Viper telescope

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Viper telescope
Observatory Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station Edit this on Wikidata
Location(s) Antarctic Treaty area, Antarctica Edit this at Wikidata
Coordinates 90°00′S 139°16′W / 90°S 139.27°W / -90; -139.27Coordinates: 90°00′S 139°16′W / 90°S 139.27°W / -90; -139.27 Edit this at Wikidata
Wavelength 40 GHz (7.5 mm)
First light 1998 Edit this on Wikidata
Decommissioned November 2005 Edit this on Wikidata
Telescope style Cosmic microwave background experiment
radio interferometer Edit this on Wikidata
Diameter 2 m (6 ft 7 in) Edit this at Wikidata
Viper telescope is located in Antarctica
Viper telescope
Location of Viper telescope

The Viper telescope is mainly used to view cosmic background radiation. The telescope is currently helping scientists prove or disprove the Big Crunch theory. The telescope is also one of the most powerful of its kind. Previous cosmic background telescopes were smaller and did not have the ability to focus on the detailed measurement of distant clouds that Viper does.


The Viper telescope is located at the Center for Astrophysical Research, also known as (CARA) in the Amundsen-Scott station in Antarctica. The Viper project is run by many scientists; team leader Dr. Jeffrey Peterson is a Carnegie Mellon astrophysicist who currently works to view distant clouds in the universe.

Current uses[edit]

The Viper telescope is being used to image the anisotropy seen in the universe. Inflation theory states the glowing clouds of gas in the sky would be in the form of an arc about degree in the sky. The Viper telescope was able to confirm inflation theory, clearly showing the length of the arc was a degree. Recently the telescope was able to detect tiny fluctuations in the cosmic microwave background radiation. This can give astronomers vast information about the distribution of matter in the proto-Universe, such as how galaxies, stars, planets, and quasars formed from the free-floating protons and electrons that made up the primordial soup.


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