Virgin Money UK

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Virgin Money plc
Public limited company
FateSubsidiary of CYBG plc
Founded3 March 1995 (1995-03-03)[1]
FounderRichard Branson
Headquarters,
United Kingdom
Number of locations
74 stores and 5 lounges
Area served
United Kingdom
ServicesFinance
Banking
Mortgages
RevenueIncrease £662.7 million (2017)[2]
Increase £306.8 million (2017)[2]
Increase £192.1 million (2017)[2]
Number of employees
3,224 (2017)[2]
ParentCYBG plc [3]
Websiteuk.virginmoney.com

Virgin Money plc is a UK-based bank and financial services company founded by Sir Richard Branson in March 1995. It was originally known as Virgin Direct, and pioneered index tracking by launching a value Personal Equity Plan into the market. In the 2000s Virgin Money expanded its operations around the world.

Virgin Money announced plans to become a retail bank, and attempted to purchase Northern Rock in 2007 before it was nationalised by the British Government. Virgin applied for its own banking licence from the Financial Services Authority in 2009, and gained one through the acquisition of Church House Trust the following year. Virgin bought Northern Rock plc in January 2012 and rebranded the business as Virgin Money.[4] In June 2018, Virgin Money agreed to a takeover by CYBG plc which was completed in October 2018.[5][3]

History[edit]

Formation[edit]

It launched as Virgin Direct Personal Financial Services Limited in partnership with Norwich Union on 3 March 1995 offering PEP's and launched Virgin One, in a partnership with The Royal Bank of Scotland (RBS), in 1997. That year, Australia's AMP bought Norwich Union's 50% stake in Virgin Direct.[6] In 2000, virginmoney.com was launched as a price comparison website.[7] RBS bought out Virgin's stake in the One Account joint venture in 2001.[8]

In 2002, Virgin Direct merged with virginmoney.com to form the current company. Virgin Money expanded its operations around the world in the 2000s. The Virgin Group took 100% ownership of Virgin Money in April 2004, buying the remaining 50% stake for £90 million from AMP's HHG arm.[9]

In 2007, Virgin made a bid to acquire the Northern Rock bank; this initial bid failed. In an interview with The Times on 9 March 2009, Branson stated that he still hoped that Virgin Money would expand its operations into the banking sector, saying "We are going to get back into the mortgage business and we will become a bank either by acquisition or by getting our own banking licence. You will see us become a consumer bank within the next couple of years."[10] In October 2009, Virgin Money applied to the FSA for a full banking licence.[11] In February 2011 they announced their intention to lease a large office in Edinburgh.[12]

On 8 January 2010, Virgin Money announced the acquisition of Church House Trust for £12.3 million, giving Virgin a small foothold in the UK banking market. Although Church House Trust had no branches, it provided Virgin with a banking licence. As part of the acquisition, Virgin agreed to invest a further £37.3 million of new capital into the business.[13] On 26 January the deal was declared unconditional.[14]

In late January Sir Brian Pitman became the Chairman of Virgin Money; Pitman had previously been an advisor to Virgin during the attempted buyout of Northern Rock in 2007.[15] In February Pitman stated that the company was interested in acquiring some branches of other banks which lie in good locations; branches belonging to RBS and Lloyds were reported as possible candidates.[16] Following Pitman's death Sir David Clementi was appointed Chairman. In April 2010, WL Ross & Co. LLC invested £100 million in Virgin Money for a 21% stake in the company. WL Ross had previously supported Virgin Money in its previous bid for Northern Rock. James Lockhart, Vice Chairman of WL Ross, joined the Virgin Money board.[17]

Acquisition of Northern Rock plc[edit]

A branch of the Northern Rock with Virgin Money branding on Briggate in Leeds

On 13 October 2007, Sir Richard Branson announced that Virgin Group were putting together a consortium of financiers to propose to plough millions into the troubled Northern Rock bank and in return take an approximate 30% stake in the business, bringing the current financial products offered by Virgin and combining them with Northern Rock's own financial products.[18] By February 2008, Virgin were the favoured bidders for the bank and announced in its official submission to the government that, if successful, they would have merged Northern Rock and Virgin Money, naming the new company "Virgin Bank".[19] The initial bid was not successful, and Northern Rock was then nationalised.[20]

During 2011 the Government again asked suitors to come forward with proposals for Northern Rock. On 17 November 2011, it was announced that Virgin Money were to buy Northern Rock plc for £747 million, with other potential payments of up to £280 million over the next few years.[21][22] By July 2012, a further £73 million was paid as deferred consideration. W.L. Ross increased his stake in Virgin Money, owning 44% of the combined business by putting £260 million into the deal.[23] Both Abu Dhabi-based Stanhope Investments and Branson's Virgin Group invested £50 million in the Northern Rock deal.[23] In 2014, Virgin Money repaid a further £154.5 million that it had received as part of the refinancing package.[24]

There were to be no further job losses, except for those previously announced. Virgin has also pledged to keep the headquarters of the savings and mortgages business in Newcastle upon Tyne.[25] On 9 January 2012, Richard Branson visited the Gosforth site and some branches of Northern Rock around Newcastle, including one with temporary Virgin Money branding.[26]

Later developments[edit]

On 22 June 2012, Virgin acquired the remainder of the Gosforth site from Northern Rock (Asset Management) plc, the "bad-bank" which had been split from Northern Rock prior to the sale of the bank to Virgin.[27] On 23 July it was announced that Virgin would also be acquiring £465 million worth of mortgage assets from Northern Rock (Asset Management).[28] On 12 October, Northern Rock plc was renamed Virgin Money plc and the Northern Rock brand was phased out.[29]

In January 2013, Virgin agreed to buy £1 billion of assets from MBNA; these are the Virgin Credit Card assets which MBNA has serviced and managed in partnership with Virgin Money since 2002. The credit card book was integrated into Virgin Money's operations in 2014, and was expected to create 150 jobs at the Gosforth offices. The former Vice Chairman of MBNA Corporation, Lance Weaver, became Virgin Money's President of Virgin Money Cards.[30] A further £363 million credit card asset portfolio was purchased from MBNA in 2014.[31]

In October 2014, it was announced that Virgin Money Holdings (UK) plc would float shares on the London Stock Exchange in order to raise approximately £150 million which would go towards expanding and enabling it to continue to hire and maintain its existing base of top staff members.[32] A successful offer led to a final payment of £50 million to the UK Government with respect to the company's IPO following the purchase of Northern Rock.[33]

Church House Trust Limited was sold to Ocean Industries S.A. for £13 million on 30 November 2014.[34] W.L. Ross reduced its stake in the company to 23.3% in April 2015; Stanhope reduced its stake to 1%.[35] Ross sold its remaining stake in November 2016.[36]

As of 2017, the business had 3.34 million customers.[2]

Acquisition by CYBG plc[edit]

On 7 May 2018, it was reported that CYBG plc had made an all-share offer of £1.7bn to acquire the company.[37] Payment was to be in terms of a share offer where CYBG would give 1.2125 new shares for each Virgin Money share which was a 19% premium to the current share price and would see Virgin Money comprising 38% of the new combined group which would become the UK’s sixth-largest bank with 6 million personal and small business customers, and total lending of £70bn.[38]

On 18 June, it was announced that the takeover had been agreed. Arrangements were made for CYBG to license the Virgin Money brand for £12 million a year (later rising to £15 million a year) and to move all its retail customers to Virgin Money over the following three years.[39] The acquisition of Virgin Money plc by CYBG was completed on 15 October 2018 and shares in the holding company Virgin Money Holdings (UK) plc were therefore delisted from the London Stock Exchange.[5]

It was reported that the deal may result in 1,500 job losses. The retail banking operation would be fronted by the Virgin Money brand and the Clydesdale and Yorkshire Bank brands would disappear from the High street. Virgin Money CEO chief executive Jayne-Anne Gadhia will be retained as a senior advisor and will receive around £1.8m redundancy, £1m bonus, £5.1m in shares to add to her existing £8.9m shares. The all-share deal buyout gave her a paper profit of around £12.5m.[40]

Sir Richard Branson, who owned a 35% stake in Virgin Money, will have a 13% holding in the new combined group.[41]

In June 2019, CYBG plc announced its plans to consolidate its businesses under the Virgin Money brand. B and Yorkshire Bank, which exist as trading divisions of Clydesdale Bank plc, will begin to use the Virgin Money name in Late 2019 and Clydesdale Bank will use the new name from late 2020 to early 2021. [42] In preparation for re-branding, the existing Virgin Money plc will be merged into the existing Clydesdale Bank plc in October 2019. [43]

Corporate affairs[edit]

Identity[edit]

A Virgin Money store on Briggate in Leeds
Interior of Virgin Money's Manchester lounge
The Virgin Money logo following the acquisition of Northern Rock. The magenta colouring from the Northern Rock brand was blended with the Virgin red to signify the two companies coming together

Virgin Money's logo is focused around the main logo of Virgin Group, which is an underlined word 'Virgin' in a red circle. In January 2012 a new logo was introduced to signify the purchase of Northern Rock, which used a magenta logo. Virgin Money's January 2012 television advert showcasing the launch of banking products showcased a number of Virgin companies and was directed by Duncan Jones and worked on by Beattie McGuinness Bungay.[44]

Virgin Money's older logo was the word 'Virgin' in a red rounded skew rectangle, similar in shape to a credit card, followed by the word 'Money'. The previous logo had used a red logo with the word 'Virgin' in a large circle and three smaller circles above the word 'Money'. Virgin Direct's logo had been a more simplistic rendering of the company name, in white on top of a red rectangle with a semicircle attached on the left side.[45]

Offices[edit]

Jubilee House, the base of Virgin's savings and mortgage business in Newcastle upon Tyne.

Virgin Money's registered office is Jubilee House in Newcastle upon Tyne. Virgin took on Northern Rock's offices in Gosforth, Newcastle upon Tyne, renaming it Jubilee House. The site is next to the Regent Centre business park and comprises two black and grey buildings built in the 1990s and some additional sandstone and glass buildings built in the early 2000s.[46]

Virgin Money also have offices in Eagle Place, Piccadilly, London, at 28 St Andrews Square in Edinburgh, Gorstacks House in Chester and Discovery House in Norwich, which had been Virgin Money's head office prior to becoming a bank.[47]

Services[edit]

The Virgin Money Northumberland Street store, Newcastle upon Tyne. This store was formerly a Northern Rock branch and the branded clock, which retains its Northern Rock lettering, became a well-known symbol of the former bank's collapse.

Virgin Money offers a range of savings and investment products, mortgages, credit cards, insurance and pensions. The merger with Northern Rock widened Virgin Money's range from a previous focus on credit cards and insurance products, and the first savings accounts to be offered under the Virgin brand were issued in January 2012.[48] These were gradually supplemented by other additional banking products under its own brand name. The bank launched its own range of current accounts in July 2014, initially only in Scotland and Northern Ireland. This was expanded to the rest of the UK in 2015.[49]

In November 2011, the bank opened the first of its concept lounges in Norwich, followed by Edinburgh, Manchester, London, and Glasgow with plans to open more.[50] Virgin renamed Northern Rock's 75 branches as stores, and the first to receive a temporary Virgin makeover opened on 9 January 2012.[26] Richard Branson has also indicated in interviews that he would like to open branches at railway stations; Virgin Group's Virgin Trains operates a number of train stations.[51] The full rebranding process, which also included the combining of the Northern Rock website into the existing Virgin Money website, was completed by October.[52]

The bank is authorised by the Prudential Regulation Authority and regulated by both the Financial Conduct Authority and the Prudential Regulation Authority.[53]

Virgin Money Giving[edit]

Virgin Money Giving is a charitable not-for-profit company set up by Virgin in October 2009. From 2010, the Virgin Group signed a five-year deal to be the official sponsor of the London Marathon; the inaugural Virgin London Marathon was on 25 April 2010. This sponsorship led to the creation of Virgin Money Giving, with the aim "to help all fund-raisers raise more money for good causes".[54] This sponsorship was also extended to at least 2017, and since the 2014 race has been known as the Virgin Money London Marathon.[55]

Virgin Money Foundation[edit]

The Virgin Money Foundation is the charitable arm of the bank and was founded in 2015. The bank has initially pledged £4 million to the charity over 4 years, and the UK Government has committed to match that pledge.[56]

Sponsorship[edit]

Virgin Money leads the sponsorship of the London Marathon. Virgin Money also lent its name to the yacht that Sir Richard Branson used to attempt to break the transatlantic record.[57] Since 2011 Virgin Money has sponsored events at the Edinburgh Festival Fringe.[58]

Virgin Money were the shirt sponsor of Newcastle United F.C. for the 2012–13 season, a club that had a sponsorship deal with Northern Rock since 2003.[59] Newcastle United's shirts also displayed the Virgin Money logo for the remainder of the 2011–12 season, fulfilling Northern Rock's deal at the time of being bought by Virgin. To coincide with the launch of Virgin Money's rebranded stores, Richard Branson appeared in Newcastle, wearing a Newcastle United shirt, with a number of Newcastle United's footballers. The deal between Virgin Money and Newcastle United had also covered the 2013–14 season, but the club decided to end the deal a year early.[60]

Virgin Money are the title sponsor of the Cyclone, the UK's biggest cycling festival, which had previously also been sponsored by Northern Rock. The first Virgin Money Cyclone was held in Summer 2012.[61]

International operations[edit]

In 2003, Virgin Money launched its first venture outside of the UK by introducing its credit cards in Australia. In 2006, Virgin Money South Africa launched with a credit card initially in a partnership with ABSA. In 2007, Virgin Money launched in the United States after the Virgin Group made a majority stake investment in CircleLending, a company that facilitated peer-to-peer loans.[62]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Case Studies Heat Virgin Direct" (PDF). Target Four. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 April 2012. Retrieved 17 January 2012. 3rd March 1995, in partnership with Norwich Union, Virgin Direct launched with its first product
  2. ^ a b c d e "Annual Report and Accounts 2017" (PDF). Virgin Money UK. Retrieved 29 March 2018.
  3. ^ a b "CYBG completes Virgin Money acquisition". CYBG. 15 October 2018.
  4. ^ "UK sells Northern Rock to Virgin despite protest". Reuters. 1 January 2012. Retrieved 1 January 2012.
  5. ^ a b "CYBG completes €1.9bn takeover of Virgin Money". The Independent. 15 October 2018. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  6. ^ Grant Ringshaw (7 January 2001). "Virgin and AMP clash over joint ventures". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
  7. ^ "Our Story". Virgin Money. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  8. ^ "RBS faces backlash over refusal to give One customers full rate cuts". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  9. ^ "HHG back in black at half-way". Birmingham Post. 26 August 2004. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
  10. ^ "Sir Richard Branson says Virgin aims to become bank". The Times. London. 9 March 2009. Retrieved 9 March 2009.
  11. ^ Aldrick, Philip (23 October 2009). "Sir Richard Branson to launch 'Virgin Bank'". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 23 October 2009.
  12. ^ "Virgin Money signs deal for 28 St Andrews Square, Edinburgh". Virgin Money. 22 February 2011. Retrieved 12 December 2011.
  13. ^ Graeme Wearden (8 January 2010). "Virgin Money moves into retail banking". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
  14. ^ "Virgin Money offer for Church House Trust declared unconditional in all respects". Virgin Money. 27 January 2010. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  15. ^ Dixon, Laura (27 January 2010). "Sir Brian Pitman courted to chair Virgin Money". The Times. London. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  16. ^ "Virgin Money interested in RBS and Lloyds branches". Reuters. 1 February 2010. Retrieved 2 February 2010.
  17. ^ "WL Ross & Co makes strategic investment in Virgin Money". Virgin Money. 5 April 2010. Retrieved 6 April 2010.
  18. ^ "Virgin-led Consortium submits proposal to Northern Rock plc". Virgin Money. 12 October 2007. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
  19. ^ "Virgin Consortium Submits Formal Proposal". Virgin Money. 2 April 2008. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
  20. ^ "Northern Rock to be nationalised". BBC News. 17 February 2008. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  21. ^ "Northern Rock sale announced by chancellor". BBC News. 17 November 2011. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
  22. ^ "UKFI confirms completion of Northern Rock sale to Virgin Money" (PDF). UKFI. 1 January 2012. Retrieved 1 January 2012.
  23. ^ a b "Billionaire behind Northern Rock buy-out". BBC Tyne. 5 December 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011.
  24. ^ "Virgin Money repays Treasury £150m it got in Northern Rock deal". The Telegraph. 25 July 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
  25. ^ "Chancellor announces sale of Northern Rock plc". HM Treasury. 17 November 2011. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
  26. ^ a b "Northern Rock visited by Virgin's Sir Richard Branson". BBC News. 9 January 2012. Retrieved 9 January 2012.
  27. ^ "Northern Rock (Asset Management) Interim Results". Northern Rock (Asset Management) plc. 27 July 2012. Retrieved 14 October 2012.
  28. ^ "U.K. Asset Resolution Sells Mortgages to Virgin Money". Bloomberg. 23 July 2012. Retrieved 23 July 2012.
  29. ^ "Virgin Money acquires Northern Rock". Virgin Group. 17 November 2011. Archived from the original on 18 November 2011. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
  30. ^ "Virgin Money announces launch of own credit card business after £1bn deal with MBNA to buy assets". 18 January 2013. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
  31. ^ "Virgin Money announces purchase of £363 million credit card asset portfolio from MBNA". Virgin Money plc. 1 December 2014. Retrieved 1 December 2014.
  32. ^ "Virgin Money announces float plan". BBC News. 2 October 2014. Retrieved 2 October 2014.
  33. ^ "Virgin Money prices shares at 283p". BBC News. 13 November 2014. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
  34. ^ "Virgin Money sells Church House Trust Limited to Ocean Industries S.A." Virgin Money plc. 1 December 2014. Retrieved 1 December 2014.
  35. ^ "Virgin Money Backers Led by Wilbur Ross Sell $355 Million Shares". Bloomberg. 16 April 2015. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
  36. ^ "Billionaire Wilbur Ross sells last shares in Virgin Money". Financial Times. 17 November 2016.
  37. ^ Mines, Josh (7 May 2018). "Richard Branson-backed Virgin Money receives takeover bid from Clydesdale and Yorkshire Bank owner CYBG". City AM. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  38. ^ James Sillars (18 June 2018). "Virgin Money agrees £1.7bn takeover by CYBG". Sky news.
  39. ^ "Virgin Money bought by CYBG for £1.7bn". BBC News. 18 June 2018.
  40. ^ Margaret Taylor (1 August 2018). "Virgin Money chief Gadhia to be paid off as part of CYBG deal". The Herald.
  41. ^ Julia Kollewe; Rupert Jones (18 June 2018). "Clydesdale and Yorkshire bank brands to go in takeover of Virgin Money". The Guardian.
  42. ^ "Launching the new Virgin Money". CYBG. 19 June 2019.
  43. ^ "Clydesdale and Virgin Money are becoming one bank". Virgin Money UK.
  44. ^ "Virgin Money Project - Our Clients". Beattie McGuinness Bungay. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
  45. ^ "Brand Builder: Virgin Money". Campaign Live. 19 January 2012. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  46. ^ "Directions for head office" (PDF). Virgin Money. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  47. ^ "Where we are". Virgin Money. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  48. ^ "Launch of new Virgin Savings accounts". Virgin Money. 5 January 2012. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
  49. ^ Christie, Sophie (5 February 2015). "New Virgin Essential Current Account - is it worth switching to?". The Telegraph. Retrieved 13 November 2015.
  50. ^ "Life in a Lounge". Virgin Money. 18 November 2011. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  51. ^ "Branson Plans Banks at Rail Stations After Northern Rock Bid". Bloomberg. 8 December 2011. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
  52. ^ "Virgin Money rebrands Northern Rock branches". Credit Today. 15 October 2012. Retrieved 18 December 2012.
  53. ^ "Terms of use for our website". Virgin Money. 2014. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
  54. ^ "About us". Virgin Money Giving. Retrieved 2 February 2010.
  55. ^ "London Marathon and Virgin Money announce new sponsorship deal" (PDF). Virgin London Marathon. 22 April 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 April 2013. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
  56. ^ "Virgin Money launches £8m charitable foundation". BBC News. 11 August 2015. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  57. ^ "Virgin Money sets off on sailing record attempt". Virgin Money. 22 October 2008. Retrieved 1 September 2013.
  58. ^ "Virgin Money announces sponsorship of the Edinburgh Festival Fringe's 'Fringe on the High Street'". Virgin Money. 3 February 2011. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
  59. ^ "Virgin Money to sponsor Newcastle United Football Club". Virgin Money. 4 January 2012. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
  60. ^ "Virgin Money sponsorship of Newcastle United to end early". Virgin Money. 1 October 2012. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
  61. ^ "Virgin Money to sponsor the UK's biggest cycling festival". Virgin Money. 17 February 2012. Retrieved 20 February 2012.
  62. ^ "CircleLending Becomes Virgin Money USA; Gets Makeover and Millions in Funding". Tech Crunch. 16 October 2007. Retrieved 12 February 2010.

External links[edit]