10 March 1900
|Died||15 September 2017|
(aged 117 years, 189 days)
|Cause of death||Dehydration and cardiac arrhythmia|
|Other names||Violete Brown, Violet Mosse-Brown, Violet Moss|
|Known for||Oldest living person (15 April 2017 – 15 September 2017)|
Oldest Jamaican person ever
First verified Jamaican supercentenarian
Last known surviving subject of Queen Victoria
|Spouse(s)||Augustus Gaynor Brown (died 1978)|
Violet Brown (née Mosse; 10 March 1900 – 15 September 2017) was a Jamaican supercentenarian who was the oldest verified living person in the world for five months, following the death of Emma Morano on 15 April 2017 until her own death at the age of 117 years, 189 days on 15 September 2017. She was the fifth-oldest person in history at the time of her death and along with Nabi Tajima of Japan, was one of the last two living people known to have been born in the 19th century.
Violet Mosse was one of four children born in Duanvale, Trelawny, British Jamaica, to John Mosse, who was a sugar boiler, and Elizabeth Riley. She was baptized at the age of 13 into the Baptist Church. She married Augustus Gaynor Brown, with whom she had one daughter. She had six children in total, four of whom were still living at the time of her death in 2017.
When asked about the reasons for her longevity, Brown claimed there was no secret formula to her long life, telling the Jamaica Gleaner: "Really and truly, when people ask what I eat and drink to live so long, I say to them that I eat everything, except pork and chicken, and I don't drink rum and dem tings".
She is the oldest verified Jamaican person ever and the first verified supercentenarian from Jamaica. Her date of birth was variously reported as 4 March 1900, 10 March 1900, and 15 March 1900. However, it was officially recognised as 10 March 1900 by the Gerontology Research Group in 2014.
Brown died on 15 September 2017 at a hospital in Montego Bay, Saint James Parish, at the age of 117, after being diagnosed with dehydration and irregular heartbeat a week prior. Following her death Nabi Tajima became the oldest living person and the last living person born in the 19th century.
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- Steve Robson (16 September 2017). "Violet Brown: Oldest person in the world has died aged 117-years-old in Jamaica". Retrieved 18 September 2017.
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- "Violet Moss Foundation – Just another WordPress site". violetmossfoundation.org. Retrieved 16 August 2017.
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- Press, Associated. "Man, 97, dies just days after mother was declared world's oldest person". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 19 April 2017.
- "Violet Mosse Brown — 116 amazing years!". Jamaica Observer. 23 May 2016. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
- "Japanese Woman Becomes Oldest Person in the World". NewsBeat Social. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
- "Jamaica's Violet Brown dies at 117; Japan woman now oldest". CTVNews. 2017-09-17. Retrieved 2017-09-19.
- Violet Mosse Foundation, a nonprofit support organisation for contributing to the well-being of all elderly persons. This foundation was founded by Violet Brown's relatives and named after Violet Brown.