Me", "Whose Porno You Burn" and "Credit in the Straight World" were recorded live at MTV Unplugged in New York on February 14, 1995, Tempodrom in Berlin on April 22, 1995 and Hollywood Palladium on November 9, 1994, respectively.


  1. ^ Danaher, Michael (August 4, 2014). "The 50 Best Grunge Songs". Paste. Archived from the original on December 17, 2014.
  2. ^ a b Love, Courtney (May 5, 1995). "Hole - "Violet"". Later... with Jools Holland. Season 5.
  3. ^ a b Mackay, Emily (July 28, 2009). "Lived Through This – Hole's 10 Finest Moments". NME. Retrieved August 19, 2011.
  4. ^ a b "The 500 Greatest Songs Since You Were Born". Blender. 2005 – via Listal.
  5. ^ Lankford 2009, pp. 80–81.
  6. ^ Hopper, Jessica (April 14, 2014). "You Will Ache Like I Ache: The Oral History of Hole's 'Live Through This'". Spin. Archived from the original on November 21, 2015.
  7. ^ Marks, Craig (February 1995). "Endless Love". Spin. Vol. 10 no. 11. p. 50. ISSN 0886-3032.
  8. ^ " – The Ultimate Hole Trading Community v 3.0". Retrieved December 11, 2010.
  9. ^ Crawford 2014, p. 7.
  10. ^ "The Peel Sessions 19/11/1991 – Hole". Keeping It Peel. BBC Radio 1. October 2005. Retrieved December 11, 2010.
  11. ^ "BMI Repertoire Search,". BMI. Retrieved April 10, 2010.
  12. ^ Lankford 2009, p. 88.
  13. ^ a b ""Violet" by Courtney Love – The 14 Fiercest Breakup Songs". Comcast. Archived from the original on October 3, 2012. Retrieved August 18, 2011.
  14. ^ Love 2006, p. 120.
  15. ^ Siegel 2000, p. 137.
  16. ^ a b c d e Siegel 2000, p. 138.
  17. ^ Lankford 2009, p. 85.
  18. ^ Lankford 2009, p. 87.
  19. ^ Crawford 2014, pp. 1–2.
  20. ^ "Hole – Live Through This chart positions". Billboard. Retrieved August 19, 2011.
  21. ^ "Violet by Hole". Amazon. Archived from the original on September 28, 2019.
  22. ^ "Modern Rock Tracks". Billboard. Vol. 107 no. 6. p. 85. ISSN 0006-2510.
  23. ^ Harrison, Andrew (May 1994). "Love and Death". Select: 32. ISSN 0959-8367.
  24. ^ Fricke, David (April 21, 1994). "Live Through This by Hole". Rolling Stone. Retrieved August 19, 2011.
  25. ^ a b c Love, Courtney; Mark Seliger, Fred Woodward (1995). "Violet" (Music video). Geffen Records. Event occurs at 1:18.
  26. ^ a b O'Dair 1997, p. 468.
  27. ^ a b "Hole: Interview". The NewMusic. Canada. 1995. Event occurs at 9:30. Retrieved October 1, 2019.
  28. ^ a b Callahan, Maureen; France, Kim (November 1997). "Girls! Girls! Girls!". Spin. Vol. 13 no. 8. pp. 93–94. ISSN 0886-3032.
  29. ^ a b Auf der Maur, Melissa; Erlandson, Eric; Schemel, Patty (June 17, 1995). "KROQ Weenie Roast and Sing-A-Long" (Interview). Los Angeles, California, US. [1]
  30. ^ a b c "Hole (2) – Violet at Discogs". Retrieved December 11, 2010.
  31. ^ "Response from ARIA re: chart inquiry, received July 12, 2016". Retrieved July 12, 2016.
  32. ^ Pennanen, Timo (2006). Sisältää hitin – levyt ja esittäjät Suomen musiikkilistoilla vuodesta 1972 (in Finnish) (1st ed.). Helsinki: Tammi. ISBN 978-951-1-21053-5.
  33. ^ "Hole - Violet". Dutch Charts. Single Top 100 (in Dutch). Archived from the original on July 7, 2012.
  34. ^ "HOLE – The Official Charts Company". Official UK Charts. Retrieved December 11, 2010.
  35. ^ "Hole Album & Song Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved December 11, 2010.