Viridian

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For the laser sight manufacturer, see Viridian Green Laser Sights. For other uses, see Viridian (disambiguation).
ViridianHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #40826D
sRGBB  (rgb) (64, 130, 109)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (76, 30, 63, 11)
HSV       (h, s, v) (161°, 51%, 51%)
Source Maerz and Paul[1]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)
Viridian as a tertiary color on the RYB color wheel
  blue
  viridian[2]
(teal)
  green

Viridian is a blue-green pigment, a hydrated chromium(III) oxide, of medium saturation and relatively dark in value. It is composed more of green than blue. Specifically, it is a dark shade of spring green, the color between green and cyan on the color wheel, or, in paint, a tertiary blue–green color. Viridian takes its name from the Latin viridis, meaning "green".[3]

The first recorded use of viridian as a color name in English was in the 1860s (exact year uncertain).[4]

Variations of viridian[edit]

Paolo Veronese green[edit]

Paolo Veronese GreenHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #009B7D
sRGBB  (rgb) (0, 155, 125)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (90, 5, 65, 0)
HSV       (h, s, v) (168°, 100%, 61%)
Source Gallego and Sanz[5]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Paolo Veronese green is the color that is called Verde Verones in the Guía de coloraciones (Guide to colorations) by Rosa Gallego and Juan Carlos Sanz, a color dictionary published in 2005 that is widely popular in the Hispanophone realm.

Paolo Veronese green was a color formulated and used by the noted 16th-century Venetian artist Paolo Veronese.

Paolo Veronese green began to be used as a color name in English sometime in the 1800s (exact year uncertain).[6]

Another name for this color is transparent oxide of chromium.[7]

Viridian green[edit]

Viridian GreenHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #009698
sRGBB  (rgb) (0, 150, 152)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (100, 13, 0, 40)
HSV       (h, s, v) (181°, 100%, 60[8]%)
Source Pantone TPX[9]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

At right is displayed the color viridian green.

The source of this color is the "Pantone Textile Paper eXtended (TPX)" color list, color #17-5126 TPX—Viridian Green.[10]

Generic viridian[edit]

Generic ViridianHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #007F66
sRGBB  (rgb) (0, 127, 102)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (100, 0, 75, 20)
HSV       (h, s, v) (168°, 100%, 50%)
Source Gallego and Sanz[5]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Generic viridian is the color that is called Viridian inspecifico in the Guía de coloraciones (Guide to colorations) by Rosa Gallego and Juan Carlos Sanz, a color dictionary published in 2005 that is widely popular in the Hispanophone realm.

Spanish viridian[edit]

Viridian (G&S)How to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #007F5C
sRGBB  (rgb) (0, 127, 92)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (100, 0, 80, 20)
HSV       (h, s, v) (163°, 100%, 50%)
Source Gallego and Sanz[5]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Spanish viridian is the color that is called Viridian specifico in the Guía de coloraciones (Guide to colorations) by Rosa Gallego and Juan Carlos Sanz, a color dictionary published in 2005 that is widely popular in the Hispanophone realm.

In popular culture[edit]

Although viridian is a less-used color name in English, it is used in a number of cultural references, probably because it is derived from viridis, the Latin word for green, so using the word viridian sounds more elegant than simply referring to the Old English word green.

Automobiles
  • "Viridian Joule" was the winning color name in Chevrolet's Volt Paint-Color Naming Contest.[11]
Broadcasting
Environmental Design
Film
  • Viridian is mentioned by Otho when discussing remodeling, in the 1988 film Beetlejuice.[14]
Music
Video games
  • In the Pokémon franchise, in the Kanto region, Viridian City is the first town one encounters after leaving Pallet Town via Route 1.
  • In VVVVVV, the player character is Captain Viridian, who is a light blue-green color. All characters have names referencing their color and starting with the letter V.
  • In Knights of the Old Republic II the player character can find and use a viridian lightsaber crystal.
  • In League of Legends the champion Kayle has a Viridian costume that is green with black wings.
  • In Ace Attorney: Trials and Tribulations, there's a running joke about the color, started by the character Larry Butz.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The color displayed in the color box above matches the color called viridian in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill; the color viridian is displayed on page 79, Plate 28, Color Sample K11.
  2. ^ RGB approximations of RYB tertiary colors, using cubic interpolation.[1] The colors displayed here are substantially paler than the true colors a mixture of paints would produce.
  3. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 18 See: "Table--Polyglot Table of Principle Color Names" Pages 18-19
  4. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 206; Color Sample of Viridian: Page 93 Plate 79 Color Sample K11
  5. ^ a b c Gallego, Rosa; Sanz, Juan Carlos (2005). Guía de coloraciones (Gallego, Rosa; Sanz, Juan Carlos (2005). Guide to Colorations) Madrid: H. Blume. ISBN 84-89840-31-8
  6. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 201 (It is listed under Paul Veronese green)
  7. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 142
  8. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #009698 (Viridian Green):
  9. ^ Type the words "Viridian Green" into the indicated window on the Pantone Color Finder and the color will appear.
  10. ^ Pantone TPX Pantone Color Finder--Type the words "Viridian Green" into the indicated window on the Pantone Color Finder and the color will appear:
  11. ^ "Viridian Joule" was the winning color name in Paint-Color Naming Contest [2]
  12. ^ Sterling, Bruce (2001). "Viridian: The Manifesto of January 3, 2000". Retrieved 2007-01-28. 
  13. ^ Hughes, James (2002). "Democratic Transhumanism 2.0". Retrieved 2007-01-26. 
  14. ^ [3]

Further reading[edit]

  • Newman, R., Chromium Oxide Greens, in Artists’ Pigments, A Handbook of Their History and Characteristics, Vol 3: E.W. Fitzhugh (Ed.) Oxford University Press 1997, p. 273 – 286

External links[edit]

  • Viridian, Pigments through the Ages, Webexhibits. Information about the color viridian, its history, making of, and its chemistry
  • Viridian, Colourlex