Virginia's 5th congressional district

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Virginia's 5th congressional district
Virginia US Congressional District 5 (since 2013).tif
Virginia's 5th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
U.S. RepresentativeTom Garrett (RScottsville)
Distribution
  • 35.3[1]% urban
  • 64.7% rural
Population (2016)735,178[2]
Median income$52,237
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+6[3]

Virginia’s fifth congressional district is a United States congressional district in the commonwealth of Virginia. It is Virginia's largest district with an area of 10,181.03 square miles (26,368.7 km2) - and is larger in area than six US states.

The district’s first representative in Congress was James Madison, later the 4th President of the United States. The current Congressman is Republican Tom Garrett, who is not running for reelection in 2018. Republican Denver Riggleman was elected on November 6th and is congressman-elect. Historically, the 5th was one of the first districts of Virginia to turn Republican in Presidential elections – though unlike the 6th where the decisive factor was ticket-splitting by Byrd Organization Democrats, here the decisive factor was the growth of middle-class Republicanism in the Charlottesville metropolitan area. In the decade preceding the Voting Rights Act, these were joined by a significant proportion of Virginia’s limited and almost entirely white electorate who preferred GOP positions on black civil rights. The district was to be one of two in Virginia giving a plurality to segregationist George Wallace in 1968, and has never supported a Democrat for President since Harry S. Truman.

However, the district was continually represented in Congress by fairly conservative Democrats until Virgil H. Goode, Jr. switched parties, first to independent and then to Republican. In 2008 progressive Democrat Tom Perriello defeated Goode, Jr. by running on a progressive platform. Perriello lost to Republican Robert Hurt in 2010.

Area covered[edit]

It covers all or part of the following political subdivisions:

Counties[edit]

The entirety of:

Portions of:

Cities[edit]

Recent election results[edit]

2010[edit]

Virginia's 5th congressional district election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Robert Hurt 119,560 50.81%
Democratic Tom Perriello 110,561 46.98%
Independent Jeffrey A. Clark 4,992 2.12%
Majority 8,999 3.83
Total votes 235,298 100
Republican gain from Democratic

2012[edit]

Virginia's 5th congressional district election, November 2012[4]

Candidate Party Votes Percentage
Robert Hurt Republican 193,009 55.4%
John Douglass Democratic 149,214 42.9%
Kenneth Hildebrandt Independent 5,500 1.6%
All Others 499 0.1%
Total Votes Cast 348,222

2014[edit]

Virginia's 5th congressional district election, November 2014[5]

Candidate Party Votes Percentage
Robert Hurt Republican 124,735 60.9%
Walter Lawrence Gaughan Democratic 73,482 35.9%
Paul Jones Libertarian 4,298 2.1%
Kenneth Hildebrandt Independent 2,209 1.1%
All Others 224 0.1%
Total Votes Cast 204,948

2016[edit]

Virginia's 5th Congressional District House Election, November 2016

Candidate Party Votes Percentage
Tom Garrett Republican 206,572 58.2%
Jane Dittmar Democratic 147,655 41.6%
All others 668 0.2%
Total votes cast 356,765

2018[edit]

Virginia's 5th Congressional District House Election, November 2018[6]

Took place on Tuesday, November 6, 2018, with Republican Denver Riggleman winning the election. The incumbent, Tom Garrett, did not run for re-election.[7]

Candidate Party Votes Percentage
Denver Riggleman Republican 165,339 53.18
Leslie Cockburn Democratic 145,040 46.65
All others Write In 547 0.18
Total votes cast 310,926 100

Recent voting in state-wide races[edit]

Year Office Results
1996 President Dole 48–43%[citation needed]
Senator Warner 52–48%[citation needed]
1997 Governor Gilmore 58–40%[citation needed]
Lieutenant Governor Payne 54–43%[citation needed]
Attorney General Earley 58–42%[citation needed]
2000 President Bush 55–41%[citation needed]
Senator Allen 57–43%[citation needed]
2001 Governor Warner 52–46%[citation needed]
Lieutenant Governor Katzen 50–47%[citation needed]
Attorney General Kilgore 62–38%[citation needed]
2004 President Bush 56–43%[citation needed]
2008 President McCain 51–46%[citation needed]
2012 President Romney[citation needed]
2017 Governor Gillespie 54-45%[8]

List of members representing the district[edit]

Representative Party Term Electoral history
District created: March 4, 1789
James Madison.jpg
James Madison
Anti-Administration March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1793
Redistricted to the 15th district.
George Hancock Pro-Administration March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
Retired.
Federalist March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1797
John J. Trigg Democratic-Republican March 4, 1797 –
March 3, 1803
Redistricted to the 13th district.
Thomas Lewis Jr. Federalist March 4, 1803 –
March 5, 1804
Election invalidated.
Senator Andrew Moore.jpg
Andrew Moore
Democratic-Republican March 5, 1804 –
August 11, 1804
Resigned when appointed U.S. Senator.
Vacant August 12, 1804 –
December 3, 1804
Alexander Wilson Democratic-Republican December 4, 1804 –
March 3, 1809
Elected to finish Moore's term.
Retired.
JamesBreckinridge.jpg
James Breckinridge
Federalist March 4, 1809 –
March 3, 1817
Retired.
John Floyd crop.jpg
John Floyd
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1823
Redistricted to the 20th district.
John Randolph of Roanoke at National Portrait Gallery IMG 4460.JPG
John Randolph
Crawford Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Resigned when appointed U.S. Senator.
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
December 26, 1825
Vacant December 27, 1825 –
January 20, 1826
George W. Crump Jacksonian January 21, 1826 –
March 3, 1827
Elected to finish Randolph's term.
Lost re-election.
John Randolph of Roanoke at National Portrait Gallery IMG 4460.JPG
John Randolph
Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1829
Retired.
Thomas Bouldin Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1833
Lost re-election.
John Randolph of Roanoke at National Portrait Gallery IMG 4460.JPG
John Randolph
Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
May 24, 1833
Died
Vacant May 25, 1833 –
August 25, 1833
Thomas Bouldin Jacksonian August 26, 1833 –
February 11, 1834
Elected to finish Randolph's term.
Died.
Vacant February 12, 1834 –
March 14, 1834
James Bouldin Jacksonian March 15, 1834 –
March 3, 1837
Elected to finish his brother's term.
Retired.
Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
John Hill Whig March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1841
Lost re-election.
Edmund W. Hubard Democratic March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
Redistricted to the 4th district.
Thomas Gilmer newer.jpeg
Thomas W. Gilmer
Democratic March 4, 1843 –
February 18, 1844
Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of the Navy
Vacant February 19, 1844 –
May 9, 1844
William Goggin.png
William L. Goggin
Whig May 10, 1844 –
March 3, 1845
Elected to finish Gilmer's term.
Lost re-election.
Shelton Leake Democratic March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
Lost re-election.
William Goggin.png
William L. Goggin
Whig March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1849
Lost re-election.
Paulus Powell Democratic March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1853
Elected late on April 26, 1849.
Re-elected late on October 23, 1851.
Redistricted to the 6th district.
Thomas Bocock.jpg
Thomas S. Bocock
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1861
Redistricted from the 4th district and re-elected late on May 26, 1853.
Re-elected late on May 24, 1855.
Re-elected late on May 28, 1857.
Re-elected late on May 26, 1859.
Resigned.
Vacant March 4, 1861 –
January 26, 1870
Civil War
RRidgeway2.jpg
Robert Ridgway
Conservative January 27, 1870 –
October 16, 1870
Died
Vacant October 17, 1870 –
November 7, 1870
Richard T.W. Duke.gif
Richard T. W. Duke Jr.
Conservative November 8, 1870 –
March 3, 1871
Elected to finish Ridgway's term.

Lost re-election.
Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
Alexander Davis Democratic March 4, 1873 –
March 5, 1874
Election invalidated.
ChristopherYThomas.jpg
Christopher Y. Thomas
Republican March 5, 1874 –
March 3, 1875
Lost re-election.
GCCabell.jpg
George C. Cabell
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1887
Lost re-election.
John R. Brown Republican March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1889
Lost re-election.
Posey G. Lester.png
Posey G. Lester
Democratic March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1893
Retired.
Claude Augustus Swanson.jpg
Claude A. Swanson
Democratic March 4, 1893 –
January 30, 1906
Elected Governor of Virginia.
Vacant January 31, 1906 –
November 5, 1906
Edward W. Saunders Democratic November 6, 1906 –
February 29, 1920
Resigned to become Virginia Supreme Court justice.
Vacant March 1, 1920 –
May 31, 1920
RorerAJames.jpg
Rorer A. James
Democratic June 1, 1920 –
August 6, 1921
Elected to finish Saunders's term.

Died.
Vacant August 7, 1921 –
November 7, 1921
JMurrayHooker.jpg
J. Murray Hooker
Democratic November 8, 1921 –
March 3, 1925
Retired.
JosephWhiteheadVA.jpg
Joseph Whitehead
Democratic March 4, 1925 –
March 3, 1931
Lost re-election.
Thomas Granville Burch.jpg
Thomas G. Burch
Democratic March 4, 1931 –
March 3, 1933
Redistricted to the at-large seat.
District eliminated March 4, 1933
District recreated: January 3, 1935
Thomas Granville Burch.jpg
Thomas G. Burch
Democratic January 3, 1935 –
May 31, 1946
Resigned when appointed U.S. Senator.
Vacant May 31, 1946 –
November 5, 1946
Thomas Bahnson Stanley.jpg
Thomas B. Stanley
Democratic November 5, 1946 –
February 3, 1953
Resigned to run for Governor of Virginia.
Vacant February 3, 1953 –
April 14, 1953
William M. Tuck.jpg
William M. Tuck
Democratic April 14, 1953 –
January 3, 1969
Elected to finish Stanley's term.
Retired.
W. C. Dan Daniel.jpg
Dan Daniel
Democratic January 3, 1969 –
January 23, 1988
Died.
Vacant January 23, 1988 –
June 14, 1988
LewisPayneJr.jpg
Lewis F. Payne Jr.
Democratic June 14, 1988 –
January 3, 1997
Elected to finish Daniel's term.

Retired.
Rep Virgil Goode.jpg
Virgil H. Goode Jr.
Democratic January 3, 1997 –
January 27, 2000
Lost re-election.
Independent January 27, 2000 –
August 1, 2002
Republican August 1, 2002 –
January 3, 2009
Perriello Official Portrait (cropped).jpg
Tom Perriello
Democratic January 3, 2009 –
January 3, 2011
Lost re-election.
Robert Hurt, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg
Robert Hurt
Republican January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2017
Retired.
Tom Garrett official congressional photo (cropped).jpg
Tom Garrett
Republican January 3, 2017 –
January 3, 2019
Incumbent.

Retiring.
Denver Riggleman - 43293275404 (cropped).jpg
Denver Riggleman
Republican January 3, 2019 –
Elected in 2018.

Historical district boundaries[edit]

2003–2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/cd_state.html
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=51&cd=05
  3. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  4. ^ "Virginia Elections Database » Search Elections". Historical.elections.virginia.gov. Retrieved May 6, 2017.
  5. ^ "Virginia Elections Database » Search Elections". Historical.elections.virginia.gov. Retrieved May 6, 2017.
  6. ^ https://results.elections.virginia.gov/vaelections/2018%20November%20General/Site/Congress.html
  7. ^ Virginia Department of Elections, Certified Candidates in Ballot Order for November 6, 2018. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
  8. ^ "2017 Governor's Election Results by Congressional District". The Virginia Public Access Project. Retrieved 2018-06-16.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°3′31.8″N 79°5′11.2″W / 37.058833°N 79.086444°W / 37.058833; -79.086444