Virginia's 3rd congressional district

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Virginia's 3rd congressional district
Virginia US Congressional District 3 (since 2016).png
Virginia's 3rd congressional district - from January 3, 2013 to January 16, 2016.
Current Representative Robert C. Scott (DNewport News)
Population (2015) 737,635
Median income $50,686
Ethnicity
Cook PVI D+16[1]

Virginia's third congressional district is a United States congressional district in the Commonwealth of Virginia, serving the independent cities of Franklin, Newport News, and Portsmouth, parts of the independent cities of Chesapeake, Hampton, Norfolk, and Suffolk, and all of the county of Isle of Wight. The current representative is Robert C. Scott (D).

2016 Redistricting[edit]

This image shows the 2016 court-ordered VA Congressional districts.

The Virginia Legislature's 2012 redistricting was found unconstitutional and replaced with a court-ordered redistricting on January 16, 2016 for the 2016 elections.[2][3][4][5][6] One reason for the redistricting is the racial gerrymandering.[7][8]

Recent election results from statewide races[edit]

Year Office Results
1996 President Clinton 72 - 22%[citation needed]
Senator Warner 72 - 28%[citation needed]
1997 Governor Beyer 67 - 31%[citation needed]
Lieutenant Governor Payne 66 - 28%[citation needed]
Attorney General Dolan 64 - 36%[citation needed]
2000 President Gore 66 - 32%[citation needed]
Senator Robb 67 - 33%[citation needed]
2001 Governor Warner 71 - 28%[citation needed]
Lieutenant Governor Kaine 73 - 26%[citation needed]
Attorney General McEachin 63 - 37%[citation needed]
2004 President Kerry 66 - 33%[citation needed]
2008 President Obama 76 - 24%[citation needed]
2008 President Obama 76 - 24%[citation needed]
2016 President Clinton 63 - 32%[9]

Historical composition of the district[edit]

In 1788 Virginia's 3rd Congressional District consisted of all of modern Virginia including and west of the counties of Carroll, Floyd, Roanoke, Botetourt, Augusta and Rockingham. It also included what is today Pendleton County, West Virginia and also about the southern third of West Virginia which in 1788 was all Greenbrier County. This area that is today about 48 counties and 13 independent cities was in 1788 only nine counties.[10]

In the 1790 census this area had a population of 66,045.[11]

For the 1792 congressional elections the number of congressional districts in Virginia rose from 10 to 19. The only county that remained in the third district was Pendleton County. Harrison, Randolph, Hardy, Hampshire, Monongalia and Ohio Counties, all now in West Virginia were also in the district.[12] This was all of northern West Virginia except the far eastern panhandle area. The new district's 1790 population was 30,145.[13]

The 1800 Census lead to another increase in Virginia's congressional districts in 1802. The third district was again moved, this time to what was then Frederick and Shenandoah Counties in Virginia, which besides those counties also included the modern counties of Clarke, Warren and part of Page.[14] The new 3rd district had a population of 38,767 in 1800.[15]

For most of the time from the end of the Civil War to 1993, the 3rd District was a relatively compact district centered on Richmond.

The district's current configuration dates to 1993, when the Justice Department ordered Virginia to create a majority-minority district. At that time, portions of the old 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th districts were combined to create a new 3rd District.

As of 2016, the 3rd district has been ruled unconstitutional. New districts have been drawn leaving Virginia with only one majority-minority district. (Virginia's 11th Congressional District is presently 56.4% minority.) [16][17]

List of representatives[edit]

Representative Party Term Note
District created: March 4, 1789
Senator Andrew Moore.jpg Andrew Moore Anti-Administration March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1793
Redistricted to Virginia 2nd District
Joseph Neville Anti-Administration March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
Retired
George Jackson Democratic-Republican March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1797
Lost re-election
James Machir.jpg James Machir Federalist March 4, 1797 –
March 3, 1799
Lost re-election
George Jackson Democratic-Republican March 4, 1799 –
March 3, 1803
Retired
John Smith Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1815
Retired
HenrySTucker.jpg Henry S. Tucker Democratic-Republican March 4, 1815 –
March 3, 1819
Elected Virginia State Senator
Jared Williams Democratic-Republican March 4, 1819 –
March 3, 1823
Redistricted to Virginia 17th District
WSArcher.jpg William S. Archer Crawford Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Lost re-election
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1835
JohnWinstonJones.jpg John W. Jones Jacksonian March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
Redistricted to Virginia 6th District
Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1843
Walter Coles Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
Redistricted from Virginia 6th District
Retired
William M. Tredway Democratic March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
Lost re-election
Thomas S. Flournoy Whig March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1849
Lost re-election
Thomas H. Averett Democratic March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1853
Lost re-election
JohnCaskie.jpg John S. Caskie Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1859
Redistricted from Virginia 6th District
Lost re-election
Daniel C. DeJarnette.jpg Daniel C. DeJarnette, Sr. Independent Democrat March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
Resigned
Vacant March 4, 1861 –
January 27, 1870
Civil War
CharlesHPorter.jpg Charles H. Porter Republican January 27, 1870 –
March 3, 1873
Retired
JohnAmblerSmith.jpg John A. Smith Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
Lost re-election
Gilbert Carlton Walker.gif Gilbert C. Walker Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1879
Retired
Joseph Johnston.jpg Joseph E. Johnston Democratic March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1881
Retired
GeorgeDWise.jpg George D. Wise Democratic March 4, 1881 –
April 11, 1890
Election invalidated
Edmund Waddill, Jr. Republican April 12, 1890 –
March 3, 1891
Retired
GeorgeDWise.jpg George D. Wise Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1895
Retired
TazewellEllett.jpg Tazewell Ellett Democratic March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1897
Lost re-election
John Lamb.jpg John Lamb Democratic March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1913
Lost re-election
Andrew J. Montague.jpg Andrew J. Montague Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1933
Redistricted to Virginia At-Large District
District eliminated March 4, 1933
District recreated: January 3, 1935
Andrew J. Montague.jpg Andrew J. Montague Democratic January 3, 1935 –
January 24, 1937
Died
Vacant January 24, 1937 –
November 2, 1937
DaveESatterfield.jpg David E. Satterfield, Jr. Democratic November 2, 1937 –
February 15, 1945
Resigned
Vacant February 15, 1945 –
March 6, 1945
JVaughanGary.jpgJ. Vaughan Gary Democratic March 6, 1945 –
January 3, 1965
Retired
David E Satterfield 3d.png David E. Satterfield III Democratic January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1981
Retired
TomBliley.jpg Thomas J. Bliley, Jr. Republican January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1993
Redistricted to Virginia 7th District
BobbyScott.jpg Robert C. Scott Democratic January 3, 1993 –
Present
First elected in 1992

Election results[edit]

Year Democratic Republican Independents
1970 David E. Satterfield, III: 73,104 J. Harvie Wilkinson, III: 35,229 Mrs. Ulrich Troubetskoy: 371
1972 David E. Satterfield, III: 102,523  
1974 David E. Satterfield, III: 64,627 Alan Robert Ogden: 7,574
1976 David E. Satterfield, III: 129,066 Alan Robert Ogden: 17,503
1978 David E. Satterfield, III: 104,550 Alan Robert Ogden: 14,453
1980 John A. Mapp: 60,962 Thomas J. Bliley, Jr.: 96,524 Howard H. Carwile: 19,549
1982 John A. Waldrop, Jr.: 63,946 Thomas J. Bliley, Jr.: 92,928  
1984 Thomas J. Bliley, Jr.: 169,987 Roger L. Coffey: 28,556
1986 Kenneth E. Powell: 32,961 Thomas J. Bliley, Jr.: 74,525 J. Stephen Bodges: 3,675
1988 Thomas J. Bliley, Jr.: 187,354
1990 James A. Starke, Jr.: 36,253 Thomas J. Bliley, Jr.: 77,125 Rose L. Simpson: 4,317
1992 Robert C. Scott: 132,432 Daniel Jenkins: 35,780  
1994 Robert C. Scott: 108,532 Thomas E. Ward: 28,080  
1996 Robert C. Scott: 118,603 Elsie Goodwyn Holland: 25,781  
1998 Robert C. Scott: 48,129 R. S. Barnett: 14,453
2000 Robert C. Scott: 137,527  
2002 Robert C. Scott: 87,521  
2004 Robert C. Scott: 159,373 Winsome E. Sears: 70,194  
2006 Robert C. Scott: 133,546  
2008 Robert C. Scott: 239,911  
2010 Robert C. Scott: 114,754 C. L. Smith, Jr.: 44,553 John D. Kelly: 1,927
2012 Robert C. Scott: 259,199 Dean J. Longo: 58,931  
2014 Robert C. Scott: 139,197  
2016 Robert C. Scott: 208,337 Martin L. Williams: 103,289  

Historical district boundaries[edit]

2003 - 2013

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Court Ordered Redistricting". Redistricting.dls.virginia.gov. 2015-09-03. Retrieved 2017-05-06. 
  3. ^ http://redistricting.dls.virginia.gov/2010/Data/Court%20Ordered%20Redistricting/2016%2001%2007%20Personnhuballah%20v%20Alcorn%20Civil%20Action%20No.%203-13cv678.pdf
  4. ^ "Supreme Court weighs legality of Virginia redistricting". TheHill. Retrieved 2017-05-06. 
  5. ^ By $${element.Contributor} (2016-02-01). "Supreme Court Allows Virginia Redistricting to Stand in 2016". Rollcall.com. Retrieved 2017-05-06. 
  6. ^ By ANDREW CAIN Richmond Times-Dispatch (2016-01-07). "Judges impose new Va. congressional map, redrawing 3rd, 4th Districts | Virginia Politics". richmond.com. Retrieved 2017-05-06. 
  7. ^ Weiner, Rachel (2014-10-07). "Court declares Virginia’s congressional map unconstitutional". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2017-05-06. 
  8. ^ Farnsworth, Stephen J. (2015-11-05). "The 2015 election in Virginia: A tribute to gerrymandering". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2017-05-06. 
  9. ^ "2016 November General President". Retrieved November 26, 2016. 
  10. ^ Parsons, Stanley B, William W. Beach and Dan Hermann. United States Congressional Districts 1788-1841. (Westport: Greenwood Press, 1978) p. 29
  11. ^ Parsons. Congressional Districts. p. 28
  12. ^ Parsons. Congressional Districts. p. 71
  13. ^ Parsons. Congressional Districts. p. 70
  14. ^ Parsons. Congressional Districts. p. 129
  15. ^ Parsons. Congressional Districts. p. 128
  16. ^ "Virginia Politics: Court orders redistricting". Daily Press. Retrieved 2017-05-06. 
  17. ^ By $${element.Contributor} (2016-01-07). "Judges Select New Virginia Congressional Map". Rollcall.com. Retrieved 2017-05-06. 

Coordinates: 37°12′49″N 76°57′04″W / 37.21361°N 76.95111°W / 37.21361; -76.95111