Violin Concerto No. 3 (Mozart)
|Violin Concerto in G major|
|by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart|
|Movements||Three (Allegro, Adagio, Rondeau)|
Solo violin, two violins, viola, cello, double bass, two horns, two oboes (except second movement), two flutes (only at the second movement)
The piece is in three movements:
The Allegro is in sonata form, opening with a G major theme, played by the orchestra. The main theme is a bright and happy discussion between the solo violin and the accompaniment, followed by a modulation to the dominant D major, then its parallel key D minor. It experiments in other keys but does not settle and eventually heads back to the tonic, G major, in the recapitulation.
The second movement is in ternary form and the dominant key of D major. The orchestra begins with the main theme, which the violin imitates one octave higher. The winds then play a dance-like motif in A major, which the violin concludes by its own. After a conclusion in A, the violin plays the main theme again, remaining in the same key. When it should have sounded A natural, it sounds A sharp, and the melody switches to B minor. It soon modulates back to A major, and to the home key of D major through the main theme. After the cadenza, the violin plays the main theme again, thus concluding the movement in D.
This is the only movement in five violin concertos by Mozart where instead of oboes a pair of flutes are used.
Violin Concerto No.3 in G major, k 216 is thought to be Mozart’s most popular violin concerto. Compared with his previous concertoes, the third concerto has become larger in scale, more exquisite in technology, and the extent of performance and artistry implied Mozart’s significant development in composition. It is perhaps the first time that Mozart succeeded in filling the outlines of the three-movement Classical chamber concert with the smart, colorful melodies and showed his unique style. Mozart likes to use the technique of implying a connection of folk-like tune, which is also very common in the creation of the 18th century concerto. In his violin concerto, especially in the final movement, we could often figure out the melody inspired by folk songs or dance music, which makes his violin concerto very similar to his serenade.
|1962||Arthur Grumiaux||Colin Davis||London Symphony Orchestra||Philips Records||Vinyl|
|1987||Takako Nishizaki||Stephen Gunzenhauser||Cappella Istropolitana||Naxos Records||CD|
|2007||Hilary Hahn||Gustavo Dudamel||Radio-Sinfonieorchester Stuttgart des SWR||Deutsche Grammophon||Multiple|
- Irving, John. "Richard Tognetti - Australian Chamber Orchestra - Violin Concertos 3 & 5 - Sinfonia Concertante: Liner notes" (PDF). BIS Records. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
- "Mozart* - Arthur Grumiaux - The London Symphony Orchestra, Colin Davis* – Violin Concerto No. 3 In G Major, K.216; Violin Concerto No. 5 In A Major K.219". Discogs.
- "Mozart: Violin Concerto No. 3 / Beethoven: Violin Concerto in D major". Naxos Digital Services Ltd. Retrieved August 29, 2011.
- Steinberg, Michael (1998). The Concerto: A Listener's Guide. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-513931-0.