Violin Sonata No. 7 (Beethoven)
The Violin Sonata No. 7 in C minor by Ludwig van Beethoven, the second of his opus 30 set, was composed between 1801 and 1802, published in May 1803, and dedicated to Tsar Alexander I of Russia. It has four movements:
- Allegro con brio (in C minor)
- Adagio cantabile (in A-flat major)
- Scherzo: Allegro (in C major)
- Finale: Allegro; Presto (in C minor)
The work's opening movement is the first of Beethoven's sonata first movements that does not repeat the exposition. The development section contains a theme not found in the exposition (this happens in earlier compositions such as the fourth violin sonata also)
The second movement was originally sketched out in G major before taking its current form.
The autograph to the sonata turned up in a collection built up by H. C. Bodmer in Zurich, discovered in the mid-20th century.
The work takes approximately 26 minutes to perform.
- Basil Lam, 'Beethoven String Quartets' (1979 edition, BBC publications; p.47)
- Churgin, Bathia (Summer 1998). "Beethoven and the New Development-Theme in Sonata-Form Movements". The Journal of Musicology (St Joseph, Michigan: Imperial Printing Company) 16 (3): 327–9. doi:10.1525/jm.1998.16.3.03a00030. JSTOR 763994. As the author notes, the practice of including new material in the central section of a ternary-form (sonata) movement is not a Beethoven innovation- there are examples in and preceding Mozart's music.
- Sundram, Jason. "Notes on Violin Sonata no. 7, opus 30 no. 2, 1802". Retrieved 2007-07-23.
- Aber, Adolf (May 1956). "Beethoven's Autographs". Musical Times (The Musical Times, Vol. 97, No. 1359) 97 (1359): 249–251. doi:10.2307/936460. JSTOR 936460.
- Violin Sonata No. 7: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project
- Performance of Violin Sonata No. 7 by Corey Cerovsek (violin) and Paavali Jumppanen (piano) from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in MP3 format
- Violin Sonata No. 7 (Beethoven) at the Mutopia Project - this is for the Allegro con brio
- Violin Sonata No. 7 (Beethoven) at the Mutopia Project - this is for the Finale
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