Virgil Grandfield

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Virgil Grandfield in his home in Lethbridge, AB, Canada.

Virgil Grandfield is an award-winning[1] Canadian investigative journalist and former international aid worker who in 2010 blew the whistle on slave labour trafficking on Canadian Red Cross and other tsunami projects in Indonesia.

Grandfield began his career as an aid worker in 1999-2000, when he worked with a project evaluation unit for the Disasters Emergency Committee (the UK funding agency for disasters) in Central America after Hurricane Mitch. He became an Overseas Delegate for the Canadian Red Cross in 2002, after serving as Red Cross team leader on floods on the Blood Reserve in Standoff, Alberta. In 2003-2004 her investigated a growing migrant worker crisis on the U.S.-Mexico border and wrote a cover story about the issue for Red Cross Red Crescent magazine.[2][3] In 2005-2006, he was an overseas delegate and chief spokesperson for the tsunami operation of the International Federation of Red Cross Red Crescent Societies in Aceh, Indonesia. He returned to Aceh in 2007 to work for the Canadian Red Cross and resigned as a delegate in 2008.

After leaving the Red Cross, in 2009 he returned to Aceh with an investigative and advocacy organization called Brigade Cahaya ("The Light Brigade") which was responsible for uncovering and making public a scandal in which more than 100,000 Javanese construction workers were victims of human trafficking on UN, Red Cross and other NGO tsunami projects in Aceh.[4][5][6][7]

Grandfield was the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) spokesman when in June 2005 an international aid worker was shot in Indonesia's tsunami-hit Aceh province, leading to temporary suspension of aid worker access.[8][9] In December 2005, Grandfield warned that the new tsunami warning technology would only save lives if it was combined with a community based communication network.[10][11] In January 2006, Grandfield commented on the effective use of aid funds in relation to fishing boat increases that might threaten fish stocks.[12]

In June 2009 Grandfield was publicly critical of the government management in the health care system in his home province of Alberta in relation to specialized long term care of elderly disabled patients.[13]

Grandfield quit the Canadian Red Cross in 2008 after many efforts to have his complaints addressed that contractors hired by the Red Cross to rebuild after the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami used slave labor. The allegations were that workers brought in from distant jurisdictions, were not paid and were subjected to manipulation and harsh conditions. This was reported in the Canadian national media in mid-March 2010.[14][15] The controversy has given rise to two documentary television reports produced by CBC Television and Radio Canada and aired in March 2010.[16][17][18] On March 30, 2010, the Green Party of Canada hosted a press conference[19] at the Canadian Parliament, which generated conflicting media reports.[20][21] On April 6, 2010, it was reported in the media that the Canadian International Development Agency (the main Canadian governmental central international aid agency) had known about the slave labor allegations for two years and did not ask to view the Canadian Red Cross' commissioned investigative report (the Ernst and Young investigation report) on the matter, which has not been released to the media.[22] The Canadian Red Cross had earlier stated that it would release its Ernst and Young report to the media.[16] On April 13, 2010, the media reported that, based on leaked Canadian International Development Agency documents, the Harper federal government knew in 2009 that child labor was used in the Canadian tsunami reconstruction effort; and questioned what else the Ernst and Young report might contain that the Canadian Red Cross did not disclose.[23]

In August 2010 it was reported in the media that Grandfield had formed Fish and Dragon Fair Traders out of Lethbridge, Alberta, a cooperative for marketing traditional Indonesian hand made batik, as a method to help alleviate the causes of human trafficking in that country.[24]

In June, 2016, Grandfield won the Canadian National Magazine Awards Foundation gold medal for Investigative Reporting for his article "The Cage",[25] first published by Canadian literary non-fiction magazine Eighteen Bridges[26] in December 2015. "The Cage" is an account of one day of an investigation Grandfield made in 2015 into the murder of a worker on a Red Cross tsunami reconstruction project in Aceh, Indonesia, in 2009.


  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ Walking the line of death, Red Cross Red Crescent Magazine, Issue-2, 2004.
  4. ^ For the cost of Home Only "Ngutang", Surabaya Post, Jakarta, January 25, 2010.
  5. ^ Reconstruction of Aceh - 120 Thousand Workers Not Paid, Surabaya Post, Indonesia, December 26, 2009.
  6. ^ Natural Labor 120,000 Modern Slavery , Old Nabble, Indonesia, December 26, 2009.
  7. ^ Natural Labor 120,000 Modern Slavery, Suara Pembaruan, Indonesia, December 26, 2009.
  8. ^ Aid worker hit in Aceh shooting, BBC News. June 23, 2005.
  9. ^ Tsunami Red Cross worker shot and wounded, UK Telegraph. June 23, 2005.
  10. ^ High-tech buoys to warn of disaster, CNN. December 21, 2005.
  11. ^ Delays in Warning System Frustrate Tsunami-Hit Nations, NPR Radio. December 27, 2005.
  12. ^ Boat-building boom threatens Aceh fisheries, The Christian Science Monitor. January 11, 2006.
  13. ^ City man drawing a line for seniors in need of long-term care, Lethbridge Herald. June 16, 2009.
  14. ^ Red Cross tsunami workers abused CBC, March 17, 2010.
  15. ^ Tsunami Relief - Red Cross, The Current, CBC Radio, March 18, 2010.
  16. ^ a b Les ouvries oublies, Enquete, Radio-Canada, March 18, 2010.
  17. ^ Red Cross workers abused, Part 1, CBC's The National, March 21, 2010.
  18. ^ Red Cross workers abused, Part 2, CBC's The National, March 21, 2010.
  19. ^
  20. ^ Whistleblower calls for probe of Red Cross slave-labour allegations, Montreal Gazette, March 29, 2010.
  21. ^ Red Cross rejects calls for probe of Indonesia projects, Montreal Gazette, March 30, 2010.
  22. ^ Feds aware of slave-labour allegations at post-tsunami project for two years: CIDA, The Vancouver Sun, April 6, 2010.
  23. ^ Feds knew about underage workers in Canada-sponsored projects: Documents, The Vancouver Sun, April 13, 2010.
  24. ^ Alberta venture aims to curb ‘human trafficking’ schemes, Lethbridge Herald. August 2, 2010.
  25. ^
  26. ^

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