The Virgin Islands Olympic Committee sent a total of 7 athletes to the Games, 4 men and 3 women, to compete in three different sports, tying the record (two athletes and sports less for each) set by Beijing. Two athletes from the Virgin Islands had competed in Beijing, including sprinter and three-time Olympic athlete LaVerne Jones-Ferrette. Track runner and Olympic semi-finalist Tabarie Henry was the nation's flag bearer at the opening ceremony.
Virgin Islands, however, failed to win its first Olympic medal since the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, where sailor Peter Holmberg won the silver for Finn class. Jones-Ferrette, who considered as the nation's medal prospect, nearly missed out of the final rounds in her respective sporting events.
Athletes from the Virgin Islands have so far achieved qualifying standards in the following athletics events (up to a maximum of 3 athletes in each event at the 'A' Standard, and 1 at the 'B' Standard):
Note–Ranks given for track events are within the athlete's heat only
Q = Qualified for the next round
q = Qualified for the next round as a fastest loser or, in field events, by position without achieving the qualifying target