Virgaviridae is a family of positive sense, single-stranded RNA viruses. Plants serve as natural hosts. There are currently 59 species in this family, divided among 7 genera. The name of the family is derived from the Latin word virga (rod), as all viruses in this family are rod-shaped.
Viruses include in the family Virgaviridae are characterized by unique alpha-like replication proteins.
Viruses in Virgaviridae are non-enveloped, with rigid helical rod geometries, and helical symmetry. The diameter is around 20-25 nm, and virions have a central "canal." Genomes are linear, single-stranded, positive sense RNA with a 3'-tRNA like structure and no polyA tail. They may be in one, two, or three segments, depending on the genus. Coat proteins are about 19–24 kiloDaltons.
|Genus||Structure||Symmetry||Capsid||Genomic arrangement||Genomic segmentation|
Viral replication is cytoplasmic. Entry into the host cell is achieved by penetration into the host cell. Replication follows the positive stranded RNA virus replication model. Positive stranded RNA virus transcription is the method of transcription. Translation takes place by leaky scanning, and suppression of termination. The virus exits the host cell by tripartite non-tubule guided viral movement, and monopartite non-tubule guided viral movement. Plants serve as the natural host.
|Genus||Host details||Tissue tropism||Entry details||Release details||Replication site||Assembly site||Transmission|
|Furovirus||Plants||None||Unknown||Viral movement||Cytoplasm||Cytoplasm||Mechanical inoculation: fungus|
|Pecluvirus||Plants||None||Unknown||Viral movement||Cytoplasm||Cytoplasm||Mechanical inoculation: fungus. Mechanical contact; seed|
|Hordeivirus||Plants||None||Unknown||Viral movement||Cytoplasm||Cytoplasm||Mechanical: contact; seed|
|Tobravirus||Plants||None||Unknown||Viral movement||Cytoplasm||Cytoplasm||Mechanical inoculation: nematodes|
|Pomovirus||Plants||None||Unknown||Viral movement||Cytoplasm||Cytoplasm||Mechanical inoculation: fungus|
The genus Benyvirus, although its members are rod shaped and infect plants, is not included in this family as its proteins appear to be only very distantly related, but is instead included in the family Benyviridae.
- Adams, Michael J.; Adkins, Scott; Bragard, Claude; Gilmer, David; Li, Dawei; MacFarlane, Stuart A.; Wong, Sek-Man; Melcher, Ulrich; Ratti, Claudio; Ryu, Ki Hyun (1 August 2017). "ICTV Virus Taxonomy Profile: Virgaviridae". Journal of General Virology. 98 (8): 1999–2000. doi:10.1099/jgv.0.000884. PMC 5656781. PMID 28786782.
- "ICTV Report Virgaviridae".
- "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 15 June 2015.
- Adams MJ, Antoniw JF, Kreuze J (2009) Virgaviridae: a new family of rod-shaped plant viruses. Arch Virol 154(12):1967–1972
- ICTV. "Virus Taxonomy: 2015 Release". Retrieved 4 June 2016.
- "ICTV Report Benyviridae".