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Virgo (astrology)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Zodiac symbolThe Virgin (Maiden)
Duration (tropical, western)August 22 – September 22 (2024, UT1)[1]
Zodiac elementEarth
Zodiac qualityMutable
Sign rulerMercury
DetrimentJupiter and Neptune

Virgo (♍︎) (Ancient Greek: Παρθένος, romanizedParthénos; Latin for "virgin" or "maiden") is the sixth astrological sign in the zodiac. It spans the 150–180th degree of the zodiac. Under the tropical zodiac, the Sun transits this area between August 23 and September 22 on average.[2] Depending on the system of astrology, individuals born during these dates may be called Virgos or Virgoans.[3]

The sign is associated with Astraea, a figure from Greek mythology. Astraea was the last immortal to abandon Earth at the end of the Silver Age when the gods fled to Olympus, which is why Virgo is associated with Earth.[4] Astraea later became the constellation of Virgo.[5] Virgo is one of the three Earth signs, alongside Capricorn and Taurus.[6]



The constellation Virgo has various origins in different mythologies. In most myths, Virgo is depicted as a virgin maiden[7] associated with wheat.[8] In Greek and Roman mythology, Virgo is related to Demeter, the Greek goddess of the harvest, or her daughter Persephone, queen of the Underworld.[9]

Another association is with the myth of Parthenos, which explains how the constellation Virgo came to be.[10] According to this legend, Parthenos is the daughter of Staphylus and Chrysothemis, and sister to Rhoeo and Molpadia. Apollo impregnated Rhoeo, and upon discovering her pregnancy, her father, assuming it was from an unknown suitor, locked her in a box and cast it into a river. Parthenos and Molpadia, fearing their father’s wrath, accidentally allowed a valuable bottle of wine to be broken by one of their swine. In terror, they fled and threw themselves off a nearby cliff. Apollo saved them, placing Molpadia in Castabus, where she became the local goddess Hemithea, and Parthenos in Bubastis, where she was worshipped as a local goddess. Another version of the story posits that Parthenos was Apollo’s daughter, and the constellation commemorates her early death.[10]

In another Greek myth, Virgo is associated with Erigone, the Athenian maiden and daughter of Icarius. After Icarius was murdered by his shepherds in a drunken rage, Erigone hung herself in grief, and her dog Maera committed suicide.[11] Zeus or Dionysus placed them in the sky as constellations: Erigone as Virgo, Icarius as Bootes, and Maera as Canis Minor.[12]

In Egyptian mythology, the Sun’s presence in Virgo marked the beginning of the wheat harvest, thus linking Virgo to the wheat grain. In Christianity, the birth of Jesus to a virgin in Bethlehem is symbolically connected to Virgo. The ancient Zodiac began with Virgo and ended with Leo.

In Hindu astrology, the comparable sign to Virgo is Kanya, which also means "maiden."

See also



  1. ^ Astronomical Applications Department 2011.
  2. ^ Britannica n.d.
  3. ^ Virgoan n.d.
  4. ^ Atsma c. 2015.
  5. ^ "Giulio Campi | Jupiter and Astraea". The Met. Retrieved August 15, 2022.
  6. ^ David Groome, "Astrology", in Parapsychology: The Science of Unusual Experiences, eds. David Groome and Ron Roberts, 113–27, 2nd ed. (London: Psychology Press, 2016), 116.
  7. ^ Ioan Petru Culianu, "Astrology", in Encyclopedia of Religion, ed. Lindsay Jones, 563–6, Vol. 1, 2nd ed. (Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2005), 565.
  8. ^ "The Personality of a Virgo, Explained". Allure. February 2, 2018. Retrieved July 28, 2022.
  9. ^ Allen 1963.
  10. ^ a b Rigoglioso 2009
  11. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae 243
  12. ^ Hyginus, De Astronomica 2.4.4; Fabulae 130

Works cited