|Deputy Chairperson of the Rajya Sabha|
19 April 1962 – 16 November 1969
|Born||24 April 1908|
|Died||20 November 1969(aged 61)|
|Cause of death||cerebral haemorrhage|
Violet Hari Alva (24 April 1908 – 20 November 1969) was an Indian lawyer, politician and Deputy Chairperson of the Rajya Sabha. She was the first woman lawyer to appear before a High Court in India and the first to preside over the Rajya Sabha.
Alva was born Violet Hari on 24 April 1908 in Ahmedabad. She was the eighth of nine children. Violet's father, Reverend Laxman Hari, was one of the first Indian pastors of the Church of England. Having lost both her parents when she was sixteen, her older siblings provided for her education till her matriculation at Bombay's Clare Road Convent. She graduated from St. Xavier's College, Bombay and Government Law College. For a while thereafter, she was a professor of English at the Indian Women's University, Bombay.
In 1937, Violet Hari married freedom fighter and later parliamentarian Joachim Alva. The couple set up legal practice together. In 1943, Violet Alva was arrested by British Indian authorities. Pregnant with her second son, Chittaranjan, Alva was imprisoned in Arthur Road Jail.
In 1969, Alva resigned after Indira Gandhi declined to back her as Vice-President of India.
Violet Alva suffered a fatal cerebral haemorrhage three days after resigning on 20 November 1969.
- "Former Deputy Chairmen of the Rajya Sabha". Rajya Sabha Official website.
- "Rajya Sabha Members Biographical Sketches 1952 - 2003 :A" (PDF). Rajya Sabha website.
- "Biographical Sketches of Deputy Chairmen Rajya Sabha" (PDF). Rajya Sabha website.
- "Smt. Margaret Alva,: Bio-sketch". Parliament of India website.
- A stamp in memory of Joachim and Violet Alva Rediff.com, 20 November 2008.
- "Picture perfect parliamentarians". The Hindu. 4 December 2007.