A statue in Dharmapuri district depicting Veerabhadra
|Affiliation||Aspect of Shiva|
Virabhadra or Veerabhadra (Vīrabhadra) is a fearsome form of the Hindu god Shiva. He was created by the wrath of Shiva and destroyed the Yagna (fire sacrifice) of Daksha, after Daksha's daughter and Shiva's consort Sati self-immolated in the sacrificial fire. He is described as a warrior who eventually blinded Bhaga, subdued Vishnu and broke, among many other countless gods, Pushan's teeth. Other gods fled the battlefield unable to sustain his power.
Sati was the youngest daughter of Daksha. When Sati grew up she set her heart on Shiva, worshipping him. In the Swayamvara of Sati, Daksha invited all gods and princes except Shiva. Sati cast her garland into air, calling upon Shiva to receive the garland; and behold he stood in midst of the court with the garland about his neck. Daksha had no choice but to get Sati married with Shiva.
One day Daksha made arrangements for a great horse sacrifice called the Daksha Yaga, and invited all the gods omitting only Shiva. Sati's urge to go to her home due to the affection towards her parents overpowered the social etiquette for not going to an uninvited ceremony. Daksha insulted her in front of others. Unable to bear further trauma she ran into the sacrificial fire. The site where Sati had died later on became famous as "Jwalamukhi devi".
Then Shiva came to know about this and with deep sorrow and anger, plucked a lock of hair and thrashed on the ground. Lord Veerabhadra, and Rudrakali were born. Virabhadra is believed to be the destroyer of Agnana, his tall, muscular body reached the high heavens, he was dark as the clouds, three burning eyes, and fiery hair; he wore a garland of skulls and carried terrible weapons. To provide him the power, arrived Bhadrakali, a wrathful incarnation of Devi.
Destroyer of Daksha
Maheshwara replied, 'Spoil the sacrifice of Daksha'. Then the mighty Virabhadra, having heard the pleasure of his lord, bowed down his head to the feet of Shiva; and starting like a lion loosed from bonds, despoiled the sacrifice of Daksha, knowing that this had been created by the displeasure of Devi. She too in her wrath, as the fearful goddess Rudrakali, accompanied him, with all her train, to witness his deeds.
Shiva directed Virabhadra: "Lead my army against Daksha and destroy his sacrifice". On this direction of Shiva, Virabhadra appeared with Shiva's ganas in the midst of Daksha's assembly like a storm and broke the sacrificial vessels, polluted the offerings, insulted the Brahmin priests, trampled on Indra, broke the staff of Yama and scattered the gods on every side.
Lord Vishnu could not let his devotee - Daksha be mortified by Virabhadra. He therefore got astride his Garuda, armed as he was with Conch, Discus and Bow and Arrows, and rushed out to give battle to Veerabhadra to the great joy of all the scared assembly of victims. He immediately rained powerful arrows at his foe from all directions. Angered all the more by this quite unexpected attack, Veerabhadra also climbed a chariot and retaliated by sending fiery arrows in the direction of Vishnu. Thus started, they went on exchanging many a mighty astra and sastra as though two wild and mad elephants were at war; and the three worlds trembled with their movements; their mutual shouts of anger and wrath raised a thunderous din that filled the directions with rolling echoes. Both used celestial weapons - one upon the other; but none of them was affected in the least though they struck awe into the hearts of the onlookers and shook the three worlds. Both were equally matched and both were adept and quick with their hands and weapons in offensive and defensive. Keenly watching the fierce duel and thinking that Veerabhadra might come out victorious, Brahma decided to become the charioteer of Veerabhadra. Taking charge of the chariot instantly, he steered it ever so skillfully that Veerabhadra, though angry at first , soon became reconciled and even appreciative on beholding the expert manner in which Brahma conducted the many intricate manoeuvres of the chariot. Continuing the duel, Veerabhadra showered multiple weapons of tremendous power at Vishnu who retaliated with equal might. Thus proceeded a long-drawn-out battle between Hari and a manifestation of Hara, filling the three worlds with amazement; causing earth-quakes, tsunamis, hurricanes, floods, landslides and storms and outbreaks of fire. The firmament reverberated with thunder and lightning. At last, discovering that it was impossible to subdue Veerabhadra by any ordinary methods, Vishnu decided to take his life once and for all by using his invincible Discus-Sudrasana - feared in all the worlds for its efficacy. So, twirling it around his right index finger, he let loose the mighty Sudarsana and it roared into the intervening space with such tremendous momentum and acceleration that it flew cleaving the air with incandescent jets of flame spouting off tangentially from its thousand revolving teeth. Seeing Vishnu's Discus approaching him thus, Veerabhadra coolly opened his vast mouth and swallowed it at one gulp; and was none the worse for it.
Lord Vishnu was astonished at this miracle and was filled with admiration for Veerabhadra. Instantly he flew to his side in great ecstasy and praised his erstwhile opponent thus: " 0 Veerabhadra Mahavira! There is none to equal you here nor in the seven worlds! None can now stop you from punishing the wicked Daksha. You were born of the body of Shiva himself to punish these evildoers; and I see that none can oppose you nor come in your way. Who is there to stand equal to you in might and strength, when my invincible discus-which is capable of powdering a diamond-hard mountain - has not made a scratch on you! It has disappeared into your body now, and seems as though it had never existed! It is a wonder how you swallowed this all-destructive and upto-now invincible discus as though it were a ball of sweet! There is none to oppose you now. you may punish Daksha to your heart's content. Daksha, the enemy of Lord Shiva, caused his own daughter to burn herself; and must certainly now meet his own doom.
Brimming with anger, Veerabhadra beheaded Daksha and marched along with his army to Mount Kailash to testify the completion of his assigned task.
Compromise with Shiva
After the destruction of Daksha's sacrifice, the defeated gods sought Brahma and asked his counsel. Brahma advised the gods to make their peace with Shiva. Brahma himself went with them to Mount Kailash. Brahma prayed to lord Shiva to pardon Daksha and to mend the broken limbs of gods and rishis. The compassionate lord (Shiva) took pity on Daksha and restored the burnt head of Daksha with that of a goat's head, and the broken limbs were made whole. Then the devas including Brahma asked the forgiveness of lord Shiva and invited him to the yagna. There Daksha looked on him with reverence, the rite was duly performed, and then all the gods and rishis praised and worshipped Shiva and departed to their places. After that, Daksha became a great devotee of Lord Shiva.
Virabhadra is prominently worshiped today in South India. Most temples of Shiva will have a statue of Virabhadra. He is one of the primary deity of Veerashaiva Lingayat, Pancha-acharyas mainly from Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
- Shree Rayachoty Veerabhadra Swamy Temple, Rayachoti, Dst - Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh, India
- Shree Veerabhadra Swamy Temple, Belwadi, Taluk Bailhongal Dist - Belagavi, Karnataka
- Shri Rachoti Veerabhadreshwara Temple,-Hoovinahalli,Tq-Tarikere; Dst-Chikkamagaluru-Karnataka-INDIA
- Shri Veerabhadreshwara Temple,-Sulepeth,Tq-Chincholi; Dst-Gulbarga-Karnataka-INDIA
- Shri Veerabhadra Devasthan-Vadhav, Taluka-Pen, India, District-Raigad district, State-Maharashtra.
- Shri Veerabhadra Swamy Temple - Budhwara Bazar, Nepanagar, District - Burhanpur, Madhya Pradesh
- Shri Veerabhadra Swamy Temple,Vilanguppam, Mittur Village, Tirpattur,Vellore District,Tamil Nadu-635710
- Sri Bhadrakali Sametha Sri Veerabhadra Swamy Temple,MURAMULLA- 533220, I.POLAVARAM East Godavari Dist., A. P.
- Shri Agora veerabhadrar & Muthalamman Temple, Vettanviduthi, Pudukkottai (District), Tamil Nadu
- Sri Veerabhadra Swamy Temple, Chamarajanagar, Karnataka
- Shri Bhadrakali Sameta Veerabhadra Swamy Temple - Allur Aakula, near Ongole, Andhra Pradesh
- Sri Veerabadra - Lingamma swamy temple (Kurumans saira kulam) Guddur, Tirupattur vellore Dt
- Sri Mailapram Veerabhadraswamy Temple, Thannada, Kannur-Dist, Kerala, 670621
- Shri Veerabhadreshwar Swami Devastana, At/Post:Kodliwad, Taluk:Kundagol, Dist:Dharwad-581117
- Shri Banadeshwara, Kalebelagundi, Yadgir District, Karnataka.
- Agora Veerabhadra Swamy Temple, Hanumanthapuram Village, Near Chengalpet, (kancheepuram district) Tamil Nadu
- Agora Veerabhadra Swamy Temple, Onampalayam, Thondamutur Road, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
- Shree Bhadra Kaali sameta Shree Uddhanda VeeraBhadra Swami vaari Devasthanam, Kommuru, Pedanandipadu, Guntur District, A.P, India.
- Shri Swetharanyeswarar Temple (Also a Budhan Sthalam - One of Navagraha Temple) - Thiruvenkadu has Agora Moorthy. Agora moorthy is none other than Agora Veerabadrar. There is a 13 ft statue made of stone in prahara. Also the temple has the metallic statue of Agora Veerabadra swami.
- Shri Veerabhadra Temple - gataloor, Mundargi (Tq), Gadag (Karnataka).
- Shree Veerabhadra swamy Devastana Mikkere, near M.Kagepura, malavalli, Mandya District 571424.
- Shri Veerabhadra Temple - Balehonnur (Veerashaiva Rambhapuri peetha), N.R.Pura (Tq), Chikkamagaluru (Karnataka)
- Shri Veerabhadreshwara temple - Shanthigrama, Hassan District, Karnataka
- Shri Veerabhadreshwara temple- brihaspathivarapete. Raichur. Karnataka.
- Pralaya Kala Veerabhadra Temple - Bengaluru-Guttalli Gvipura, Bengaluru City (Karnataka)
- Shri Veerabhadreshwar Temple - Anumanthapuram, Singaperumal kovil, Chengulpet (near Chennai)
- Shri Veerabhadreshwar Devasthan, Yadur, Dist Belagavi, Karnataka
- Shri Veerabhadreshwar Devasthan, Hattaragi, Dist Belagavi, Karnataka
- Shri Veerabhadreshwar Temple - Changaleri, Bidar - Karnataka
- Sri Anniveerbhadreshwar Temple, Korwar -Tq:Chittapur-Gulbarga, Karnataka
- Shri Veerabhadreshwar Temple - Humnabad - Bidar Karnataka
- Shri Veerabhadreshwara Temple - Ammanaghatta - Gubbi, Karnataka
- Shri Veerabhadreshwara Temple - Bettadahalli - Gubbi, Karnataka
- Sri Veerabhadra swamy temple, Perur, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu India
- Sri Kumara Veerabhadra Swamy temple, Hossur, Gowribidanur, Chikkaballapur District, Karnataka
- Sri Veerabhadreshwara Swamy temple, Belalagere, Davanagere District, Karnataka
- Sri Bhadrakali Sametha Veerabhadra Swamy Temple, Bonthapally, Jinnaram mandal, Medak District, Telangana
- Veerabadrasamy temple, Pasumbalur, Perambalur district, Tamil Nadu
- Lepakshi temple (Veerabhadra temple (Lepakshi)) in Andhra Pradesh
- Racharaya temple (Veerabhadra temple (Rayachoty)) in Andhra Pradesh
- Uddana Veerabhadra Temple in Hampi
- Sri Veerabhadra Swamy Temple, Pattiseema
- Sri Veerabhadra Periyadka Adi Temple, Hiriyadka, Udupi
- Sri Abhagadhaaraga Veerabhadra Saaparivaara and Sri Shaneshwara Temple, Kaadabettu, Udupi
- Sri Veerabhadra Swamy Temple, Ugniya, Kollegal, near Mysore
- Veerabhadra Temple, Alladupalle, Proddatur
- Ashtamudi Veera Bhadra Temple, Thrikaruva, Kollam
- Veerabhadra Temple, Santhekatte, Kallianpur
- Veerabhadra temple, Mulki, India
- Veerabhadra temple, Hangal
- Sri Undabanda Veerabhadra Swamy Temple near Palthuru in Anantapur District, Andhra Pradesh
- Sri Veerabhadra swamy temple, (mahammadapoor, Mahaboobnagar dist, Telangana)
- Sri Veerabhadra swamy temple, (Teegalapally, Koderu Mandal, Mahaboobnagar dist, Telangana State)
- Sri Veerabhadraswamy temple at Kuravi (Village & Mandal) near Mahabubabad in Warangal District, Telangana.
- Sri Veerabhadraswamy temple at Kothakonda(v) Bheemadevarapally mandal, Karimnagar district Telangana
- Bonthapally Bonthapally Medak Dist near Hyderabad, Telangana
- Rachakonda Rachakonda (erstwile rachkonda kingdom) in Nalgonda dist, Telangana
- Tandur Tandur (Assembly constituency) and Manchirevula in Rangareddy near Hyderabad, Telangana
- Inavolu and Kuravi in Warangal dist. Telangana
- Ayyasagaram on Srisailam highway in Mahaboobnagar Dist, Telangana
- Balijagudem near Hayathnagar Hayathnagar in Hyderabad, Telangana
- Veerannagutta, Kachiguda in Hyderabad, Telangana
- Sri Veerabhadraswamy temple at Birur in Chickmagalur, Karnataka
- Shree Veerabhadreshwara Swamy temple at Anagondanahalli Village in Tiptur taluk, Tumkur district, Karnataka
- Sri Pralayakala Veerabhadraswamy Temple at Kempegowda Nagar (near Hanumanthanagar) Bangalore South
- Sri Rachoba Veerbhadraswamy Temple at Jangamwadi 10 km from Amd Nagar towards paithan road TQ/DT:Ahmeadnagar (Maharashtra state)
- Shri Rattihalli Veerabhadreshwar temple at Rattihalli village, Ranebennur, karnataka.
- Shri Veerabhadreswhara Temple, Godachi, Ramdurg, Belagavi, Karnataka
- Shri Galimaradi Veerabhadreshwar Temple, Lakkundi, Bailahongal, Belagavi, Karnataka
- Sri Pyati Veerabhadreshwar temple at Kamankatti, Dharawad, karnataka-580001.
- Sri Karadagi Veerabhadreshwar temple, Savanur, Haveri, Karnataka-580001.
- Shree Veerabhadreshwar temple, Old Mandli,Thirtahalli Road, Shivamogga
- Sri Veerabhadraswamy temple at Aaladahalli Village in Shimoga District, Karnataka (12 km form Shimoga)
- Shree Veerabhadreshwara Devastana, Muchakhandi, Bagalkot, Karnataka.
- Shree Veerabhadreshwara Devastana, Esuru, Gama, Shikaripura, Shivamogga District, Karnataka
- Shree Veerabhadreshwara Devastana, Kesturu, Tumkur Taluk, Tumkur District, Karnataka
- Shree Uddana Veerabhadreshwara Devasthana, Hale Nijahal, Nelamangala Taluk, Tumkur Road
- Shree Veerabhadreshwara Devastana, Hiremarali, Pandavapura Taluk, Mandya District, Karnataka
- Shree Veerabadreshwara Temple in Muchakhandi, Bagalkot-Karnataka.
- Sri Veerabhadra swamy Temple in bommawara near devanahalli, Bangalore Karnataka.
- Shree Rayachoteshwara (Veerabhadra) Temple in Kerur, Bagalkot-Karnataka.
- Sri Virapattiraṉ Kōvil, Kopay, Valikamam East Divisional Secretariat, Jaffna District, Northern Province, Sri Lanka
- Sri Veerabhadraswamy Temple, Avaragolla Davanagere, Karnataka
- Sri Vuddanda Veerabhadra Swamy Devasthanam, Yadava Bazaar, Old town, Macherla, Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh, 522426.
- Sri Dakshinamukha Veerabhadraswami temple, Yanamadala village, Prathipadu mandal, Guntur district, Andhra Pradesh, 522019.
- Sree Bhadrakali Sametha Veerabhadra Swamy Devasthanam, Phirangipuram mandal, Guntur district, Andhra Pradesh, 522529.
- Sri Aghora Veerapathra Temple, Jalan Batu Gantung, Penang, Malaysia.
- Sri Veerabhadreshwara Temple, Honnali, Davanagere, Karnataka-577217.
- Sri Veerabhadreshwara Temple, Harnahalli, Shimoga Taluk, Shimoga, Karnataka-577416.
- Sri Veerabhadreshwara Temple, Bettakaduru, Near Chikkajajur, Chitradurga, Karnataka.
- Sri Bettada Veeranaa Temple, Near Basavanahalli, Pavagada Road, Madhugiri Tq.
- Sri Veerabhadraswamy Temple, Talikere, Rayadurgam Taluq, Ananthpur Dist, Andhra Pradesh.
- Sri Veerabhadraswamy Temple, (ARTHANARIESWAR)KARUNKULAM, MUNNEERPALLAM POST, TIRUNELVELI-627356 TAMILNADU
- Sri Udbhava Veerabhadraswamy Temple, Dayasanuru, Srinivasapura Taluk, Kolar VEERABHADRA FORT & TEMPLE, Bikkanahalli, palacode, Tamil Nadu.
- Bhadrakali Devi Sameta Sri Veerabhadra Swamy Temple, Jade Mayasandra, Tumkur Dist, Karnataka
- Bhadrakali Devi Sameta Sri Veerabhadra Swamy Temple, Valluru, Kakumanu mandal, Guntur Dist, Andhra Pradesh
- Bhadrakali Devi Sameta Sri Veerabhadra Swamy Temple, koilakonda, mahaboobnagar, Telangana state
- Bhadrakali Devi Sameta Sri Veerabhadra Swamy Devasthana, Pura village, Hirisave Hobli, CR Patna Tq, Hassan Dt, Karnataka 573141
- Sri Akora Veerabhadraswami Temple, Bagathur Village, sirumugai, Coimbatore district, Tamil Nadu.
- Veerabhadra Mahamaya temple, Maanampaady, Mulki
- Veerbadreshwar Temple, Halakatti, Near Wadi, Karnataka, India
- Veerabhadradurga Temole, muthkuru, anugondanahalli hobli, hoskote taluk, Bangalore rural dist.
- Shree Veerabhadreshwar Temple, Garasangi Dist: BIJAPUR (KARNATAKA)
- Shree Veerbhadreshwar Devastan, Basaveshwar Nagar, Hudco colony, Akkol road, Nipani. Belagavi district, Karnataka 591237
- Shree Veerabhadreshwar Temple, Hulsoor Dist: BIDAR (KARNATAKA)
- Shree Veerabhadreshwar Temple, Mukhed Dist: NANDED (MAHARASHTRA)
- Shree Veerabhadreshwara Devastana, Khalatagiri (Khalatagiri Water Falls), Chikmaglore Dist. Karnataka
- Sri Veerabhadreshwara Temple, Asandi, Ajjampur Hosadurga road, Kadur Tq. Chickmagalur
- Theruvinthalakkal Sri Veerabhadra temple, Kakkur, Kozhikode, Kerala
- Sri Badrakali Sametha Veerabhadra Swamy Temple, Sangareddy, Sangareddy mandal, Medak District, Andhra Pradesh
- Sri Veerabhadreshwara Temple, Tavarageri, Tq:Kushtagi, Dt:Koppal, Karnataka.
- Arulmigu Agora Veerabathirar-Sanggili Karuppar Alayam, Kg.Benggali, Rawang, Selangor, Malaysia
- Sri Kanavi Veerabhardreshwara Temple, Harihara Road, Hospet, Bellary district, Karnataka
- sri veerabhadra swamy temple, Muthkuru, Hoskote taluk, Bangalore rural dist.
- Sri Savandi Veerabhadraswamy Temple, Savandurga, Magadi Taluk, Ramanagara Dist
- sri veerabhadra swamy temple, Kaigonahalli, KR Pet taluk, Mandya dist., Karnataka
- sri veerabhadreshwara Temple at Halasinahalli,Thirthahalli Taluk,Shimoga District( HALASINAHALLI GRAMA DEVASTHANAM)
- Shri Veerabhadreshwar Temple,At-Kini Taluk-Akkalkot.,Dist.-solapur MAHARASHTRA 413216
- Shri Agora Veerabhadrar, Athmanadha Swamy temple, Avudaiyar kovil (Thiruperundhurai),Pudukkottai district.
- Sree Veerabhadra Swamy Temple, Devarahosahalli,Near NH-4, after Dobbaspet, Tumkur District, Karnataka.
- Shri Veerabhadra Swamy Temple, Thuneri Havoor, Kil-kotagiri (A village located 16 km away from Kotagiri),Nilgiris District Tamil Nadu
- Shri Veerabhadreshwara Temple, Aratal, Shiggaon Taluka, Haveri District Karnataka
- Shri Veerabhadreshwara Temple, Veeragalli, Shiggaon Taluka,Haver District Karnataka
- Shri Veerabhadreshwara Temple, Kanahalli, soraba Taluka,shlvamogga District Karnataka
- Shri Veerabhadraswamy Temple, Palukuru, Near Singarayakonda, Ongole, Prakasam District, Andhra Pradesh. Constructed in 1788
- Shri Veerabhadra Swamy Temple, Selaiyur, East Tambaram, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
- Shri veerabhadra swamy Temple, SOGI,Hadagali Taluk, Bellary dist, Karnataka,India.
- Shri Veerabhadra Swamy Temple, Narayanavanam, Chittoor District, Andhra Pradesh, India.
- Shri Veerabhadra Swamy Temple, malluru bydagi taluku haveri karnataka
- Shri Bhadrakali sameta Veerabhadra Swamy Temple, Raikode, TQ: Zaheerabad, Dist: Medak, Telangana
- Shri Veerabhadra Swamy Temple, Vemgal TQ: Vemgal, Dist: Kolar Karnataka India.
- Shri Veerabhadra Swamy Temple, Santepet, Adoni, District: Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India.
- Shri Kote Veerabhadra Swamy Temple, Ramajala Road, Adoni, District: Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India.
- shri veerabhadadevara gudi, bilagi.587116. dist:bagalkot. karnataka
- shri veerabhadra swamy Temple,Peraiyur is a panchayat town in Madurai district,Tamil Nadu.
- Shri Thodammal utanamar Veerabhadra Swamy Temple, Poochiyur, Narasimhanaicken Palayam, Coimbatore District,Tamil Nadu, India
- Arulmigu Veerabathirar and Kaligambal Temple Perumbair Kandigai Kanchipuram Dist Tamilnadu
- Arulmigu Veerabhadra swamy kovil Kallikudi-625701 Madurai district Tamilnadu
- Shri Bhadrakali Sametha Veerabhadra Swamy Temple, Kamavarapukota, West Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh- 534449
- Shri Bhadrakali Sametha Veerabhadra Swamy Temple, Annindadike, Chikkamagalur District, Karnataka - 577146
- Shri Bhadrakali Sametha Veeravhadra Swamy Temple ,Madugula, Gurajala,Gunutr District,,Andhra Pradesh-522415
- the Horse-sacrifice of the Prajapati Daksha The Mahabharata translated by Kisari Mohan Ganguli (1883–1896), Book 12: Santi Parva: Mokshadharma Parva: Section CCLXXXIV. p. 315 Mahadeva created from his mouth a terrible Being whose very sight could make one's hair stand on its end. The blazing flames that emanated from his body rendered him exceedingly awful to behold. His arms were many in number and in each was a weapon that struck the beholder with fear. p. 317. “I am known by the name of Virabhadra’’ and I have sprung from the wrath of Rudra. This lady (who is my companion), and who is called Bhadrakali, hath sprung from the wrath of the goddess.”
- Vishnu Purana SACRIFICE OF DAKSHA (From the Vayu Purana.) The Vishnu Purana, translated by Horace Hayman Wilson, 1840. p. 62, "In former times, Daksha commenced a holy sacrifice on the side of Himaván, at the sacred spot Gangadwara, frequented by the Rishis. The gods, desirous of assisting at this solemn rite, came, with Indra at their head, to Mahadeva, and intimated their purpose; and having received his permission, departed in their splendid chariots to Gangadwára, as tradition reports.” 62:2 The Linga Purana is more precise, calling it Kanakhala, which is the village still called Kankhal, near Haridwar.p. 66 Rudrakali. p. 68 Vírabhadra said, 'I am not a god, nor an Aditya; nor am I come hither for enjoyment, nor curious to behold the chiefs of the divinities: know that I am come to destroy the sacrifice of Daksha, and that I am called Vírabhadra, the issue of the wrath of Rudra. Bhadrakali also, who has sprung from the anger of Devi, is sent here by the god of gods to destroy this rite. Take refuge, king of kings, with him who is the lord of Uma; for better is the anger of Rudra than the blessings of other gods.'
- Sister Nivedita & Ananda K. Coomaraswamy: Myths and Legends of the Hindus and Buddhists, Kolkata, 2001 ISBN 81-7505-197-3
- From Puran sati khand in part two of Rudra Samhita"
- "Full text of "Sree Lalitopakhyanam"". archive.org. Retrieved 2016-05-04.
- Uddana Veerabhadra Temple