Violin Concerto No. 1 (Wieniawski)
Violin Concerto No. 1 in F sharp minor, Op. 14, by Polish violin virtuoso Henryk Wieniawski was first performed on October 27, 1853 in Leipzig. The score is dedicated to King Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia.
The work is in three movements:
- Allegro moderato
- Preghiera: Larghetto
- Rondo: Allegro giocoso
A typical performance takes around 28 - 30 minutes.
The first movement has two contrasting themes, the first in dotted rhythm and initially hesitant and the second in B major (begun by the cellos), wide-ranging and expressive. These are, in turn, dissected and ornamented by the soloist with formidable virtuosity, using multiple-stopping and harmonics and, notably in the cadenza, the extreme upper register of the violin.
The second movement, Preghiera (Prayer), is a short lyrical interlude in A major, with the orchestra woodwinds and horns given much prominence. It leads into the concluding Rondo, a colourful and vivacious piece with a contrasting episode in B major and demanding bravura playing, but without the first movement's extreme pyrotechnics (suggesting that it was composed earlier).
- "Violin Concertos - Henryk Wieniawski". Culture.pl.
- Chris Woodstra; Gerald Brennan; Allen Schrott (2005). All Music Guide to Classical Music: The Definitive Guide to Classical Music. Backbeat Books. p. 1511. ISBN 978-0-87930-865-0.
- Franco Sciannameo (2016). Experiencing the Violin Concerto: A Listener's Companion. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. p. 76. ISBN 978-0-8108-8886-9.