Virtual On: Cyber Troopers

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Virtual On: Cyber Troopers
European Saturn cover art
Developer(s)Sega AM3[6]
CRI (Saturn)
SeriesVirtual On
Platform(s)Arcade, Saturn, Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 2 (Sega Ages 2500), PlayStation 4[7]
  • NA: November 8, 1996
  • JP: November 29, 1996
  • EU: January 1997
  • JP: June 13, 1997
  • NA: September 11, 1997[4]
PlayStation 4
Mode(s)Single-player, multiplayer
Arcade systemSega Model 2[9]

Virtual On: Cyber Troopers (電脳戦機バーチャロン, Dennō Senki Bācharon) is a 1996 video game developed and published by Sega. A 3D shooting[8] and fighting game featuring robots, it was released in arcades and for Sega Saturn and PC, in both America and Japan. There were also two-player online versions of the game released in America and Japan for the Sega Saturn using the NetLink and XBAND services. Initially the game was to be released under the title "Virtual On" in Japan and "Cyber Troopers" in North America,[10] but ultimately these two names were combined into a single title for both regions.

A remake was released for the PlayStation 2 on October 25, 2007, as part of the Sega Ages 2500 line, featuring improved framerates, music and additional features not found in the original versions. The original game was also rereleased on Xbox Live Arcade and PlayStation Network as a part of the Sega Model 2 Collection in 2012 in Japan and 2013 in the West.[11][12] In 2018 Sega announced that they would be releasing the game for the PlayStation 4.[13]

A twin stick controller was developed and released for the Saturn specifically to be used with Virtual On.[14]


Virtual On is set up similar to a Versus fighting game. Two virtuaroids (Mecha) face each other on a stage.[15] The player(s) use a variety of firearms, explosives, melee weapons, and other techniques to destroy the enemy for a set number of rounds, usually a single battle, or best two out of three rounds, like fighting games.

The game is made to be played with a two-joystick setup, known as the twin-sticks. Each stick is equipped with a trigger and a button on top of the stick.

The twin sticks control the virtuaroid on screen much like a bulldozer. Pushing or pulling both sticks in one direction makes it move in that direction, while pushing one stick forward and pulling the other back makes it turn in the forward direction. Pulling the sticks apart causes the virtuaroid to jump into the air, and automatically turn to face the opponent. Pulling them towards each other while pulling a trigger causes the virtuaroid to prone while firing.

The top buttons are Turbo buttons. Pressing a Turbo button while moving causes the virtuaroid to dash for a few seconds. Dashing is used to avoid enemy fire, or to maneuver quickly around the map. Virtuaroids can fire while dashing. While dash-firing, as with during a jump, the virtuaroid turns to face the enemy before shooting.

Each virtuaroid is armed with three weapons, which are different for each virtuaroid.[16] Two of those weapons are associated with either the left or the right trigger, and are referred to as the Left Weapon (LW) and Right Weapon (RW) respectively. The Right Weapon is generally a Virtuaroid's main weapon, usually a rifle or gun. The Left Weapon is commonly a support weapon, often an explosive. Left weapons usually have a blast radius and can inflict splash damage even if they miss the target directly. The third weapon is called the Center Weapon (CW), and is activated by pulling both triggers simultaneously. Depending on the selected virtuaroid, a Center Weapon attack can be extremely powerful, but can only be used a few times in a row before they run out of energy. Each weapon's size, power, and rate of fire is varied by the virtuaroid's actions when the player pulls the trigger. For example, a standing Temjin's RW is a single shot from its rifle, but while dashing, the RW unleashes a rapid burst of shots at once. While dashing, the virtuaroid's direction may also have an effect on the attack.


The game is set in a dystopian future in which Earth is controlled by corporate syndicates. People eager to break free of their rule colonize other planets. On one of these colonies is discovered a powerful technology used by an extinct race. One of the corporate syndicates, DN, reverse-engineers the technology and uses it to design battle robots called Virtuaroids. While testing this new technology, the central computer at the test complex becomes self-aware and activates the Sun Cannon, intending to use it to destroy civilization. DN assigns their top personnel to take control of several Virtuaroids and use them to shut down the rogue computer.[17]


The arcade and Saturn versions were both developed by Sega AM3, though not by the same team.[18] The decision to convert the game to the Saturn was made in response to player feedback.[19]

Producer Juno Watari described the conversion to Saturn as more difficult and frustrating than the more typical fighting games due to, among other things, the large size of the arenas and the numerous projectiles used by the fighters. As an example of the difficulties the team faced, he recounted that "the robot Daiden fires a laser but we really had our work cut out trying to figure out how we were going to represent the laser because its radius is so big. At first there was a delay when we tried to draw it on the screen so we had to rewrite it several times."[18] The team used their own custom operating system to develop the conversion rather than the Sega Graphics Library.[18] Because the Saturn cannot generate as many polygons per second as the Model 2 hardware, the polygonal backgrounds were replaced with scrolling images.[18]

Rumors which state that an early version of the Virtual On arcade version was planned to use the VR-1 headset also circulate - though these are not confirmed, the MVD design is incorporated into the Virtuaroids of the game.[20]


In Japan, Game Machine listed Virtual On: Cyber Troopers on their March 1, 1996 issue as being the most-successful dedicated arcade game of the month.[27]

In a December 1995 GamesMaster preview of the arcade game, Dominik Diamond called Virtual On "a futuristic version of the old Gun Fight game."[28] Reviewing the arcade version, a Next Generation critic described the game as "phenomenally intriguing". He found the use of full three-dimensional movement, heat-seeking projectiles, and defensive sprints to be strong innovations which set the game above rival Namco's Cyber Sled. He additionally praised the 60 frames per second frame rate, quick-moving camera, use of robots as combatants, and dynamic combat strategies, and expressed concern that US gamers would pass by the game due to its distinctively Japanese character designs and initially confusing up-close combat.[23]

The Saturn version was widely held to be an extremely accurate translation of the arcade version,[22][24][25] but critics were divided about the game itself. One issue was the controls, which most critics said take adjusting to unless the twin sticks controller is used,[22][8][24][29] and a reviewer for Next Generation pointed out that this was an expensive option, since Virtual On would in all likelihood be the only game to support the peripheral.[24] Unlike most reviewers, GamePro's The Rookie said the game looks and sounds "16-bit", though he felt it offered enough fun to be worth trying as a rental.[29] However, the main point of disagreement was the gameplay. Next Generation, Rich Leadbetter of Sega Saturn Magazine, and Shawn Smith and Crispin Boyer of Electronic Gaming Monthly all said that while the game is deceptively simple, it offers numerous possibilities for sophisticated and cerebral tactics in the heat of combat.[22][24][25] On the other side, Jeff Gerstmann of GameSpot and Dan Hsu and Sushi-X of Electronic Gaming Monthly all found the game shallow and mindless due to the small number of moves and the availability of homing attacks.[22][8] Gerstmann elaborated that while Virtual On made a good arcade game, it was ill-suited for console release, since the lack of depth prevents it from holding the player's interest for more than a few minutes.[8] Next Generation summarized, "When considering Virtual On for Saturn, it's important to remember just a few things. First, it's a very nontraditional action/fighting game, which means it won't instantly appeal to everyone. Second, those who do like this game tend to like it a lot, and for good reason."[24]


  1. ^ Diamond, Dominik (7 December 1995). "Episode #106". GamesMaster. Series 5. Episode 12. United Kingdom. 3 minutes in. Channel 4. Retrieved 24 April 2021. Virtual On is out next month.
  2. ^ Sega Arcade History. Famitsu DC (in Japanese). Enterbrain. 2002. p. 135.
  3. ^ Akagi, Masumi (13 October 2006). Sega of America. p. 132. ISBN 978-4990251215. {{cite book}}: |work= ignored (help)
  4. ^ Staff (September 11, 1997). "Releases and Mastering". PC Gamer. Archived from the original on October 12, 1997. Retrieved December 5, 2019.
    "...Sega's Virtual On is in stores..."
  5. ^ Romano, Sal (13 September 2019). "Cyber Troopers Virtual-On Masterpiece 1995~2001 for PS4 launches November 27 in Japan". Gematsu. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  6. ^ "Protos: Cyber Troopers". Electronic Gaming Monthly. No. 76. Sendai Publishing. November 1995. p. 220.
  7. ^ "Virtual-On, Virtual-On: Oratorio Tangram, and Virtual-On Force coming to PS4 [Update]". 18 October 2018.
  8. ^ a b c d e f Gerstmann, Jeff (January 21, 1997). "Virtual On: Cyber Troopers Review". GameSpot. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  9. ^ "Coin-op Giants Reveal Latest at JAMMA". Next Generation. No. 12. Imagine Media. December 1995. pp. 16–17.
  10. ^ "Cyber Troopers". Next Generation. No. 15. Imagine Media. March 1996. p. 64.
  11. ^ McWhertor, Michael (October 18, 2012). "Sega Model 2 Collection Brings Arcade Classics Virtual On, Fighting Vipers, and More to XBLA, PSN". Polygon. Retrieved 14 December 2019.
  12. ^ Gil, Andrea (November 26, 2012). "Sega Model 2 Collection Gets a Japanese Release Date". TSSZ. Archived from the original on November 20, 2012. Retrieved 14 December 2019.
  13. ^ Romano, Sal (October 18, 2018). "Virtual-On, Virtual-On: Oratorio Tangram, and Virtual-On Force Coming to PS4". Gematsu. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
  14. ^ "Virtual On Blasts Onto Saturn". Sega Saturn Magazine. No. 12. Emap International Limited. October 1996. p. 8.
  15. ^ "Virtual On: Cyber Troopers". Sega Saturn Magazine. No. 13. Emap International Limited. November 1996. pp. 14–17.
  16. ^ "Virtual War Declared!". Sega Saturn Magazine. No. 5. Emap International Limited. March 1996. pp. 24–25.
  17. ^ "Virtual Insanity". Sega Saturn Magazine. No. 15. Emap International Limited. January 1997. p. 38.
  18. ^ a b c d "Virtual On Interview". Sega Saturn Magazine. No. 14. Emap International Limited. December 1996. pp. 19–20.
  19. ^ "Interview: Top Skater". Sega Saturn Magazine. No. 21. Emap International Limited. July 1997. p. 59.
  20. ^ Mercenary Penguins (14 September 2016). "【特集】VRで盛り上がるジョイポリス、だがセガは1994年にVRアトラクション「VR-1」を導入していた".
  21. ^ Davies, Paul; Guise, Tom (January 1997). "Virtual On: Cyber Troopers". Computer and Video Games. No. 182. pp. 86–89. Retrieved July 17, 2021.
  22. ^ a b c d e "Review Crew: Virtual On". Electronic Gaming Monthly. No. 90. Ziff Davis. January 1997. p. 61.
  23. ^ a b "Virtual On". Next Generation. No. 17. Imagine Media. May 1996. p. 107.
  24. ^ a b c d e f "Right On". Next Generation. No. 26. Imagine Media. February 1997. p. 128.
  25. ^ a b c Leadbetter, Rich (January 1997). "Review: Virtual On". Sega Saturn Magazine. No. 15. Emap International Limited. pp. 66–67.
  26. ^ "Virtual On: Cyber Troopers (Sega Saturn) Review". Archived from the original on 14 November 2014.
  27. ^ "Game Machine's Best Hit Games 25 - 完成品夕イプのTVゲーム機 (Dedicated Videos)". Game Machine (in Japanese). No. 513. Amusement Press, Inc. 1 March 1996. p. 29.
  28. ^ Diamond, Dominik (7 December 1995). "Episode #106". GamesMaster. Series 5. Episode 12. United Kingdom. 3 minutes in. Channel 4. Retrieved 24 April 2021.
  29. ^ a b "Saturn ProReview: Virtual On Cyber Troopers". GamePro. No. 101. IDG. February 1997. p. 82.