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Virginia State Route 37

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State Route 37 marker

State Route 37
Winchester Bypass
Route information
Maintained by Virginia DOT
Length9.104 mi[1] (14.651 km)
Existedearly 1960s–present
Major junctions
South end SR 642 / SR 847 south of Winchester
 
North end US 11 north of Winchester
Highway system
SR 36SR 38

State Route 37 (SR 37) is a primary state highway in the U.S. state of Virginia. Known as Winchester Bypass, it forms a western bypass of Winchester, connecting to Interstate 81 (I-81) at both ends. Although the road is a freeway, neither I-81 connection is freeway standard; the south end (exit 310) is a diamond interchange with two traffic signals, while, at the north end, drivers must use a short piece of U.S. Route 11 (US 11) to connect with I-81 at exit 317. In addition to local access, the highway connects to U.S. Route 50 and U.S. Route 522, two major highways that lead west and northwest into West Virginia and north to Interstate 70 at Hancock, Maryland. An eastern bypass, known locally as "Route 37 East", has been proposed in statewide and local plans to complete the loop.[2][3][4][5][6]

Route description[edit]

SR 37 southbound approaching the southern terminus at I-81
View south at the north end of SR 37 at US 11 north of Winchester

Route 37 begins at an intersection with Hillandale Road (SR 847), a local frontage road along the east side of I-81, and Tasker Road (SR 642), which leads southeast to US 522 near Armel. It immediately crosses I-81 at exit 310, a diamond interchange with two traffic signals on SR 37, and then becomes a freeway, soon junctioning US 11 (Valley Pike) with a partial cloverleaf. The next interchange is a diamond at Cedar Creek Grade (SR 622), and SR 37 reaches its approximate midpoint at US 50 (Northwestern Pike), another diamond. A trumpet interchange completed in 2001 connects to the Winchester Medical Center, and the final diamond is with US 522 (Frederick Pike) at the northwestern corner. SR 37 ends at a partial Y interchange with US 11 (Martinsburg Pike), at which SR 37 traffic can only access US 11 north and only traffic from US 11 south can access SR 37, although a northbound exit to Cives Lane was added in about 2000 to allow SR 37 traffic to access US 11 south. About 1/2 mile (1 km) of US 11 is a divided highway, connecting SR 37 with I-81 at exit 317.[7]

History[edit]

Route 37 was defined as the proposed Winchester By-Pass by 1963,[8] and was included in the statewide Arterial Network when it was created in 1964.[9] When I-81 opened past Winchester in November 1965,[10] it included an interchange south of Winchester, taking traffic between I-81 and US 11 along a short connecting road.[11] The north half of the bypass, from US 50 west of Winchester north and east to US 11 north of the city, opened in the late 1960s,[11] and the semicircle was completed in the late 1970s, with the linking of Route 37 to the existing I-81/US 11 connection. A new bridge carrying southbound SR 37 over I-81 was built, but otherwise the diamond interchange was not modified.[12] The only change to the major bypass since it was constructed has been a new trumpet interchange serving the Winchester Medical Center; construction began in September 2000[13] and was completed in November 2001.[14] A single ramp from SR 37 north to Cives Lane, allowing traffic at the north end of the bypass to access US 11 south, was built in about 2000.[15]

Major intersections[edit]

The entire route is in Frederick County.

Locationmi[1]kmDestinationsNotes
0.0000.000 SR 642 (Tasker Road) / SR 847 (Hillandale Lane)Southern terminus; at-grade intersection
0.041–
0.132
0.066–
0.212
I-81 – Roanoke, Winchester, MartinsburgI-81 exit 310
0.180–
0.547
0.290–
0.880
US 11 – Stephens City, Kernstown, Winchesterinterchange
2.859–
3.382
4.601–
5.443
SR 622 – Winchester, OpequonDiamond interchange
5.198–
5.737
8.365–
9.233
US 50 – Winchester, RomneyDiamond interchange
6.124–
6.529
9.856–
10.507
Winchester Medical CenterTrumpet interchange
6.871–
7.436
11.058–
11.967
US 522 – Winchester, Berkeley SpringsDiamond interchange
9.10414.651 US 11 to I-81 – Winchester, Martinsburg, Roanoke
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Virginia Department of Transportation, DRAFT Roadway Network Archived May 18, 2008, at the Wayback Machine (GIS data), October 2006
  2. ^ Frederick County, Virginia Board of Supervisors, Board Meeting Minutes of March 27, 2002 Archived September 24, 2005, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Stephanie K. Moran, Winchester Star, VDOT to Cut Road Budget by a Third, May 16, 2002
  4. ^ Winchester Star, Supervisors to Wait for Word on Va. 37 East, January 16, 2004
  5. ^ Virginia Department of Transportation, 2025 State Highway Plan: Primary System, Staunton District
  6. ^ Win-Fred Metropolitan Planning Organization, 2030 Transportation Plan
  7. ^ Google Maps street maps and USGS topographic maps, accessed via ACME Mapper
  8. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (March 21, 1963). Minutes of Meeting (PDF) (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia., p. 55
  9. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (March 19, 1964). Minutes of Meeting (PDF) (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia., p. 27
  10. ^ Virginia Department of Transportation, I-81 History, October 29, 2006
  11. ^ a b United States Geological Survey, Cumberland, MD.; W. VA.; PA.; VA. (scale 1:250,000), 1956, revised 1969
  12. ^ Federal Highway Administration, National Bridge Inventory database, 2006
  13. ^ Winchester Star, Long-Awaited Interchange on Way, September 22, 2000
  14. ^ Winchester Star, Halseth Enumerates VHS 2001 Growth, May 15, 2002
  15. ^ Frederick County, Virginia Board of Supervisors, Meeting Minutes of 06/12/2002: "Resolution Re: Changes in the Primary and secondary System Due to relocation, Construction and Right-of-Way Abandonment on Entrance and Exit Ramps on Route 37 at its Intersection with Route 11 North" "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 18, 2005. Retrieved October 20, 2007.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata