Virgibacillus

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Virgibacillus
Scientific classification
Domain:
Division:
Class:
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Genus:
Virgibacillus

Heyndrickx et al. 1998
Species

Numerous, including:
V. alimentarius
V. arcticus[1]
V. byunsanensis[1]
V. campisalis
V. carmonensis
V. chiguensis[1]
V. dokdonensis
V. halodenitrificans
V. halophilus[1]
V. halotolerans[1]
V. kekensis[1]
V. litoralis[1]
V. marismortui
V. necropolis
V. oceani[1]
V. olivae[1]
V. pantothenticus[1]
V. picturae
V. proomii
V. salarius[1]
V. salexigens
V. salinus[1]
V. sediminis[1]
V. siamensis[1]
V. soli
V. subterraneus[1]
V. xinjiangensis[1]

Virgibacillus is a genus of Gram-positive, rod-shaped (bacillus) bacteria and a member of the phylum Firmicutes. Virgibacillus species can be obligate aerobes (oxygen reliant), or facultative anaerobes and catalase enzyme positive. Under stressful environmental conditions, the bacteria can produce oval or ellipsoidal endospores in terminal, or sometimes subterminal, swollen sporangia. The genus was recently reclassified from the genus Bacillus in 1998 following an analysis of the species V. pantothenticus.[2] Subsequently, a number of new species have been discovered or reclassified as Virgibacillus species.[3][4][5][6][7][8][9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p LPSN bacterio.net
  2. ^ Heyndrickx, M.; Lebbe, L.; Kersters, K.; De Vos, P.; Forsyth, G.; Logan, N. A. (1998). "Virgibacillus: A new genus to accommodate Bacillus pantothenticus (Proom and Knight 1950). Emended description of Virgibacillus pantothenticus". International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology. 48: 99–106. doi:10.1099/00207713-48-1-99.
  3. ^ Kampfer, P.; Arun, A. B.; Busse, H. - J.; Langer, S.; Young, C. - C.; Chen, W. - M.; Syed, A. A.; Rekha, P. D. (2010). "Virgibacillus soli sp. nov., isolated from mountain soil". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 61 (2): 275–280. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.020974-0. PMID 20228217.
  4. ^ Kim, J.; Jung, M. -J.; Roh, S. W.; Nam, Y. -D.; Shin, K. -S.; Bae, J. -W. (2011). "Virgibacillus alimentarius sp. nov., isolated from a traditional Korean food". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 61 (12): 2851–2855. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.028191-0. PMID 21239563.
  5. ^ Lee, S. -Y.; Kang, C. -H.; Oh, T. -K.; Yoon, J. -H. (2011). "Virgibacillus campisalis sp. nov., from a marine solar saltern". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 62 (2): 347–351. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.033084-0. PMID 21441379.
  6. ^ Heyrman, J. (2003). "Virgibacillus carmonensis sp. nov., Virgibacillus necropolis sp. nov. And Virgibacillus picturae sp. nov., three novel species isolated from deteriorated mural paintings, transfer of the species of the genus Salibacillus to Virgibacillus, as Virgibacillus marismortui comb. Nov. And Virgibacillus salexigens comb. Nov., and emended description of the genus Virgibacillus". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 53 (2): 501–511. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.02371-0. PMID 12710619.
  7. ^ Heyndrickx, M.; Lebbe, L.; Kersters, K.; Hoste, B.; De Wachter, R.; De Vos, P.; Forsyth, G.; Logan, N. A. (1999). "Proposal of Virgibacillus proomii sp. nov. And emended description of Virgibacillus pantothenticus (Proom and Knight 1950) Heyndrickx et al. 1998". International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology. 49 (3): 1083–90. doi:10.1099/00207713-49-3-1083. PMID 10425765.
  8. ^ Yoon, J. -H. (2004). "Transfer of Bacillus halodenitrificans Denariaz et al. 1989 to the genus Virgibacillus as Virgibacillus halodenitrificans comb. Nov". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 54 (6): 2163–2167. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.63196-0. PMID 15545452.
  9. ^ Yoon, J. -H. (2005). "Virgibacillus dokdonensis sp. nov., isolated from a Korean island, Dokdo, located at the edge of the East Sea in Korea". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 55 (5): 1833–1837. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.63613-0. PMID 16166674.