Virginia Army National Guard
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (February 2014)|
|Headquarters, State Area Command
Virginia Army National Guard
Virginia JFHQ Shoulder Sleeve insignia
|Branch||Army National Guard|
|Type||ARNG Headquarters Command|
|Part of||Virginia National Guard|
|Major General Timothy P Williams (Adjutant General)|
The Virginia Army National Guard is composed of approximately 7500 soldiers and maintains 46 armories in communities throughout the Commonwealth.
The Governor may call individuals or units of the Virginia National Guard into state service during emergencies or to assist in special situations which lend themselves to use of the National Guard. The state mission assigned to the National Guard is:
The Virginia National Guard provides the premier ready, relevant, and responsive Army and Air National Guard and Virginia Defense Force (personnel and units) to support and defend the Constitution of the United States and the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Virginia. The forces must anticipate requirements and rapidly deploy where directed while executing the orders of the President of the United States and the Governor of Virginia in order to save lives, protect people and property, ensure safety and relieve suffering.
Virginia Army National Guard units are trained and equipped as part of the United States Army. The same enlisted ranks and officer ranks and insignia are used and National Guardsmen are eligible to receive all United States military awards. The Virginia Guard also bestows a number of state awards for local services rendered in or to the commonwealth of Virginia.
The Virginia Army National Guard traces its history back to 1607, to the Jamestown settlement, making it the oldest and the official start of the Army National Guard. The Militia Act of 1903 organized the various state militias into the present National Guard system.
The HHT/2-183rd Cavalry and the 276th Engineer Battalion are two of only nineteen Army National Guard units with campaign credit for the War of 1812.
Units and Formations
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- Joint Force Headquarters - Virginia
- 29th Infantry Division
- 116th Infantry Brigade Combat Team - 'Stonewall Brigade'
- 329th Regional Support Group
- Maneuver Training Center, Fort Pickett
- 91st Troop Command
- 34th Civil Support Team
- 183rd Regiment, Regional Training Institute
- 3647th Maintenance Company
National Guard units can be mobilized at any time by presidential order to supplement regular armed forces, and upon declaration of a state of emergency by the governor of the state in which they serve. Unlike Army Reserve members, National Guard members cannot be mobilized individually (except through voluntary transfers and Temporary DutY Assignments TDY), but only as part of their respective units.
Active Duty Callups
For much of the final decades of the twentieth century, National Guard personnel typically served "One weekend a month, two weeks a year", with a portion working for the Guard in a full-time capacity. The current forces formation plans of the US Army call for the typical National Guard unit (or National Guardsman) to serve one year of active duty for every five years of service. More specifically, current Department of Defense policy is that no Guardsman will be involuntarily activated for a total of more than 24 months (cumulative) in one six year enlistment period (this policy is due to change 1 August 2007, the new policy states that soldiers will be given 24 months between deployments of no more than 24 months, individual states have differing policies). Since September 11, 2001, over 15,700 Virginia Guard personnel have been deployed.
- Bibliography of Virginia Army National Guard History compiled by the United States Army Center of Military History
- Virginia National Guard, accessed 6 December 2009
- GlobalSecurity.org Virginia Army National Guard, accessed 28 Nov 2006