Virginia City Historic District (Virginia City, Nevada)
Virginia City Historic District
|Location||Virginia City, Nevada, USA|
|Area||14,750 acres (59.7 km2)|
|Architectural style||Bungalow/craftsman, Late Victorian|
|NRHP Reference #||66000458|
|Added to NRHP||October 15, 1966|
|Designated NHLD||July 4, 1961|
Virginia City Historic District is a National Historic Landmark District encompassing the former mining villages of Virginia City and Gold Hill, both in Storey County, as well as Dayton and Silver City, both to the south in adjacent Lyon County, Nevada, United States. Declared a National Historic Landmark in 1961, it is one of only six in the state of Nevada.
Virginia City was the prototype for future frontier mining boom towns, with its industrialization and urbanization. It owed its success to the 1859 discovery of the Comstock Lode. It is laid out in a grid pattern 1,500 feet below the top of Mount Davidson. Most of the buildings are two to three story brick buildings, with the first floors used for saloons and shops. It was the first silver rush town, and the first to intensely apply large-industrial mining methods.
After a year in existence, the boomtown had 42 saloons, 42 stores, 6 restaurants, 3 hotels, and 868 dwellings to house a town residency of 2,345. At its height in 1863, the town had 15,000 residents. From its creation in 1859 to 1875, there were five widespread fires. The 1875 fire, dubbed the Great Fire of 1875, caused $12,000,000 in damages.
Today, Virginia City is but a shadow of its former glory; however, it still draws over 2 million visitors per year. In 2004, its condition was considered "threatened". One reason is that an inactive mining pit may cause some of the buildings that make up the historic nature of the district to slide into the pit. The cemeteries are constantly vandalized and are in danger of erosion. Continued use of the district for tourism is harming those historical buildings still in use, and neglect of privately held unused buildings increases the damage to the district.
Other NRHP listings within the district
Contributing properties in the historic district include:
- First Presbyterian Church - built in 1867, it is one of the few buildings built before the Great Fire that still stands today;
- Fourth Ward School - now a museum, it was a school from its construction in 1876 to 1936;
- Knights of Pythias Building, West side B Street, between Union & Sutton Streets, this cast iron and stuccoed brick building was built in 1875;
- St. Mary's in the Mountains Catholic Church, St. Mary's is a basilican structure and still has services;
- St. Paul's Episcopal Church - Built in 1876 and still used for services;
- Storey County Courthouse - Built after the 1875 fire, the rectangular brick building is still in use;
- Territorial Enterprise building - built in 1862, Mark Twain once worked in the building.
- C.J. Prescott House, at 12 Hickey St., built in 1864.
Fourth Ward School (1937)
Piper's Opera House (2009)
Savage Mansion (2007 and c.1870)
Mackay Mansion (2016)
Storey County Courthouse (2016)
Territorial Enterprise (2016)
- List of National Historic Landmarks in Nevada
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Lyon County, Nevada
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Storey County, Nevada
- National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Virginia City Historic District". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-01-23.
- Charles Snell and Marilynn Larew (April 21, 1978), National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Virginia City Historic District (pdf), National Park Service and Accompanying 50 or so photos from 1968, 1971, 1978 and other dates. (8.81 MB)
- Virginia Historic District -Three Historic Nevada Cities: Carson City, Reno and Virginia City-A National Register of Historic Places Travel Itinerary
- Snell and Larew, pg.2, 5, 7
- Snell and Larew, pg.2, 8, 9
- Snell and Larew, pgs 2-4
- Bernadette Franke and Andria S. Daley (April 1993). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: C.J. Prescott House" (PDF). National Park Service. and accompanying photo from 1993
- "Savage Mining Company Office". nps.gov. National Park Service. Retrieved March 2, 2017.
The top two floors of the building served as the mine superintendent's residence, while the ground floor was the mine office.
- "Gould and Curry Mining Company Office/Mackay Mansion". nps.gov. National Park Service. Retrieved March 2, 2017.
The building survived the Great Fire of 1875, after which it became the local business headquarters, and brief residence, for one of the most powerful and wealthy characters on the Comstock, John Mackay.
- "Storey County Courthouse". nps.gov. National Park Service. Retrieved March 2, 2017.
The first county courthouse was destroyed in the Great Fire of October 1875. Reconstruction began in 1876 and the present building...was completed in February 1877.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Virginia City Historic District.|
- National Park Service: Virginia City Historic District website
- Historical Marker Data Base — list of all available markers in Virginia City