Vir

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Vir is located in Croatia
Vir
Location of Vir in Croatia
Kaštelina castle

Vir (pronounced [v̞îːr]; Italian: Puntadura, Dalmatian: Punta de Ura), an island on the Croatian coast of the Adriatic Sea with an area of 22 km2,[1] lies north of the city of Zadar. It is connected to the mainland via a road bridge. The main village on the island, the eponymous village of Vir, had a population of 1,608 as of 2001. There are two more villages, Lozice and Torovi. The highest peak on the island is Bandira (112 m).

History[edit]

The first known mention of Vir was in Mare Nostrum Dalmaticum (1069), a charter by king Peter Krešimir IV, where the island is referred to as Ueru (Veru), a word believed to have an ancient Mediterranean origin, meaning "pasture".[2]

Overpopulation[edit]

The island is one of the biggest described endemic places of origin of house-mouse-borne lymphocytic choriomeningitis in the world, with IFA testing having found LCMV antibodies in 36% of the tested population.[3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Duplančić Leder, Tea; Ujević, Tin; Čala, Mendi (June 2004). "Coastline lengths and areas of islands in the Croatian part of the Adriatic Sea determined from the topographic maps at the scale of 1 : 25 000" (PDF). Geoadria. Zadar. 9 (1): 5–32. Retrieved 2011-01-21. 
  2. ^ Brkić, Velimir (30 March 2009). "Privatni otok - jučer, danas i sutra". Zadarski list (in Croatian). Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  3. ^ Kalenić, Smilja (2013). Medicinska mikrobiologija [Medical Microbiology] (in Croatian). Zagreb: Medicinska naklada. ISBN 978-953-176-637-1. 
  4. ^ Dobec M, Dzelalija B, Punda-Polic V, Zoric I (2006). "High prevalence of antibodies to lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus in a murine typhus endemic region in Croatia". Journal of Medical Virology. 78 (12): 1643–47. PMID 17063527. doi:10.1002/jmv.20749. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°18.20568′N 15°05.13222′E / 44.30342800°N 15.08553700°E / 44.30342800; 15.08553700